Power generation

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power generation

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Power generation

  1. 1. Power generation -B. Prasad Chartered engineer aMieCLUB@gMaiL.CoM
  2. 2. POWERPLANT   Hydro power Nuclear power  Gas power Diesel power Thermal power
  3. 3. Sources of energy NON RENEWABLE  COAL  LPG  NATURAL GAS  NUCLEAR  FUEL CELL RENEWABLE  WIND  HYDRO  SOLAR  BIOMASS  BIOGAS  PHOTOVOLTAIC
  4. 4. ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA COUNTRYCOUNTRY UNIT(KWH)UNIT(KWH) PAKISTANPAKISTAN 6969 INDONESIAINDONESIA 145145 INDIAINDIA 425425 CHINACHINA 12481248 UKUK 56005600 USAUSA 13000130000 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 INDIA UK USA TOWNSHIP UNIT(KWH) UNIT(KWH)
  5. 5. SHARE OF ENERGY SOURCE 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 OIL COAL GAS RENEWABLE ENERGY NUCLEAR SHARE % SHARE % SOURCE SHARE % OIL 38 COAL 28 GAS 21 RENEWABLE ENERGY 7 NUCLEAR 6
  6. 6. INSTALLED CAPACVITY Powergeneration root Capacity MW % Thermal 103449 64.7 Hydro 36913 24.7 Nuclear 4560 2.9 Solar/wind/Biomass 16429 7.7 Total 1,61,351 100
  7. 7. SOLAR PHOTO VALTAIC CELL
  8. 8. thermal PlaNt SlD
  9. 9. ELECTRICAL SAFETYPower Distribution
  10. 10. POWERDISTRIBUTION
  11. 11. LOSS  The standard te chnicallo sse s are aro und 1 7 % in India.  Efficie ncy = 8 3% .  1Unit / 0.5Eff = 2 Units
  12. 12. PARTS AND ASSESERIES
  13. 13. Boiler
  14. 14. Steam Boiler
  15. 15. CONDENSER
  16. 16. TROUBLE SOOTING OF ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM SystemProblem Solutions Common Causes Possible Effects Solutions Voltage imbalances among phases Improper transformer tap Motor vibration, premature motor failure Balance load among phases Voltage deviation Improper transformer setting Over voltage , temp increase Correct transformer setting Poor connection Loose connection, clamp Heat produce Use camera infra red to trace Undersized conductors Review conductor size Voltage drop, energy wastage Reduce load Insulation leakage Abrasion, moisture Leak to ground Replace insulators Low power factor More inductive load Reduces current capacity Add capacitors Harmonics (non- sinusoidal) VFD, UPS, BALLAST ETC Over heating of neutral conductors Take care of selection
  17. 17. ACT FAST AND INITIATE FIRST  बड़ा    सोचो         तेजी से सोचो व     सबसे पहले सोचो  िवचारो     पर िकसी का       एकािधकार नही होता.   ----  धीरभाई अमबानी
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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