Training Type HR.

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Training Type HR.

  1. 1. TYPES OF TRAINING
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>A planned program designed to improve performance and to bring about measurable changes in knowledge, skills, attitude and social behavior of employees for doing a particular job. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Training aims to develop potential knowledge and skills of the employee to carry out defined task and responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Training is short term process. </li></ul><ul><li>Training is necessary to prepare existing employees for higher level jobs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives of training <ul><li>To impart basic knowledge and skill to the fresher to perform the job efficiently. </li></ul><ul><li>To equip the employee to meet the changing requirement of the job and the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>To teach the employees the new techniques and ways of performing the job or operations. </li></ul><ul><li>To prepare employees for higher level tasks. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objectives Contd… <ul><li>Facilitates achievement of Organization's objectives and mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Improve health and safety </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolescence Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Improve Quality </li></ul>
  6. 6. Training -Benefits <ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel and Human Relations </li></ul>
  7. 7. Areas of training <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Social skills </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Training <ul><li>Skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Technical skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Refresher training </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-functional training </li></ul><ul><li>Team training </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity training </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity training </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy training </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics training </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in all organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Process is fairly simple </li></ul><ul><li>Skills training is done for basic skills </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Needs for skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing how to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Managing oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Working as a part of a team </li></ul><ul><li>Leading others etc… </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Methods of skills training </li></ul><ul><li>Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Apprenticeship </li></ul><ul><li>On-the-job </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching etc… </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Cross-functional Training </li></ul><ul><li>Training employees to perform operations in areas other than their assigned job. </li></ul><ul><li>Job rotation can be used for cross functional training </li></ul><ul><li>Job rotation </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Employees get rich experience in diverse jobs </li></ul><ul><li>They become more adaptable and versatile </li></ul><ul><li>They can better reengineer their career paths </li></ul><ul><li>They understand how others are able to perform under different set of constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Need for supervision is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible scheduling can be done </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Team Training </li></ul><ul><li>Team training throws light on: </li></ul><ul><li>How members should communicate with each other </li></ul><ul><li>How they have to cooperate and get ahead </li></ul><ul><li>How they should deal with conflictful situations </li></ul><ul><li>How they should find their way, using collective wisdom </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Team training covers two areas: </li></ul><ul><li>Content tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Group processes </li></ul><ul><li>Content tasks - specify the team’s goals such as cost control and problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Group processes - reflect the way members function as a team </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Refresher training </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid changes in technology causes refresher training. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg:- computerization in an organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Short term courses are conducted for refresher training </li></ul><ul><li>Training is done at regular intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Training is conducted by outside consultants or specialists. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Creativity training </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity training focus on three things: </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking away </li></ul><ul><li>Generate new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Delaying judgement </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Breaking away- </li></ul><ul><li>identify the dominant ideas influencing his own thinking </li></ul><ul><li>define the boundaries within which he is working </li></ul><ul><li>bring the assumptions out into the open and challenge everything </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Generate new ideas- </li></ul><ul><li>trainee should open his mind </li></ul><ul><li>look at the problem from all the possible angles </li></ul><ul><li>list as many alternative approaches </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Delaying judgement- </li></ul><ul><li>To promote creative thinking, </li></ul><ul><li>Trainee should not kill off ideas too quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Generate as many ideas as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Allow ideas to grow a little </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Diversity Training </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity training considers all of the diverse dimensions in the workplace- race, gender, age, disabilities, lifestyles, culture, education, ideas and backgrounds- while designing a training programme. </li></ul><ul><li>It aims to create better cross cultural sensitivity. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>It aims to create more harmonious and fruitful working relationship among firm’s employees. </li></ul><ul><li>The program cover two things </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness building: helps employees appreciate the key benefit of diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Skills building: offers the knowledge, skills and abilities required for working with people having varied backgrounds. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Literacy Training </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to improve reading, writing, speaking and arithmetic skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on lower level employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy training focus on the basic skills required to perform a job adequately and capitalize on most worker’s motivation to get help in particular area </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Literacy training programs </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial programs </li></ul><ul><li>Home assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Simple mathematical tests etc… </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Ethics training </li></ul><ul><li>Helps to establish ethical values. </li></ul><ul><li>This training is included in a newly hired employee’s orientation program. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of an ongoing developmental training program </li></ul><ul><li>Provided to all employees as a periodic reinforcement of ethical principles. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>Training can include everything from teaching employees basic reading skills to conducting advanced courses in executive leadership. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>References: </li></ul><ul><li>Websites: </li></ul><ul><li>www.wikipedia.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.explorehr.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.mindtools.com </li></ul><ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><li>Human resources management, VSP Rao </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational behavior, Stephen.P.Robbins, Timothy.A.Judge, Seema Sanghi </li></ul>
  28. 28. THANK YOU

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