The Main and Subordinate Clause

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The Main and Subordinate Clause

  1. 1. Clauses<br />Why learn about them?<br />Learning about clauses helps us to determine whether we have written <br />a complete sentence.<br />
  2. 2. Essentially, writing (and speech!) is all about action. We write to explain what, when, how and why things happen.<br />We also consider thoughts and feelings to be actions.<br />
  3. 3. The Main Clause<br />The main clause (sometimes called an independentclause) must contain:<br />+<br />subject<br />verb<br />The subject is involved <br />in the action<br />The verb is the action<br />
  4. 4. Consider this sentence…<br />Diane <br />kicked<br />Diane kicked the habit.<br />Q. Where is the subject and where is the verb?<br />MAIN CLAUSE <br /><ul><li>The sentence expresses a complete thought
  5. 5. It contains a subject and a verb
  6. 6. EVERY SENTENCE MUST HAVE ONE.</li></li></ul><li>The Subordinate Clause<br />Whenever you place a subordinateconjunction in front of a subject and a verb you will no longer have a complete thought.<br />The subordinate clause is sometimes referred to as a dependentclause.<br />
  7. 7. Subordinate Conjunctions<br />Task: try putting any of the above words in front of <br />Diane kicked the habit.<br />
  8. 8. After Amy sneezed all over the tuna salad…<br />So what happened? Did she eat it or throw it in the bin?<br />UntilAadesh has his first cup of coffee…<br />What did Aadesh do when he finished his coffee?<br />Provided that the baby sleeps in the afternoon…<br />So what happens if the baby sleeps in the afternoon?<br />Some examples…<br />
  9. 9. Spot the incomplete sentence<br /><br />The marble floors in the airport are glossy and reflect the light.<br />If floors reflect the light, they are often made of marble.<br />Because airports often have marble floors which reflect the light.<br />While robins are fighting in the garden, other birds eat the food.<br />In the garden, as the robins fight and other birds eat.<br />Other birds are eating in the garden, but the robins are fighting.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  10. 10. Attaching a Subordinate Clause to a Main Clause<br />When you place a subordinate clause in front of a main clause we use a comma like this…<br />While robins are fighting in the garden,other birds eat the food.<br />subordinate clause + , + main clause<br />
  11. 11. Attaching a Subordinate Clause to a Main Clause<br />When you place a subordinate clause at the end you will generally use no punctutationlike this…<br />Susan was late for her history exam because she missed her bus.<br />main clause subordinate clause<br />

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