NLP Overview


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This slide show was used in a presentation overview of Neuro-linguistic Programming at a graduate seminar

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NLP Overview

  1. 1. Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP)
  2. 2. History & Development          Original work in the 1970’s by Richard Bandler, Computer Scientist and Gestalt therapist and Dr. John Grinder, linguist and therapist. Grinder and Bandler fell out(1980’s) , countersued each other amid controversy over intellectual property rights of NLP. Others used NLP to their own end including Anthony Robbins (Neuro Associative Conditioning) and Michael Hall( Meta-states) - stepping back and viewing the self from a larger perspective using self-reflexive consciousness. Abundance of developers and trainers created no definitive system of NLP Research reviewers in experimental counseling psychology and the National Research council gave NLP an overall negative assessment ( mid -late 80’s) In 2000, Grinder & Bandler settled dispute and became offical co-founders of NLP Since then, many types of training certificates exist originally intended for therapists. Certificate programs can be from 20 days to a 9 month program for a professional level competence. Exists as a set of techniques, methods, concepts, and labels NLP is still an open field of training. QuickTime™ and a TIFFneeded to see thisdec are (Uncompressed) pic
  3. 3. What is NLP? Richard Bandler ‘s definition:  "The Study of the Structure of Subjective Experience and what can be calculated from it.” Others definition of NLP  An approach to discovering and modifying patterns of human thought and behavior.  NLP is a universal model for communication and change. It is also an attitude and a set of techniques to influence ourselves and others with precision, elegance and integrity.  NLP describes the fundamental dynamics between mind (neuro) and language (linguistic) and how their interaction effects our body and behavior (programming).  NLP is about the study of patterns in human behavior that usually are outside of conscious awareness.  NLP is is a tool for generating change for changes sake.  NLP is the Art and Science of Personal Excellence
  4. 4. Applications of NLP QuickTime™ a TIFFneeded to see and decompressor are (Uncompressed) picture. this  Companies, organizations, and individuals use NLP as a communication and self-improvement tool.            QuickTime™ and a TIFFneeded to see thisdecompressor are (Uncompressed) picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF needed to see thisdecomp are (Uncompressed) picture Directors and executives Managers at all levels Sales people Administrators Engineering and technical staff Customer care operatives Receptionists and secretaries Trainers Human Resource personnel Therapists Actors QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre are needed to see this picture.
  5. 5. Core Research Premise: Perceptions are represented in the brain through our five senses with images, sounds, smells,taste, and touch. Individual’s thoughts, gestures, and words interact to create a perception of the world. By changing one’s outlook, one can improve his-her attitudes and actions. QuickTime™ and a TIFF needed to see thisdecompres are (Uncompressed) picture.    Studied 3 prominent therapists to determine their effectiveness at work. What made these successful psychotherapists different from their peers? They studied Dr. Milton Erickson, father of modern hypnotherapy; Fritz Perls, creator of Gestalt therapy;Virginia Satir, mother of modern-day family therapy Research revealed information about patterns of behavior and specific actions successful people exhibited
  6. 6. and a TIFFQuickTime™ thisdecompressor (Uncompressed) picture. are needed to see  Modeling Process of adopting the behaviors, language, strategies, and beliefs of another person QuickTime™ and a TIFF needed to see thisdecompressor are (Uncompressed) picture.   Grinder and Bandler modeled the three therapists and developed special “patterns” for general communication, rapportbuilding, and self-improvement. NLP could be developed as a tool for modeling excellence QuickTime™ and a TIFF needed to see thisdecompressor are (Uncompressed) picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompress are needed to see this picture.
  7. 7. Representational systems Grinder and Bandler focused on three major representational modalities to use in their research.    Visual (V) Auditory (A) Kinesthetic (K) Each modality is broken down into smaller structural divisions called Submodalities
  8. 8. NLP Submodalities Submodality is a distinction of form or structure (rather than content). A submodality describes the modality with certain attributes and more precision. For example, Visual(modality) images can have many attributes. Some common visual attributes(Submodalities) could be clear, fuzzy, bright or dark. Some Submodalities of the Kinesthetic system could be soft, warm or cold.
  9. 9. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Sample NLP Submodalities of three Representational Systems QuickTime™ and a TIFF needed to see thisdecompre are (Uncompressed) picture. Visual (V) Auditory (A) Kinesthetic (K) Clear, fuzzy, bright, dark, lucid, see, look, imagine, illustrate, picture, convex, concave, watch, gaze, glare,reflect,show Voice, loud, quiet, volume, hear, listen, tell, say, talk, rhythm, tempo, blaring Feel, touch, warmth, pressure, handle, cuddle, kiss, emotions Communication (V) Samples (A) “I see what you mean”. “Sandy’s future looks bright.” “Imagine that!” “Show me the money”. “I hear what you’re saying.” “Listen, could we talk?” “Sounds good to me.” (K) “I know how you feel.” “I can handle it.” “No Pressure!” “Things are heating up!”
  10. 10. NLP Representational Systems (Modalities) VAK Preference Learning styles Visual (V) Auditory (A) Kinesthetic (K) Someone with a Visual learning style has a preference for seen or observed things including pictures, movies, diagrams, displays, demonstrations Someone with an Auditory learning style has a preference for the transfer of information through listening; to the spoken word, of self or others, of sounds and noises. Someone with a Kinesthetic learning style has a preference for physical experience touching, feeling, holding, doing, practical “hands-on” experiences.
  11. 11. Limitations and Difficulties using NLP     Lacks a specific definition without a large body of empirical support. Requires skill. Many use NLP without much preparation or practice, creates potential misuse. Missing code of ethics Difficult to measure scientifically making it difficult to determine effectiveness and “best use” strategy Ambiguous nature of NLP creates openings for misinterpreting it meaning
  12. 12. NLP ,MI, and Other fields Other theories and Fields NLP and Multiple Intelligences (MI)    Both seek to describe a learning preference that can be useful for teaching, learning, and communicating Both seek to provide a model for understanding the brain and how it works Both demand active participation on the part of the learner.This creates individualized strategies designed to enhance personal success •Albert Bandura’s Modeled behavior shares similarities with Grinder and Bandlers modeling for excellence •NLP like Goleman’s Emotional intelligence seek to recognize feelings and effectively manage emotional states. •NLP uses Techniques of intervention, patterned behavior, and goal setting which are also found in psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, and Gestalt therapy( aims to make individuals ‘whole’ by increasing their awareness of aspects of their personality which have been denied or disowned).
  13. 13. Multiple Intelligences with VAK modalities Learner type Is good at.. Learns best by.. Activities VAK strategy of NLP Reading, writing And stories Saying, hearing and Seeing words Memory games Trivia games,stories Mostly (A) Logical/ mathematical Solving puzzles, exploring patterns, reasoning, logic Asking questions, categorizing and working with problems Puzzles Problem solving (A) with some (V) Visual/Spatial Drawing, building, Arts and crafts Visualizing using the minds eye Flashcards, pictures, colors, project work Mostly (V) with some (K) handson art Musical Singing, listening to music, play musical instruments Using rhythm with music on Using songs, chants, drilling Mostly (A) Bodily/ Kinesthetic Moving around, touching things and body language Moving, touching and doing Tactile activities, action songs, miming Mostly (K) Interpersonal Mixing with others, Leading groups, mediating Co-operating working in groups And sharing Mingle activities, group work, debates, discussions Some (A) Some (K) Intrapersonal Working alone and pursuing own interests Working alone Working individually on personalized projects Some (K), some (A) internal, Some (V) Nature Working outside, observing nature Environmental projects (V) With some (K) Linguistic Naturalistic
  14. 14. Beginnings NLP MI General assumptions concepts Scope Classroom Mid-70’s Richard Bandler and John Grinder People elicit specific physiological patterns which can be modeled and taught for achieving desired outcomes Modeled behaviors (Bandura), Self -awareness, Selfimprovement Lacks a specific theory for usage ,instead is applied to many fields of interest notably as an application for selfimprovement and communication Create Rapport, identify and utilize an active learning state for a student, communication tool for teacher 1983 - Howard Gardner Different experiences develop different capabilities expressed as intelligences, Theory Challenges IQ model Eight distinct intelligences exist in human beings. Learning Theory encompasses different kinds of intelligences for understanding human development and applications for education Individualized for student, active learning state