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SURREALISM
Popular Artists &
Compositional Techniques
• 1910-1920's Literary and Artistic movement.
• Poets, writers, and artists explored the
subconscious mind and dream imagery that
were heavily influenced by the psychological
studies of Sigmund Freud.
André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known
best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the
first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined
surrealism as "pure psychic automatism"
The founder of the
Metaphysical art
movement, Giorgio de
Chirico was an Italian
(Born in Volos,Greece)
surrealist painter, whose
work implied a
metaphysical questioning
of reality.
(DE CHIRICO)
Salvador Dalí was a skilled
draftsman, best known for the
striking and bizarre images in his
surrealist work.
His painterly skills are often
attributed to the influence of
Renaissance masters.
Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire
included film, sculpture, and
photography, in collaboration with a
range of artists in a variety of media.
Rene Magritte was one of
the most well known and
famous surrealist painters
of all time, yet it was not
until his 50s, when he was
finally able to reach some
form of fame and
recognition for his work.
(MAGRITTE)
SURREALISM TECHNIQUES think “PHYSICAL aspects”
Juxtaposition- placing objects near each other for impact
Scale- using known size relationships to communicate
Levitation- floating objects that do no float; using knowledge of weight
Dislocation -taking objects out of their normal environment
Transparency -making objects transparent or opaque against their normalcy
Transformation -transforming from one physical state to another
Juxtaposition-
placing
objects near
each other for
impact
(DE CHIRICO)
(DE CHIRICO)
Scale-
using known size relationships to communicate
(MAGRITTE)
(MAGRITTE)
Levitation- floating objects that do no float;
using knowledge of weight
(MAGRITTE)
Dislocation -
taking objects
out of their
normal
environment
(MAGRITTE)
(MAGRITTE)
Transparency -
making objects
transparent or
opaque against
their normalcy
(MAGRITTE)
(MAGRITTE)
Transformation -from one physical state to another
(DALI)
(DALI)
(DALI)
(DALI)
Dali’s best-known work, The Persistence of
Memory was completed in August 1931.
(DALI)
Magritte has many popular images, his best-
known work, The Son of Man was completed
in 1964.
Magritte says:
“At least it hides the face partly well, so you
have the apparent face, the apple, hiding the
visible but hidden, the face of the person. It's
something that happens constantly. Everything
we see hides another thing, we always want to
see what is hidden by what we see. There is an
interest in that which is hidden and which the
visible does not show us. This interest can take
the form of a quite intense feeling, a sort of
conflict, one might say, between the visible
that is hidden and the visible that is present”
THIS IS NOT A PIPE BY MAGRITTE
FALSE MIRROR BY MAGRITTE
PROJECT DETAILS:
1. PULL OUT RANDOMLY MAGAZINE PAGES OF IMAGES YOU LIKE OR CATCH YOUR EYE.
2. FOLD OUTER EDGES OF BLACK PAPER TO MEET IN THE MIDDLE TO CREATE A “DOOR”
3. CUT AND GLUE IMAGES THROUGHOUT THE INSIDE OF THE BLACK PAPER UTILIZING
THE VARIOUS SURREALIST TECHNIQUES, ESPECIALLY JUXTAPOSITIONING AND SCALE.
4. SET ASIDE 1 LARGE IMAGE FOR YOUR COVER, THAT YOU WILL CUT IN HALF, AND GLUE
ONTO THE DOOR.
5. DO NOT PUT YOUR NAME ON THIS PROJECT. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT!!!!
6. TURN IN PROJECT INTO RANDOM PILE
7. CHOOSE 1 PROJECT THAT YOU DO NOT KNOW THE ARTIST
8. YOU WILL BE LEAD THROUGH THE 4 STEP PROCESS OF ART CRITICISM BEFORE
FINALIZING VAAS AND GRADING.
All images and information gathered from online resources and are for educational use only.

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Surrealism Project

  • 2. • 1910-1920's Literary and Artistic movement. • Poets, writers, and artists explored the subconscious mind and dream imagery that were heavily influenced by the psychological studies of Sigmund Freud. André Breton was a French writer and poet. He is known best as the founder of Surrealism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism"
  • 3. The founder of the Metaphysical art movement, Giorgio de Chirico was an Italian (Born in Volos,Greece) surrealist painter, whose work implied a metaphysical questioning of reality. (DE CHIRICO)
  • 4. Salvador Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.
  • 5. Rene Magritte was one of the most well known and famous surrealist painters of all time, yet it was not until his 50s, when he was finally able to reach some form of fame and recognition for his work. (MAGRITTE)
  • 6. SURREALISM TECHNIQUES think “PHYSICAL aspects” Juxtaposition- placing objects near each other for impact Scale- using known size relationships to communicate Levitation- floating objects that do no float; using knowledge of weight Dislocation -taking objects out of their normal environment Transparency -making objects transparent or opaque against their normalcy Transformation -transforming from one physical state to another
  • 9. Scale- using known size relationships to communicate (MAGRITTE)
  • 11. Levitation- floating objects that do no float; using knowledge of weight (MAGRITTE)
  • 12. Dislocation - taking objects out of their normal environment (MAGRITTE)
  • 14. Transparency - making objects transparent or opaque against their normalcy (MAGRITTE)
  • 16. Transformation -from one physical state to another (DALI)
  • 20. Dali’s best-known work, The Persistence of Memory was completed in August 1931.
  • 22. Magritte has many popular images, his best- known work, The Son of Man was completed in 1964. Magritte says: “At least it hides the face partly well, so you have the apparent face, the apple, hiding the visible but hidden, the face of the person. It's something that happens constantly. Everything we see hides another thing, we always want to see what is hidden by what we see. There is an interest in that which is hidden and which the visible does not show us. This interest can take the form of a quite intense feeling, a sort of conflict, one might say, between the visible that is hidden and the visible that is present”
  • 23. THIS IS NOT A PIPE BY MAGRITTE
  • 24. FALSE MIRROR BY MAGRITTE
  • 25.
  • 26. PROJECT DETAILS: 1. PULL OUT RANDOMLY MAGAZINE PAGES OF IMAGES YOU LIKE OR CATCH YOUR EYE. 2. FOLD OUTER EDGES OF BLACK PAPER TO MEET IN THE MIDDLE TO CREATE A “DOOR” 3. CUT AND GLUE IMAGES THROUGHOUT THE INSIDE OF THE BLACK PAPER UTILIZING THE VARIOUS SURREALIST TECHNIQUES, ESPECIALLY JUXTAPOSITIONING AND SCALE. 4. SET ASIDE 1 LARGE IMAGE FOR YOUR COVER, THAT YOU WILL CUT IN HALF, AND GLUE ONTO THE DOOR. 5. DO NOT PUT YOUR NAME ON THIS PROJECT. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT!!!! 6. TURN IN PROJECT INTO RANDOM PILE 7. CHOOSE 1 PROJECT THAT YOU DO NOT KNOW THE ARTIST 8. YOU WILL BE LEAD THROUGH THE 4 STEP PROCESS OF ART CRITICISM BEFORE FINALIZING VAAS AND GRADING. All images and information gathered from online resources and are for educational use only.