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Exploring management options to increase pulse
production by using simulation models :
An application to dryland systems
H...
Context :
Resource use efficiency to be increased
Improved field
management required
 Efficiency
• Timing
• Fractionning
...
• Farmers decision for resource allocation to production
• Crop rotation and crop partition in the farm land
• Farming sys...
4
How crop models can help?
• Give order of magnitude for yield gains from new
plant traits and management options
• Asses...
The SSM Model
Process
driven algorithm
Daily time step
Climate (4)
Crop (48)
MEASURABLE
Soil (11)
Management (2)
Crop
Soil...
Example 1 : bean irrigation management
In the South of Europe, is it possible to reduce irrigation water use
without impac...
Simulated yield with farmers’ and model
triggered irrigations
Simulated cumulated irrigation (farmers’ and
model triggered...
• Farmers’ irrigation timing doesn’t match plant needs
• Degrading of the results and translation into practical advise :
...
Model evaluation :
• Using long term experiments at Tel Hadya (ICARDA station)
Example 2: water resource allocation at far...
10
Results : - For all farms
1. Food production hardly affected by irrigation strategy
2. Irrigating legumes decreases N r...
Take home messages
1. Even if they are « wrong », models can give directions to improve
legume production
2. To allow so, ...
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Exploring management options to increase pulse production by using simulation models: An application to dryland systems

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Oral Presentation 29 by H. Marrou at the International Conference on Pulses in Marrakesh, Morocco, 18-20 April 2016

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Exploring management options to increase pulse production by using simulation models: An application to dryland systems

  1. 1. Exploring management options to increase pulse production by using simulation models : An application to dryland systems H. Marrou, M. E. Ghanem, A. Soltani, T. R. Sinclair 2016 International Conference on PULSES “For Health, Nutrition and Sustainable Agriculture in Drylands” Marrakech, Morocco 18th - 20 th April 2016
  2. 2. Context : Resource use efficiency to be increased Improved field management required  Efficiency • Timing • Fractionning • Adequation to crop demand For water and N application • Low resource availability Increasing food demand 2
  3. 3. • Farmers decision for resource allocation to production • Crop rotation and crop partition in the farm land • Farming systems to be re-designed 3 Context : Resource use efficiency to be increased
  4. 4. 4 How crop models can help? • Give order of magnitude for yield gains from new plant traits and management options • Assess risk and variability • Decompose efficiencies and identify levers of action • …
  5. 5. The SSM Model Process driven algorithm Daily time step Climate (4) Crop (48) MEASURABLE Soil (11) Management (2) Crop Soil Transparency and accessibility of the model algorithm 5 Soltani and Sinclair, 2012
  6. 6. Example 1 : bean irrigation management In the South of Europe, is it possible to reduce irrigation water use without impacting the yield?  farmers with different irrigation schedule  5 years  22 different cropping situations  4 irrigation scenario: a) actual farmers’ irrigations b)Model triggered irrigations at 3 levels of soil water content 6
  7. 7. Simulated yield with farmers’ and model triggered irrigations Simulated cumulated irrigation (farmers’ and model triggered irrigations) Marrou et al., 2014 Example 1 : bean irrigation management In the South of Europe, is it possible to reduce irrigation water use without impacting the yield? 7 High moderate no Actual stress stress stress High moderate no Actual stress stress stress
  8. 8. • Farmers’ irrigation timing doesn’t match plant needs • Degrading of the results and translation into practical advise : – First irrigation within 20 days after sowing – Irrigation in the 20 days before flowering is not necessary – Support grain filling with irrigation until harvest Marrou et al., 2014 Example 1 : bean irrigation management 8
  9. 9. Model evaluation : • Using long term experiments at Tel Hadya (ICARDA station) Example 2: water resource allocation at farm level On a cereal –legume far, with reduced acces to water and fertilizer, could it be a good bet to irrigate legumes? 9 Virtual experiment : 6 Middle-East farms, growing wheat and chickpea • Same area: 5ha • Same water availability : 2500m3 (50 mm * 5ha) • Different rotations and wheat/chickpea proportion on the farmland • 2 possible irrigation strategies: i) 100% of farm water goes to wheat ii) 50mm is kept for chickpea and the rest is applied on wheat 30 year simulations (historic weather data)
  10. 10. 10 Results : - For all farms 1. Food production hardly affected by irrigation strategy 2. Irrigating legumes decreases N requirement to achieve yield permitted by water Example 2: water resource allocation at farm level On a cereal –legume far, with reduced acces to water and fertilizer, could it be a good bet to irrigate legumes? - For farms with reduced access to fertilizer 1. Saving water for wheat allow higher yield permitted by water 2. …but N stress leads to poor water use efficiency by wheat 3. Irrigating legumes contributes to meet N demand of cereal after legume in a rotation
  11. 11. Take home messages 1. Even if they are « wrong », models can give directions to improve legume production 2. To allow so, models should be transparent, process oriented and non calibrated 3. Solutions to improve resource use efficiency in legume systems are to be looked for at different scales 4. Comprehensive assessment of resource availability is needed to really improve efficiency 11

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