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Impact of Climate Change and possible steps for Reversal”

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Dr Susanta Kundu, Chief Operating Officer,
Excel Innovation Centre,
Excel Industries Limited, Mumbai

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Impact of Climate Change and possible steps for Reversal”

  1. 1. Earthquake DraughtsMelting glaciers Floods “Impact of Climate Change and possible steps for Reversal” Dr Susanta Kundu, Chief Operating Officer, Excel Innovation Centre, Excel Industries Limited, Mumbai susanta.kundu@excelind.com United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  2. 2. Reasons for Climate Change Deforestation Vehicular Emissions Air pollution Burning of forestsUnited Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  3. 3. Sector-wise Consumption of Petroleum Products 2017-18 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  4. 4. India’s Installed Power Capacity United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  5. 5. Urban Household Rural Household [Wood considered CO2 neutral] Total Carbon Footprint/Capita/Year 586kg CO2 Sankesh P Bhoyar et all/Procedia-Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2014, 133, 47-60 2480kg CO2 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  6. 6. Mission For The New Millennium Photosynthesis United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Oxygen Water Carbon Dioxide Sunlight Glucose 6 CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2
  7. 7. Bamboo What type of Greenery? Seaweed Mangroves United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Mission For The New Millennium
  8. 8. Bamboo Cultivation United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  9. 9. Bamboo Cultivation Few Solution for Global Warming Tons/Year 1 acre Bamboo biomass 40 Carbon 23 Fixes CO2 84 Liberates O2 61 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  10. 10. Sargassum Kappaphycus Gracilaria Dura Ulva lactuca Salad Seaweed Cultivation Reverse the Climate Change through BLUE ECONOMY United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  11. 11. Salad Uses of Seaweed United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  12. 12. Sargassum Kappaphycus Salad New Super food Bio-refinery United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  13. 13. Salad Application of Carrageenan & Alginate United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  14. 14. Available Biomass Resources in India Feedstock for Biomass Power Production Forest Waste Logs, chips, barks, leaves, Forest industry based product like sawdust Municipal Solid Waste Biodegradable such as food and kitchen waste, green waste, paper, Inert waste like fabrics, clothes etc., Agricultural Wastes Straws of cereals and pulses, stalks of fibre crops, seed coats of oil seed, crop wastes like sugarcane trash, rice husk, coconut shell, etc Energy Crops Plant exclusively grown for their wood from marginal lands for generation. Ex Prosopis, Bamboo, Leuceana, etc Agro Industrial Waste Wastes from paper mills, molasses from sugar refineries, pulp wastes from food Animal By Products Tallow, Fish Oil, Manure, etc., United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  15. 15. Conversion of Biomass to Biofuel Products Feed Stocks Agro Residues Specific Crops MS Waste Seaweeds Logistics Collection Pre-processing Storage Transportation Conversion Thermochemical Combustion Gasification Pyrolysis Biochemical Anaerobic Digestion Fermentation Aerobic Composting Physicochemical Oil Extraction Utilization Bio power Power Generation Biofuels Ethanol Methanol Biodiesel Pyrolysis Liquids Biogas Synthesis Gases Hydrogen Charcoal Bio-products Citric & Other Acids Composite materials Manure Fibres Lubricants Surfactants United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  16. 16. Biomass Resource Converted to Bioenergy Carrier Biomass Resource Bioenergy Utilization Food, Fibre, Wood Process Residues Crop Residues. Animal Wastes Harvesting Forest Agroforest Residues MSW Incineration Landfill Gas, Biogas, Thermal Processes Centralized Electricity Heat Generation Liquid/ Gaseous Biofuels Heating/ Electricity & Cooking fuels Biorefining, Biomaterials, Biochemical, Industry Agriculture Forestry Waste Energy supply Transport Building/Industry Industry Matching Biomass Supply, Demands for Bioenergy, Biofuels and Materials Traditional Biomass, Fuelwood Charcoal, Animal Dung United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  17. 17. Habitat for fish As feed for animalsReserve parks Habitat for birds Mangroves and Climate Change United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  18. 18. Organic Waste Treatment/Composting Insect eggs Insects Termite Fungus BacteriaWeeds FREE FREE FREE FREE FREE FREE Treatment of Organic Waste reduces the Methane Emission Treatment & Stabilization at source of Waste Generation Decentralised Treatment System Nullify Transportation Stabilised Organic Manure a must for Soil Health United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 E X C E L C O N T R U B U T I O N
  19. 19. Treated Stubble [21days] Application of BioculumAW by mixing with FYM in Paddy Harvested Field In-situ Composting of Paddy Stocks Paddy Stubble In-situ Composting discourage Stubble Burning Composted Paddy Stubble adds Organic in Soil United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 E X C E L C O N T R U B U T I O N
  20. 20. Activity Impact 47 check-dams have been constructed till date - Increased area under irrigation, 180 ha possibility of additional cropping - Improvement in ground water quality and quantity De-silting in 21 structures - 5.5 MCFT water storage - 250hectares of land benefited from this fertile soil Roof Top Rain Water Harvesting Structures – 19 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Rukmavati River Basin Project, Mandvhi
  21. 21. 12/9/2019 21 Recharge pond Recharge open well Harvested waterFiltration Water Conservation & Harvesting Structures 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Year 20092010201120122013201420152016201720182019 TDS (ppm) 869 1016 883 11351266200017601928 880 354 446 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500TDSinppm Average TDS Data Water quality of open Bore well Dry Land farming is totally rain fed depended Water Conservation supports Dry Land farming E X C E L C O N T R U B U T I O N United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Rukmavati River Basin Project, Mandvhi
  22. 22. Changes in Ground Water Level # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # Don Kodai Maska Pipri Wandh Sarli Ludva Filon Pundi Mandvi Dhokda Dhunai Rampar Ajapar Virani Kurbai Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Darsadi Wadasar Vandhay Samatra Nagalpar Jakhania Jamthada Bheraiya Desalpar Dahisara Kojachora Mamaymora Vingadiya Rayan nana Bhadai Moti Bhadai Nani Nabhoi Moti Nabhoi Nani Rajpar Timbo Asambiya Mota Asambiya Nana Goniyasar Mota 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 60 70 80 40 40 30 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 120 110 100 90 50 40 30 -10 0 10 20 20 30 30 40 40 50 Rajpar Timbo 60 70 010 0 10 20 706050 40 40 50 60 70 80 9090 100 110 120 130 140 140 130 120 110 100 90 90 90 100 80 80 80 70 70 605040 8090100 110 110 100 90 90 80 908070 6060 40 50 70 80 90 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 20 30 40 50 80 80 70 70 70 70 80 80 90 90 50 50 40 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 10 10 20 30 0 0 -50 -40 -30 -10 -30 -20 -20 -10 -10 -10 -20 -20 -30 -30 -40 -40 -50 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -90 -90 -80 -70 -60 -60 -50 -50 -80 -130 -130 -100 -80 -90 -80 -100 -110 -110 -100 -90 -80 -100 -110 -120 -120 -110 -100 -90 -80 -70-60 -50-40 -30 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -70 -60 -60 -50 -50 -70 -80 -80 -70 -60 -70 -50 -60 -70 -60 -70 -50 -40 -70 -100 -110 -120-110 -100 -100 -110 Reduce Water Level - Pre Monsoon 2010 No Data 120-160 90-120 60 to 90 50-60 40-50 30-40 20-30 > -110 -80 to -110 -50 to -80 -40 to -50 -30 to -40 -20 to -30 -10 to -20 0 to -10 10-20 0-10 Study Area N 4 0 4 8 Kilometers May 2010 # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # Don Kodai Maska Pipri Wandh Sarli Ludva Filon Pundi Mandvi Dhokda Dhunai Rampar Ajapar Virani Kurbai Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Darsadi Wadasar Vandhay Samatra Nagalpar Jakhania Jamthada Bheraiya Desalpar Dahisara Kojachora Mamaymora Vingadiya Rayan nana Bhadai Moti Bhadai Nani Nabhoi Moti Nabhoi Nani Rajpar Timbo Asambiya Mota Asambiya Nana Goniyasar Mota -10-20 -20 -30 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 -10 10 10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -60 -50 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 10 0 20 30 30 20 10 -50 -50 -40 -40 -30 -30 -20 -10 0 0 -10 -20 -30-40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 10 -20 -10 0 0 0 70 60 80 80 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 140 130 120 110 100 90 90 100 110 120 120 110 100 90 8070 6060 70 8090 90 80 70 60 100 110 90 100 110 50 40 30 50 40 30 60 60 70 80 70 8090 90 100 100 110 110 120 120 130 130 140 140 150 150160 160 4 0 4 8 Kilometers N Study Area 0-10 10-20 0 to -10 -10 to -20 -20 to -30 -30 to -40 -40 to -50 -50 to -80 -80 to -110 > -110 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60 to 90 90-120 # Satlmnt.shp 120-160 No Data Reduce Water Level - Post Monsoon 2009 December 2009 Pre Monsoon & Post Monsoon [Kutch, Gujrat] # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## Don Kodai Maska Pipri Mandvi Dhokda Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Nagalpar Jakhania Rayan nana Asambiya Mota Goniyasar Mota -10-20 -20 -30 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 -10 10 10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -60 -50 -40 -40 -30 -20 -10 10 0 20 30 30 20 10 -50 -50 -40 -40 -30 -30 -20 -10 0 0 -10 -20 -30-40 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 10 -20 -10 0 0 0 4 0 4 8 Kilometers N Study Area 0-10 10-20 0 to -10 -10 to -20 -20 to -30 -30 to -40 -40 to -50 -50 to -80 -80 to -110 > -110 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60 to 90 90-120 120-160 No Data Reduce Water Level - Post Monsoon 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Rukmavati River Basin Project, Mandvhi
  23. 23. Changes in Ground Water Quality # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # Don Kodai Maska Pipri Wandh Sarli Ludva Filon Pundi Mandvi Dhokda Dhunai Rampar Ajapar Virani Kurbai Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Darsadi Wadasar Vandhay Samatra Nagalpar Jakhania Jamthada Bheraiya Desalpar Dahisara Kojachora Mamaymora Vingadiya Rayan nana Bhadai Moti Bhadai Nani Nabhoi Moti Nabhoi Nani Rajpar Timbo Asambiya Mota Asambiya Nana Goniyasar Mota 2000 2000 3000 3000 4000 4000 3000 3000 2000 1500 1500 2000 2000 1500 1500 2000 1500 1500 2000 2000 3000 2000 2000 3000 30004000 5000 6000 7000 5000 4000 3000 2000 200030004000 5000 6000 6000 5000 4000 3000 3000 3000 5000 6000 1500 1500 500 500 500 500 500 - 1500 500 1500 1500 2000 2000 3000 3000 4000 4000 4000 4000 3000 3000 2000 2000 500500 1500 1500 1500 1500 15001500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1500 1500 2000 2000 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 N 4 0 4 8 Kilometers TDS Pre Monsoon - 2010 Saline Water Quality (TDS >3000 mg/lit) Brackish/Partial Saline Water Quality (TDS 2000 - 3000 mg/lit) Moderate/Permissible Water Quality (TDS 1500 - 2000 mg/lit) Good Water Quality (TDS 500 - 1500 mg/lit) Excelent Water Quality (TDS <500 mg/lit) # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # 600 0 500 0 500 0 400 0 400 0 300 0 300 0 200 0 200 0 150 0 200 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 200 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 400 0 400 0 500 0 500 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 200 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 400 0 200 0 150 0 200 0 130 00 120 00 110 00 100 00 110 00 100 00 900 0 900 0 800 0 700 0 600 0 500 0 400 0 500 0 500 0 400 0 400 0 400 0 300 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 800 0 700 0 600 0 500 0 400 0 200 0 150 0 600 0 Don Kodai Maska Pipri Wandh Sarli Ludva Filon Pundi Mandvi Dhokda Dhunai Rampar Ajapar Virani Kurbai Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Darsadi Wadasar Vandhay Samatra Nagalpar Jakhania Jamthada Bheraiya Desalpar Dahisara Kojachora Mamaymora Vingadiya Rayan nana Bhadai Moti Bhadai Nani Nabhoi Moti Nabhoi Nani Rajpar Timbo Asambiya Mota Asambiya Nana Goniyasar Mota Excelent Water Quality (TDS <500 mg/lit) Good Water Quality (TDS 500 - 1500 mg/lit) Moderate/Permissible Water Quality (TDS 1500 - 2000 mg/lit) Brackish/Partial Saline Water Quality (TDS 2000 - 3000 mg/lit) Saline Water Quality (TDS >3000 mg/lit) TDS Post Monsoon - 2009 4 0 4 8 Kilometers N Pre Monsoon & Post Monsoon [Kutch, Gujrat] May 2010December 2009 # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # 150 0 200 0 130 00 120 00 110 00 100 00 110 00 100 00 900 0 900 0 800 0 700 0 600 0 500 0 400 0 500 0 500 0 400 0 400 0 400 0 300 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 200 0 150 0 150 0 200 0 300 0 300 0 800 0 700 0 600 0 500 0 400 0 200 0 150 0 Don Kodai Maska Pipri Pundi Mandvi Dhokda Sukhpar Navavas Talvana Nagalpar Jakhania Rayan nana Bhadai Moti Bhadai Nani Asambiya Mota Asambiya Nana Goniyasar Mota Excelent Water Quality (TDS <500 mg/lit) Good Water Quality (TDS 500 - 1500 mg/lit) Moderate/Permissible Water Quality (TDS 1500 - 2000 mg/lit) Brackish/Partial Saline Water Quality (TDS 2000 - 3000 mg/lit) Saline Water Quality (TDS >3000 mg/lit) TDS Post Monsoon - 2009 4 0 4 8 Kilometers N United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 Rukmavati River Basin Project, Mandvhi
  24. 24. Reduction in METHANE Generation CO2 Fixation Positive Impact on Climate Change Natural Resource Management • Soil moisture conservation • Soil reclamation • Water harvesting and it’s management Restored Fresh Water Eco-System Increased Soil Fertility Increased Crop Productivity Agriculture/Horticulture Development and Greenery in the Basin Photosynthesis Capacity of framers though trainings for.. • Balance cropping and biomass planning • Mixed farming with animal husbandry, Dairy, Fishery poultry etc. Solid and liquid waste management • Composting, recycling etc. Rukmavati River Basin Project, Mandvhi United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019
  25. 25. Parameters Before Treatment After Biofilter Treatment After R.O. Treatment Standard Norms for Land Irrigation Capcaity 1000 KL / day. pH 7.0-7.8 7.5-8.0 7.0 – 7.5 5.5-9.0 TDS (ppm) 1500-2000 1200-1800 < 200 2100 Turbidity (NTU) 40-100 <2.0 Nil COD (ppm) 200-400 50 - 80 < 20 100 BOD (ppm) 100-200 10 - 20 < 5 30 DO (ppm) Nil 3-4 Colour Dark Grey Pale Yellow Clear White Odour Strong Odourless Odourless Bio-Assay -- 100% survival of fish after 96 hours in 100% effluent 90% Survival of Fish After 96 Hrs. in 100% Effluent Faecal Coliforms (MPN/100ml) > 10 6 < 10 3 < 100 < 10 3 India generates huge quantity of Sewage (around 60000 MLD) from every city, town & village As a result, more than 70 % of it is untreated & disposed causing pollution of water bodies United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 E X C E L C O N T R U B U T I O N Waste Water Treatment & Reuse
  26. 26. Biofilter treated water used for Agriculture20 KLD Lagoon Based Biofilter Plant Sewage Treated Water is a valuable for Dry land Agriculture United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019 E X C E L C O N T R U B U T I O N Zero Waste Village” 20KLD STP at Khanderaopura, Gujarat
  27. 27. United Nations Climate Change Conference COP25, Madrid, Spain, 3rd – 13th Dec’2019

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