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Powering dry areas by empowering food security under the context of climate change

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Dr. Mohamed Elies Hamza, President, Institution de la Recherche et de l'Enseignement Superieur Agricoles (IRESA), Tunisia

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Powering dry areas by empowering food security under the context of climate change

  1. 1. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 1 LEAP4FNSSA “North Africa Event” Cairo, Egypt, October 28th, 2019 Panel 1: Thematic priorities and topics to enhance an AU-EU Funders Alliances and a North Africa Chapter on research and innovation on FNSSA Powering dry areas by empowering food security under the context of climate change Prof. Elies HAMZA Agricultural Research and High Education Institution (IRESA) Tunisia
  2. 2. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 2 Presentation plan 1. Outline and context 2. Critical factors 3. Most pressing related thematic priority 4. Key actors 5. Achievable goals 6. Take home messages
  3. 3. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 3 Food security is a very big concern having serious implications on: • Socio-economic development, environmental management, small farming under rain-fed conditions “source of life of the majority of poors “ 1. Outlook & context Three interacting factors influencing food challenges: • Extreme poverty in rural areas associated with serious impacts (migration, etc.) • Environmental degradation • Climate variability & change Linkage between food, climate change & resilience
  4. 4. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 4 Tunisian Context • Agricultural production, livestock farming and fishing cover a large part of the nutritional needs of the population • The effects of climate change are leading to a high risk of a decline in agricultural production, as well as a deterioration in national food security as the population increases further by 10% by 2030. • The predictions presented in 2007 showed that by 2050: temperatures could increase by 1.8°C, precipitation could decrease by 10% and even more • These trends would result in significant impacts on the country's strategic agricultural production such as cereals, olive growing, extensive livestock farming and fishing and would further undermine national food security. • The agricultural sector has been listed as a national adaptation priority • Food security is an important part of the National Adaptation Plan process
  5. 5. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 5 5 Natural ressources protection  Climate change adaptation  Sustainable & resilient agriculture  Food & nutrition Security Boosting the profitability of Agriculture? Vulnerability & low efficiency of production systems Taking actions:
  6. 6. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 6 Food security in Tunisia: Several factors can affect Stability, among which: • Irregularity of national harvests • Volatility of prices of imported products on international markets and their high level since 2008 • Instability of food export prices (olive oil, fruit) The climate change leads to tensions, on national and international markets ...
  7. 7. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 7 Tunisian Adaptation Strategy • Since 2007, Tunisia has been striving to develop a national agriculture strategy for climate change. • Facing strong challenge in governance and effective integration of adaptation into agricultural policies and farmers' practices. • Necessity to assess the effects of climate change on agricultural production and food security and to propose adaptation options to promote more climate-resilient agriculture that can enhance national food security. • To Provide an accurate, quantified, spatialized and shared assessment of the vulnerability of the agricultural sector in Tunisia.
  8. 8. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 8 2. Critical factors ( for success/limitations ) • For success: Participatory, interdisciplinary and holistic approaches, strong relationship between research-development and extension, appropriate funding, commitment of farmers’ representations • Limitations: Low funding of agricultural research and extension 3. Most pressing related thematic priorities • Enhancing sustainable water productivity • Germplasm conservation and crop Improvement • Managing salinity to enhance food security • Integrated livestock-based production systems • Policies, strategies and initiatives to cope with climate change and to fight desertification
  9. 9. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 9 4. Key actors • NARS, development and extension organizations, farmers, international centers (e.g. CGIAR centres, CIHEAM, ICBA, etc.) 5. Achievable goals • Conserve and optimize water productivity • Creation of improved varieties of field crops that have high yield potentials and that are tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses • Developing seed systems • Reducing yield gaps (plants and livestock) • Controlling salinity (water desalinization) • Living with salts (use of halophytes, salt-tolerant crops, etc.) • Develop technical, institutional, policies options for the integration of marginal waters (saline water, treated used water)
  10. 10. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 10 5. Achievable goals • Assessment of climate vulnerability factors and identification of options • Quantification of CC impacts on productivity and adaptation areas of the main crops and agrosystems • Exchange at regional level of available technologies and approaches that are ready for scaling up to enhance food security and improve livelihoods in the dry areas
  11. 11. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 11 6. In conclusion some Take home messages  Farmers and producers are challenged to produce more with less inputs mainly water  Research-development and extension should collaborate to disseminate at large scale the available technologies that could bridge the production gaps  Prospective research to come up with scenarios of agriculture development under the context of emerging challenges (population growth, degradation of natural resources, climate change and variability  The dry countries should work together to reach food and nutrition security
  12. 12. LEAP4FNSSSA ● Kick Off Meeting ● 1st General Assembly 1st Steering Committee ● January 30th - February 1st 2019 12 Thank you

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