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FAO side event at the Global Forum for
Innovations in Agriculture
Abu Dhabi
20-21 March 2017
From Farm to Market: The impo...
2 billion smallholder
farmers—men,
women and children -
have been the engine
of growth producing
70% of all global food
ICARDA supports research and
innovative science for
improving the livelihoods of
resource-poor farmers in the
dry areas to...
4
How Does ICARDA Support Smallholders?
 Produces cutting-edge science
 Promotes technologies, knowledge, capacity
devel...
5
ICARDA Unleashes the Productive Potential of Small Farmers in the Drylands
 In low potential and marginal
drylands: hel...
6
Examples of Research Achievements to Support Smallholders in the Dry Areas
 Crop Improvement for yield potential & for
...
Drought Tolerant Chickpea Variety Survived 2007 Drought in Turkey
• Kabuli chickpea, ‘Gokce’, developed by
Turkish and ICA...
8
Chickpea Certified Seed Production in Turkey: 2012-2016
Year
Total Certified
Seed Prod. (t)
ICARDA
Origin (t)
ICARDA
%
2...
“Frike” A Family Endeavor for Health and the Market
 Stable food in WANA: made from early
harvested green grains of durum...
10
“Frike” Improving the Welfare of Smallholders
ICARDA Scientists:
 Developed and supported uptake of drought-
tolerant ...
• Diversifies production
and diets
• Generates
employment and
income for men and
women
• Improves water use
efficiency
Pro...
Increases yields per unit of
water, space and energy
through protected agriculture
and soilless culture:
• UAE: hydroponic...
Enhancing Water Productivity
 More efficient irrigation systems: enhancing
water productivity through modernization of
ir...
Practice Conventional
methods
New developed
technologies
Impact
Irrigation Drip Subsurface - 30-40% water saving without
r...
15
Women and men smallholders from
the West Bank and Gaza visit Jordan
to exchange practical knowledge on
waste/greywater ...
16
Field Days & Awareness Sessions for the Safe Use of Treated Grey/Wastewater in Irrigation
 15 field days were conducte...
Successful Technologies in Farmers Fields: Development of Integrated
Crop/Rangelands/Livestock Production Systems
 Feed b...
Adding Value: Small Holder Livestock Production
19
Value addition: Improved milking and processing
Research steps :
 Assess local knowledge and identify problems with
re...
20
Challenges and further work
 Challenges to reach millions of smallholder farmers;
 Challenges associated with an enab...
21
The New ICARDA: A Futuristic Strategy for 2017-2026
ICARDA Strategy 2017-2026: A new strategic approach for delivering
...
22
Our Vision: thriving and resilient dryland communities
Creating Value for our Stakeholders
Creating value for our stake...
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From Farm to Market: The importance of smallholder farmers for the agricultural value chain in the MENA region: Experiences from ICARDA’s Research for Development Efforts

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FAO side event at the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture, Global Forum for Innovation in agriculture (GIFA), Abu Dhabi, 20-21 MArch, 2017

Published in: Environment
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From Farm to Market: The importance of smallholder farmers for the agricultural value chain in the MENA region: Experiences from ICARDA’s Research for Development Efforts

  1. 1. FAO side event at the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture Abu Dhabi 20-21 March 2017 From Farm to Market: The importance of smallholder farmers for the agricultural value chain in the MENA region: Experiences from ICARDA’s Research for Development Efforts Andrew Noble Deputy Director General ICARDA
  2. 2. 2 billion smallholder farmers—men, women and children - have been the engine of growth producing 70% of all global food
  3. 3. ICARDA supports research and innovative science for improving the livelihoods of resource-poor farmers in the dry areas to reduce poverty, food and nutritional insecurity and environmental degradation in the face of climate change….
  4. 4. 4 How Does ICARDA Support Smallholders?  Produces cutting-edge science  Promotes technologies, knowledge, capacity development & policies  Develops and enhances strategic partnerships across the R-D continuum  Supports functional value chains and viable off- farm activities for diversified incomes and improved livelihoods  Focuses on women & youth empowerment for inclusive & equitable growth
  5. 5. 5 ICARDA Unleashes the Productive Potential of Small Farmers in the Drylands  In low potential and marginal drylands: helping smallholders to develop strategies and tools to minimize the risk they face and reduce their vulnerability  Higher-potential drylands regions: supporting smallholders to sustainably intensify their agricultural production systems
  6. 6. 6 Examples of Research Achievements to Support Smallholders in the Dry Areas  Crop Improvement for yield potential & for abiotic and biotic stresses  Intensification & diversification of cropping systems  High value crops & protected agriculture  Improving water availability and management & grey water use  Integrated livestock/rangelands/crops production systems & added value dairy products in marginal dry areas
  7. 7. Drought Tolerant Chickpea Variety Survived 2007 Drought in Turkey • Kabuli chickpea, ‘Gokce’, developed by Turkish and ICARDA scientists withstood severe drought in Turkey and produced when most other crops failed in 2007. • A yield advantage of 300 kg/ha over other varieties, and world prices over USD 1000/t, this represented an additional USD 165 million for small Turkish farmers in 2007 alone.
  8. 8. 8 Chickpea Certified Seed Production in Turkey: 2012-2016 Year Total Certified Seed Prod. (t) ICARDA Origin (t) ICARDA % 2012 1240 1155 93 2013 1603 1535 96 2014 2031 1623 80 2015 2305 1981 86 2016 3916 3544 91 “Gokce” today has been replaced by new ICARDA cultivars that account for about 90% of the total production of certified chickpea seeds. The main cultivars
  9. 9. “Frike” A Family Endeavor for Health and the Market  Stable food in WANA: made from early harvested green grains of durum wheat  Important source of income for rural families in marginal areas  Highly nutritious: high protein, fiber, vitamins (thiamin and riboflavin) and minerals (Ca, Fe, Zn), low carbohydrate, rich in prebiotic properties, low glycemic index  High value addition in established markets  High labor requirements: grains are harvested, parched, roasted and dried---village industry. Involves the entire family
  10. 10. 10 “Frike” Improving the Welfare of Smallholders ICARDA Scientists:  Developed and supported uptake of drought- tolerant durum wheat varieties with improved traits for the production of fresh & dried frike.  Strengthened the organizational capacity of farmers to engage in seed multiplication, processing, storage & distribution by establishing farmer cooperatives.  Researched constraints: high production costs, inefficient roasting techniques, labor shortages, poor access to markets, health issues  Quantified the contribution of Frike processing to household incomes: twice the profit of unprocessed grain, contributing 30-40% of total income in poor households. https://www.slideshare.net/ifad/3- miloudi-m-nachit-durum-ifad-icarda- aleppo-workshop-2629-october
  11. 11. • Diversifies production and diets • Generates employment and income for men and women • Improves water use efficiency Protected Agriculture for Smallholders in Yemen and Jordan
  12. 12. Increases yields per unit of water, space and energy through protected agriculture and soilless culture: • UAE: hydroponics saves about 120m3 of water to produce one ton of tomato compared to conventional soil systems under protected agriculture • higher water productivity: 28.2 versus 2.8 Kg/m3 for tomatoes • 6.7 versus 1.2 Kg/m3 for pepper • higher quality of crop and easier control of pesticides and diseases. Protected Agriculture vs Open Fields: High Initial Investment Costs and High Skills Needed But……..
  13. 13. Enhancing Water Productivity  More efficient irrigation systems: enhancing water productivity through modernization of irrigation systems and improving the efficiency of surface irrigation  Modifying cropping patterns towards high value crops  Supplemental irrigation  Water harvesting: macro- and micro-water catchments & contour planting  Deficit irrigation  Watershed management  Promoting the use the safe marginal water
  14. 14. Practice Conventional methods New developed technologies Impact Irrigation Drip Subsurface - 30-40% water saving without reduction in date production Pollination Manual Liquid - Saves time and effort - Less quantity of pollen - Reduction of the cost to 89% Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Pesticides IPM - Reduces the environmental effect of pesticides, - Improves the date palm production by: 30-40% Post harvesting (Drying dates) Traditional techniques Polycarbonate house - Improves the quality of the fruits - Avoids the contamination - Saves more than 30% of the losses of production Technology packages Developed by GCC Date Palm Project: Saving Water and Reducing Production Costs
  15. 15. 15 Women and men smallholders from the West Bank and Gaza visit Jordan to exchange practical knowledge on waste/greywater use in irrigation Knowledge Exchange: Waste/Greywater Reuse for Gaza & West Bank Smallholders
  16. 16. 16 Field Days & Awareness Sessions for the Safe Use of Treated Grey/Wastewater in Irrigation  15 field days were conducted I  West Bank and Gaza attended by 165 farmers  Brochures on safety and productive use guidelines were distributed
  17. 17. Successful Technologies in Farmers Fields: Development of Integrated Crop/Rangelands/Livestock Production Systems  Feed blocks using crop residues and agro-industrial by-products  Improved rams  Early weaning  Improved barley cultivars  Rotations of barley with forage legumes  Improved flock management  Pasture rehabilitation  On-Farm feed production  Fodder shrubs
  18. 18. Adding Value: Small Holder Livestock Production
  19. 19. 19 Value addition: Improved milking and processing Research steps :  Assess local knowledge and identify problems with researchable solution  Identify available technologies or develop suitable technology  Integrate the proposed solution with the local knowledge Example: Yoghurt processing in Syria Problem: High acidity and weak texture Solution:  Improved yogurt with high viscosity that does not collapse during transport  Market price was 5 Syrian Lira more per kg than the yogurt produced by farmers
  20. 20. 20 Challenges and further work  Challenges to reach millions of smallholder farmers;  Challenges associated with an enabling environment: policies, institutions, services and access to resources, credit, insurance, infrastructure and social safety nets and markets and a voice in policy making;  Challenges associated with gender and social equality  Challenges in finding opportunities to making agriculture innovative and interesting to the NENA Youth
  21. 21. 21 The New ICARDA: A Futuristic Strategy for 2017-2026 ICARDA Strategy 2017-2026: A new strategic approach for delivering innovative science based solutions for thriving and resilient drylands building on 40 years of past achievements, lessons learned and successful partnerships and investments
  22. 22. 22 Our Vision: thriving and resilient dryland communities Creating Value for our Stakeholders Creating value for our stakeholders • Improved livelihood outcomes in drylands through reduction poverty (SLO1), increased food and nutrition security (SLO2) and sustainable natural resources management (SLO3) • Delivering demand-driven research that is translated into practice

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