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Improving the Food Security and Climate Change 
Adaptability of Livestock Producers using the 
Rainfed Barley-based System...
Goal and Objective 
Goal: Improved food security, livelihoods, and climate 
change adaptability for poor rural households ...
Project components and their associated 
outputs 
 Ready-to-use options and technologies, that will 
assist communities t...
Outputs 
 Climate-change proofing technologies for barley-based 
systems successfully demonstrated with 
community partic...
Target Groups 
 Poor farmers and communities whose livelihoods are 
dependent on the barely-livestock based system 
Wome...
ICARDA Programs/Units involved in the project 
DSIPS, SPER, BIGM, GU 
CODIS, CDU 
Partners 
NARI 
MoA 
Metrological Depart...
Target Site in Iraq: Ninevah Governorate
Target Site in Jordan: Karak Governorate
Component 1: 
Ready to Use Technologies developed for adaptation and adoption 
Demonstrate under farmers’ field conditions...
852 
3228 
705 
2871 
3500 
3000 
2500 
2000 
1500 
1000 
500 
0 
Grain yield Biological yield 
Zero Tillage 
Farmer pract...
Using press wheel in 
the ZT seeder 
improve water 
harvesting and soil 
moisture 
conservation
Alley cropping of barley with Atriplex using water 
harvesting and conservation agriculture (Zero-tillage) 
To diversify a...
Improve feed 
quality 
Hay production from 
Barley-vetch mixtures
Development of feeding strategy for winter feeding based 
on barley and vetch hay: Reducing the feeding gap by 
increased ...
Improve small ruminant productivity 
 Reproduction improvement 
 Vaccination against major 
disease 
 Distribution of g...
Reproductive Biotechnologies to Support 
Delivery of Improved Awassi 
Main achievements: 
1. Setting up a functional labor...
Application of a holistic package to improve 
reproductive outcome in Iraq project sites (Setta, 
Sheikh Ibrahim, Khowitla...
Enhancing dairy processing skills and market access of 
rural women in Jordan 
- Characterization of the 
socioeconomic co...
Benefits of the improved processing method at the 
level of a village of 10,000 inhabitants, 40,000 sheep in 
Central Jord...
Introduce Bee keeping as an income generating 
activity: improve the nutrition of the household 
members and improve famil...
Component 2: Climate Change Adaptability 
Downscaling exercise of Climate Change Modeling 
Changes in agroclimatic zones o...
Downscaling at the Governorate level
Publication of the Climate Change Atlas
Component 2: Climate Change Adaptability
The Iraqi farmers’ Families and Iraqi scientists in their 
visit to the West Asia Regional Program in Amman 
Discussion am...
Knowledge dissemination 
• Flyers 
• Posters 
• Manuals
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION WORKSHOP 
3 October 2013, Amman, Jordan 
Attended by 55 participants from 
Jordan and Iraq, ICAR...
Project web site 
A project web site was developed and some information on 
the project was posted. Project activities, ne...
Thank You
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Improving the food security and climate change adaptability of livestock producers using the rainfed barley based system

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Improving the food security and climate change adaptability of livestock producers using the rainfed barley based system

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Improving the food security and climate change adaptability of livestock producers using the rainfed barley based system

  1. 1. Improving the Food Security and Climate Change Adaptability of Livestock Producers using the Rainfed Barley-based System in Iraq and Jordan (IFAD Grant 1240-ICARDA) Duration: four years (2011-2014) Dr Nasri Haddad, Dr Abderahim Bawalize, Dr Maan Salah. ICARDA Planning Meeting, 19-23 January 2014 Amman-Jordan
  2. 2. Goal and Objective Goal: Improved food security, livelihoods, and climate change adaptability for poor rural households in rainfed areas dependant on barley and livestock production. Objective: Increased productivity and climate change resilience of farming communities in targeted areas of Jordan and Iraq. Budget: 1,500.000 US$
  3. 3. Project components and their associated outputs  Ready-to-use options and technologies, that will assist communities to cope with expected climate change impacts, effectively transferred to the target groups  Enhanced understanding and awareness of the impacts of climate change and response options, at the national and community level.
  4. 4. Outputs  Climate-change proofing technologies for barley-based systems successfully demonstrated with community participation  Improved livestock husbandry and processing technologies, that enable communities to cope with climate change, are successfully demonstrated  Extension agents’ capabilities and mechanisms to respond to farmer needs are improved.  Understanding and awareness of the impacts of CC and adaptation options are enhanced at the policy-maker and at the community level.
  5. 5. Target Groups  Poor farmers and communities whose livelihoods are dependent on the barely-livestock based system Women who are responsible for livestock production and product processing  National agricultural research and extension institutions  Policy makers at the national and regional levels are also direct beneficiaries from the CCA recommendations
  6. 6. ICARDA Programs/Units involved in the project DSIPS, SPER, BIGM, GU CODIS, CDU Partners NARI MoA Metrological Departments Universities NGOs Development projects Farmers and sheep producers IFAD Agricultural Resource Management Project – Phase II (ARMP-II): The project is working with ongoing activities related to livestock improvement and natural resource conservation developed by. ARMP II
  7. 7. Target Site in Iraq: Ninevah Governorate
  8. 8. Target Site in Jordan: Karak Governorate
  9. 9. Component 1: Ready to Use Technologies developed for adaptation and adoption Demonstrate under farmers’ field conditions the potential of drought tolerant barley varieties Jordan: Muata, Adrouh and local landraces. Iraq: Zanbaka, and Local landrace
  10. 10. 852 3228 705 2871 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Grain yield Biological yield Zero Tillage Farmer practice Jordan KG/ha Conservation Agriculture is used as an adaptation strategy to climate change; Conserve soil moisture, improve yield, reduce cost and protect the environment Iraq Grain Yield Kg/ha 860 460 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Zero Tillage Farmer pracice Locally manufactured ZT seed drill
  11. 11. Using press wheel in the ZT seeder improve water harvesting and soil moisture conservation
  12. 12. Alley cropping of barley with Atriplex using water harvesting and conservation agriculture (Zero-tillage) To diversify and improve feed availability, minimize risk of single crop plantation and maximize farmers’ incomes from the small ruminants new feed source.
  13. 13. Improve feed quality Hay production from Barley-vetch mixtures
  14. 14. Development of feeding strategy for winter feeding based on barley and vetch hay: Reducing the feeding gap by increased production of forages during the shortage period Treatment: Improved diet (2/3 barley and vetch hay and 1/3 concentrate) Control: Conventional diet (Barley grains, wheat bran and straw) Measurements Farmers 4 Total no of ewes (n) 36 36 Milk production (kg/ewe/day) 0.79 0.91 (15% increase) Lambs mortality (%) 7.8 4.1 (47% decrease)
  15. 15. Improve small ruminant productivity  Reproduction improvement  Vaccination against major disease  Distribution of genetically improved rams and artificial insemination from improved breeds  Improving the milk processing skills and market access of women
  16. 16. Reproductive Biotechnologies to Support Delivery of Improved Awassi Main achievements: 1. Setting up a functional laboratory of sheep A.I. in El-Karak 2. Building-up a well-trained national team 3. Achieving satisfactory conception rates in farmers flocks > 40%
  17. 17. Application of a holistic package to improve reproductive outcome in Iraq project sites (Setta, Sheikh Ibrahim, Khowitlaa and Tall Asmair) Measurements Control Treatment Farmers 10 Total no of ewes (n) 200 200 Ewes lambing 110 160 Lambs born 115 198 Fertility (%) 55 80 Twining rate (%) 5 24
  18. 18. Enhancing dairy processing skills and market access of rural women in Jordan - Characterization of the socioeconomic conditions, dairy processing and marketing methods in 4 target villages in El-Karak governorate – Quality of Jameed improved through hygienic processing – Improved method of making Jameed for small-scale dairy processors developed • Saves 60-70% of water consumed 80 70 60 50 40 30 during processing • Saves 60-70% of energy 0 20 10 Water and energy consumption by processing method Traditional Modified Water Energy
  19. 19. Benefits of the improved processing method at the level of a village of 10,000 inhabitants, 40,000 sheep in Central Jordan ICARDAs’ improved processing method Increase ghee yield 8.5 tons Energy saving at least 60% Reduce water consumption Saving at least 216 m3 Increase in net income 8%
  20. 20. Introduce Bee keeping as an income generating activity: improve the nutrition of the household members and improve family income
  21. 21. Component 2: Climate Change Adaptability Downscaling exercise of Climate Change Modeling Changes in agroclimatic zones of Iraq Significant changes were found in the agroclimatic (ACZ) zones of Iraq . The map shows the changes between current climatic and projected climatic conditions for 2010-2040 under change scenario A1b. 1.
  22. 22. Downscaling at the Governorate level
  23. 23. Publication of the Climate Change Atlas
  24. 24. Component 2: Climate Change Adaptability
  25. 25. The Iraqi farmers’ Families and Iraqi scientists in their visit to the West Asia Regional Program in Amman Discussion among Iraqi and Jordanian women farmers related to their activities in milk processing
  26. 26. Knowledge dissemination • Flyers • Posters • Manuals
  27. 27. CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION WORKSHOP 3 October 2013, Amman, Jordan Attended by 55 participants from Jordan and Iraq, ICARDA, IFAD, farmers and decision makers. Objective: to review how the results of research on dryland technologies, obtained through this or other related projects, can be used for adaptation to the climate change The workshop was structured into 3 main sessions:  Climate change assessment  Dryland technologies for adaptation to climate change  Conclusions/recommendations for managing climate change in Iraq and Jordan
  28. 28. Project web site A project web site was developed and some information on the project was posted. Project activities, new information, and project findings, following their verification, will be uploaded to the site. The site is part of the ICARDA web page and can be accessed through the link http://www.icarda.org/barley-livestock-systems/teaser
  29. 29. Thank You

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