Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Technology solutions for global challenges


Published on

Presentation given by Mike Bushell (Syngenta) at the 7th Brussels Development Briefing - Brussels, 16 October 2008 -

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Technology solutions for global challenges

  1. 1. Technology solutions for global challenges Mike Bushell Brussels 16 th October 2008
  2. 2. What’s Happening in Agriculture? <ul><li>Food price rises and protests worldwide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Era of cheap food may be over? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plenty of speculation as to why the prices have risen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reawakening of interest in Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media, International agencies, Governments, NGO’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanitarian responses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy development for the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wake up call to the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The real challenge lies in planning now for sustainable systems that will feed 8 billion people before 2025 and >9 billion before 2050 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The challenge of feeding 9 billion people <ul><li>The world must grow more crops on the currently available land to meet the increasing demand for food, feed and fuel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Yield gains: further increases needed and possible
  5. 5. Higher yields reduce poverty
  6. 6. Technologies for Yield <ul><li>How have we met the increased demand since 1950’s? </li></ul><ul><li>There are only 4 major technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanisation including irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthetic fertilisers (NPK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop Protection Chemicals (HIF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better seeds </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Drivers for agricultural fungal control : New disease issues and Resistance <ul><li>New disease pandemics can occur </li></ul><ul><li>Example : Soybean rust - dramatic yield losses (up to 80%). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid spread from Zimbabwe in 1998 to S. Africa, S. America and USA by 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Septoria tritici in EU wheat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strobilurin resistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid spread </li></ul></ul>Fungicide treated vs. untreated soya in Brazil
  8. 9. Formulation Science – a key technology area <ul><li>Example : Adjuvant can improve activity by : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing droplet spread - leaf uptake </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controlled Release </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate or extended action </li></ul></ul>No adjuvant With adjuvant
  9. 10. “ Seed enhancement system“ -> selected AI‘s in appropriate ratios -> seed technology (e.g. disinfection, priming, coating, pelleting) Seed Treatment Technology
  10. 11. Biotechnology provides powerful tools for seed innovation <ul><li>Biotechnology - Transgenic crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces genes from other species e.g. insect resistance, vitamin content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked traits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Precision breeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern techniques improve efficiency and speed of conventional breeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traits native to species (drought tolerance, enhanced yield, disease resistance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually complex multi-gene traits </li></ul></ul>Undifferentiated transformed plants under selection
  11. 12. Marker Assisted Trait Selection Early screening to reduce selection costs in germplasm improvement Healthy Diseased disease resistance marker ID’ed disease-resistant plants selected by markers DNA analysis of young plants
  12. 13. Meeting the demand for better food and more choice <ul><li>Our technology enhances the flavor and nutritional content in food </li></ul><ul><li>Kumato tomatoes are among the tastiest and juiciest you can buy </li></ul><ul><li>Dulcinea seedless watermelon have great sweet watermelon flavor with less waste </li></ul><ul><li>Toscanella tomato are a direct response to consumer demand for a tastier high quality tomato </li></ul>
  13. 14. Agricultural output suffering from unsustainable water use Source: World Bank, World Development Report 2008, p. 183 <ul><li>Water stress indicator in major basins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overexploited (more than 1.0) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavily exploited (0.8 to 1.0) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderately exploited (0.5 to 0.8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slightly exploited (0 to 0.5) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Food supply’ bubble </li></ul><ul><li>~15-35% of irrigation unsustainable </li></ul><ul><li>Depletion of aquifers for growing demand </li></ul><ul><li>Local water scarcities </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat yields, China: minus ~23% in 8 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton area, Australia: minus ~30% in 2 yrs </li></ul>Yellow River running dry on last 100 km: 1972: 15 days 1996: 133 days 1997: 226 days Lake Aral Only ~25% of original size Rio Grande failed to reach the Gulf of Mexico in 2001 for first time
  14. 15. Drought Tolerant Corn <ul><li>M ultiple new trait constructs currently in field trials </li></ul><ul><li>Native traits and functional genomics </li></ul><ul><li>Several lead gene candidates with excellent drought tolerance </li></ul>
  15. 16. WHEAT: Invinsa delayed senescence in both stems/leaves and heads when applied at flag leaf and/or heading stage Control Invinsa Chemical approaches to crop enhancement Invinsa UTC Oil
  16. 17. What is Sustainable food production? <ul><li>Strategies & Practices that promote the long term well being of the environment, society & the farming economy. To meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs* </li></ul>*Brundtland Commission Definition of Sustainable Development Improved Productivity Sustainable farming Triple bottom line – Economic, Social, Environmental Environmental Protection Welfare of Rural Communities
  17. 18. What is in a typical carbon footprint? Conventional Corn (Iowa, Rain-fed, 175 bu/ac) Note : footprints can also be developed for water and other elements of sustainability ~3 lb C/bu
  18. 19. Modern technologies play an important role in sustainable production Lower Impact Higher Impact Eliminating tillage Decreasing fuel use Optimizing Fertilizer Practices Preventing Pest Losses Cover crops and N 2 O Emissions Reducing Pesticide Applications Managing biodiversity Using less water and pumping energy The primary impact of CP is enabling other improvements
  19. 20. Corn and soybean– nitrogen use efficiency and drought tolerance traits
  20. 21. Syngenta CP products help in Sustainable Ag Improved water use efficiency Improved nitrogen use efficiency Optimal water solubility f or high efficiency drip irrigation Improved vigor and drought tolerance Improved water use efficiency Source: Syngenta Soybeans Brazil Untreated Examples
  21. 22. Improving root growth Agrisure RW Isoline Bt corn rootworm resistance Cruiser seed treatment
  22. 23. Sustainability factors <ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Waste </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul>Quantity & Quality Minimise use / Crop Footprint Minimise / Valorise as energy Economics / Reduce land use changes Fertility / Moisture / Erosion
  23. 24. Cover crop April Desiccated cover crop September Cover crop re-generated November Erosion on conventional plot September
  24. 25. Reduced methane production and water use in rice through no-till, hybrid rice and irrigation technology
  25. 26. Corn and Sugarcane ethanol efficiency improvement alpha-amylase Endogenous cellulase enzymes
  26. 27. Tropical sugarbeet in Sudan – new high yields in dry conditions
  27. 28. Protecting the environment … <ul><li>Our products help: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>farmers to adapt to changing climate conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to prevent soil erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to conserve water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To manage biodiversity locally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce the need to expand farmland into natural habitats </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Summary – Meeting the global challenge <ul><li>Technology is a critical component of the solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What we need is here today; promise of more for the future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The question is, how can we deploy technology safely in sustainable agricultural systems locally? </li></ul><ul><li>Many problems to be overcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technophobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure, Policy, Regulation, Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in creating a rural economy that sustains itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training – reinvigorating agricultural extension services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effective Public Private Partnerships </li></ul>
  29. 30. Our company