DRR_2014_August2014

553 views

Published on

5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

DRR_2014_August2014

  1. 1. PREVENTIVE COMMUNITY RELOCATIONS: INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND CONSTRAINTS FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION STRATEGIES IDRC DAVOS 2014 Robin Bronen, JD, PhD University of Alaska Fairbanks rbronen@yahoo.com
  2. 2. August 6, 2014: Kotzebue, Alaska Record temperature: 23 Celsius
  3. 3. Arctic Sea Ice: September 2012 Robin Bronen, JD, PhD University of Alaska Fairbanks rbronen@yahoo.com Arctic Sea Ice extent September 2012
  4. 4. CLIMigration: Climate-Induced Community Displacement • SEA LEVEL RISE: 10% of world population lives 10 meters or less above sea level • EROSION – thawing permafrost combined with decreased sea ice • FLOODING Climate change will cause permanent relocation Permanent relocation requires new adaptive governance institutions Must be based in human rights doctrine Robin Bronen Resilience and Adaptation Program rbronen@yahoo.com
  5. 5. Vendee France Aftermath of extreme weather event: ad hoc process to determine ‘no build zones’ Philippines – Tacloban – Typhoon Haiyan, 2014 France – Vendee – Storm Xynthia, 2010 Robin Bronen, JD, PhD University of Alaska Fairbanks rbronen@yahoo.com Tacloban, Philippines
  6. 6. Map of Papua New Guinea
  7. 7. Marau village, Bougainville - 5 family homes (September 2012)
  8. 8. Background of Fiji Vunidogoloa Village was identified for relocation in 2010 after the events of Tropical Cyclone Thomas. Village was succumbing to flooding during heavy rain and during high tide. This was posing health concerns due to the lack of proper waste disposal and also on the community housing as sea water intrusion exposed the pine post to rotting.
  9. 9. DYNAMIC ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE RESPONSE BASED IN HUMAN RIGHTS Protection in Place: Disaster relief and hazard mitigation Multi-level social-ecological monitoring and assessments: Social-ecological indicators : • Repetitive loss of structure; • Imminent danger to community; • Community has no further ability to mitigate through flood protection, erosion control; • Loss of livelihoods; public health; • Predicted sea level rise, erosion and flooding Relocation – human rights protections, including collective right to self-determination Robin Bronen, JD, PhD University of Alaska Fairbanks rbronen@yahoo.com
  10. 10. Thank YOU Robin Bronen, JD, PhD University of Alaska Fairbanks rbronen@yahoo.com

×