West Africa regional


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5th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2014 Integrative Risk Management - The role of science, technology & practice 24-28 August 2014 in Davos, Switzerland

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  • - ecosystem capacities to deliver goods and services, such as protection of people and their belongings, as well as for reduction of exposure
  • Cheaper because designed by those who will implement them with local natural resources

    MULTI RESULTS as they respond to short term needs such as food and energy, as well to longer term issues such as risk reduction and climate change adaptation

    Good approaches to poverty reduction
  • West Africa regional

    1. 1. Strengthening Local Climate Change Adaptation and DRR Strategies in West Africa Implementing Ecosystem-Based DRR Jean-Marc Garreau IUCN - West and Central Africa Programme
    2. 2. © An old reality in the Sahel • Droughts and decrease rainfall during last 40 years • More disasters anywhere, at various geographical levels, sometimes very limited in space • Slow onset and long term consequences • Affect poor people in degraded natural environment • Invisible – unrecorded small disasters
    3. 3. © Two Sahelian sites • In Senegal, communities coastal areas facing floods, soil and water salinity • In Burkina Faso communities facing droughts and floods, sometimes during the same year • Population is growing fast in a context of poverty • Facing rapid environmental degradation • Communities get limited support from the State • Infrastructures are insufficient Senegal Burkina Faso
    4. 4. © Plan the change with disasters and climate change • Using a kit of eleven tools already known such as CRiSTAL, journal of incidence, climateproofing,… • Support the communities to assess their vulnerability, build DRR/adaptation strategies, plan and monitor their progress • Selected techniques : soil restoration, vegetation cover restoration • Improving access rules and governance is an important dimension of the strategies
    5. 5. © Adapted response • Adapted to local needs and practices, cheap and easily accessible as based on : - ecosystem goods and services, such as protection of people and their belongings, as well as for reduction of exposure - complex local knowledge and knowhow • The project aims at - demonstrating the best techniques and strategies with support of science - supporting dissemination of CC adaptation tools, approaches and dialogues to reduce communities’ vulnerability
    6. 6. © Factors ensuring success • Flexible and locally managed • Adapted to local practices, social and technological preferences • Cheaper because designed by those who will implement them • Reproducible at various scales • Equitable, accessible to most people • Strengthen the capacities of stakeholders to satisfy their own needs even without disasters • Multi results : short term and long term needs
    7. 7. © Involving key stakeholders • Build capacities of local, sub national governments, State technical services, to mainstream DRR and CC adaptation into local and sub regional development plans • Build linkages between local to national stakeholders through – multiple scale planning and steering committees – local fair on climate change – exchange visits • Approach integrated into national development policies for - food security, - infrastructure development and for climate change adaptation and - against desertification
    8. 8. © Challenges • Bring prevention as a national strategy • Decision makers too much focused on : – Science and modern style solutions – Large infrastructure solutions • Incomplete decentralisation process because of limited trust in local capacities • Limited research support
    9. 9. © Added value for the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction • How did your work support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action: – Reducing vulnerability of rural communities • From your perspective what are the main gaps, needs and further steps to be addressed in the Post 2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in – Research: Enhance ecosystems services, natural infrastructure for DRR – Education & Training: – Implementation & Practice: Build on local knowledge and capacities – Policy: Enhance prevention approaches and integrate natural solutions
    10. 10. © Main text + picture Subtitle Thank you http://iucn.paco