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Modern age in spain 17


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Modern age in spain 17

  1. 1. 5.-THE MODERN AGE IN SPAIN 5.1.-End of the 15th century.
  2. 2. 5.1.1- THE CATHOLIC KINGS ISABEL AND FERNANDO. espana-reyes-catolicos/847425/
  3. 3. - They were intolerant toward other religions, and persecuted Jews and Muslims. - They conquered new territories, -the Canary Islands (1496) and Melilla (1497). - They gave money to Columbus for the journey in which he discovered America.
  4. 4. 5.1.2-THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA During the 15th and 16th centuries, many geographic discoveries took place. In 1492, Christopher Columbus started a journey to the East Indies, with money from the Catholic Kings. He had three ships. During that journey, Columbus discovered America. Niña Santa María Pinta )
  6. 6. Francisco Pizarro discovered Peru in 1531 Hernán Cortés discovered Mexico in 1520 Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 completed the first of the Earth Ferdinand Magellan was Portuguese. He was killed in the Phillipines. Circumnavegation Juan Sebastían Elcano continued Magellan´s expedition
  8. 8. 5.2.- THE 16TH CENTURY. Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad
  9. 9. 10 Spain became the centre of an enormous, international empire. The empire included territories in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. 5.2.1- THE SPANISH EMPIRE
  10. 10. The dynasty of Habsburgs began with Charles I, the grandson of the Catholic Kings. Charles was the eldest son of Philip the handsome and Joanna the Mad. 5.2.2- THE HABSBURGS: CARLOS I & FELIPE II
  11. 11. The first members of the Habsburg Dynasty were Charles I and Philip II, his son. They ruled during the 16th century and dominated Europe. MAKE A FACTFILE OF BOTH KINGS.
  12. 12. The End
  13. 13. NAME: CHARLES I SPAIN V GERMANY BORN: DIED: REIGNED: MARRIED: CHILDREN: SOMETHING SPECIAL:. 1500 1558 1516-1556 Isabella of Portugal (his cousin) PHILIP II He did not speak Spanish when he came. Monasterio De Yuste.
  14. 14. 15 NAME: PHILIP II BORN: DIED: REIGNED: MARRIED: CHILDREN: SOMETHING SPECIAL: 1527 1598 1556-1598 Four wifes (MARY I Queen of England) PHILIP III He was called the Prudent. El escorial
  15. 15. Santa Teresa de Jesús At the beginning of the 16th century, the most important painter in Spain was El Greco. El Greco In Spanish literature, the most important writers were Santa Teresa de Jesús and Garcilaso de la Vega. Garcilaso De la Vega
  16. 16. -This century was a period of social and economic crisis. Spain was no longer a the most powerful country In Europe. -The population declined because of plague epidemics, bad harvest, the Expulsion of Moors and many wars. 5.3- THE 17th Century. 5.3.1- The Crisis
  17. 17. -Commercial activity declined because of the decrease in population and lack of money.
  18. 18. The next Habsburg Kings were Philip III, Philip IV and Charles II. They had many problems because there was an economic crisis in Europe. PHILIP IV CHARLES IIPHILIP III 5.3.2- THE HABSBURGS
  19. 19. 5.3.2- The Hasburgs: Phillip III, Phillip IV and Charles II. They had many problems because there was an economic crisis in Europe.
  20. 20. 5.3.2- The Hasburgs: Phillip III, Phillip IV and Charles II. King Philip III of Spain. He was called “ The Pious” . He was a very religous person. He expulsed the Moriscos and he was also the King of Portugal. King Philip IV of Spain. He was called “The Great” or “The Planet King”. He reigned for 44 years . He let the goverment to count duke of Olivares.
  21. 21. CHARLES II He was called “ the Bewitched”. He had physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities. He was not able to have descendants. 5.3.2- The Hasburgs: Phillip III, Phillip IV and Charles II.
  23. 23. 5.3.3- THE GOLDEN AGE Despite the Crisis this was an important period for literature and art. In Spanish art there were great painters, like Ribera, Murillo,Zurbarán and especially Velazquez.
  24. 24. Murillo Velázquez Zurbarán La InmaculadaConcepción La InmaculadaConcepción Las Meninas
  25. 25. In Spanish literature, the greatest writers were Quevedo, Góngora, Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca and Miguel de Cervantes. GóngoraLope de Vega Calderón de la Barca Miguel de Cervantes Don Quijote de la Mancha Fuenteovejuna Fábula de Polifemo y Galatea La Vida es sueño
  27. 27. 5.4.- THE 18TH CENTURY. 5.4.1- THE REFORMS Agicultural production improved, because large territories were cultivated. They cultivated corn and potatoes from America. Industry developed: textiles, porcelain, glass… Trade with America increased and many new companies were formed. In the book
  28. 28. When King Charles II died in 1700, the War of Succession began, to decide who would be the new king. As a result, Spain lost power in Europe, and a new dynasty replaced the Habsburgs: the Bourbon Dinasty. 5.4.2- THE BOURBON DINASTY
  29. 29. 5.4.2- THE BOURBONS: Philip V, Ferdinand VI, Charles III and Charles IV Charles III was king during the Enlightenment, and he started many new plans to modernise Spain. He was known as the best major of Madrid. The first Bourbon king was Philip V, He was grandson of Louis XIV of France Ferdinand VI was called the Learnt and worked for the peace. Charles IV left the power to his wife Mary Louise and Prime Minister Godoy
  30. 30. During the 18th century, another world-famous painter from Spain was Francisco de Goya.