The international open access landscape

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Carrie Calder, Head of Marketing, BioMed Central speaking at Open Access Africa 2010

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The international open access landscape

  1. 1. The international open access landscape Carrie Calder Head of Marketing, BioMed Central
  2. 2. Scope • The open access landscape and its growth • Open access and impact • Managing the cost of OA publishing • The future…
  3. 3. Where is open access in 2010? • There are over 5600 open access journals in the DOAJ • Over 1000 open access journals are indexed by ISI • Open access to research is now mandated in over 100 institutions and by 45 funders. • Submissions to OA journals grew by over 44% between 2008 and 2009 • Open access firmly part of the mainstream..
  4. 4. Developments within OA landscape
  5. 5. Developments within OA landscape • Mandates and policies • Journals • Submissions
  6. 6. Open access policies 30/06/2008 31/03/2009 03/31/2010 Institutional 20 31 87 Funder 23 35 44 Departmental 4 6 21 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160Numberofmandates Growth in mandates Data courtesy of www.openscholarship.org
  7. 7. Policy highlights • 46 funder policies including RCUK, Wellcome Trust, NIH Public Access Policy • Institutional policies - 3 times as many policies than a year ago - Compact for open-access publishing equity (COPE) - Number of policies within Africa?.... Information on all policies available at www.eprints.org/openaccess/policysignup/
  8. 8. Call to action….
  9. 9. Open access journals 3/31/2006 3/31/2007 3/31/2008 31/03/2009 03/31/2010 No. of journals 2,158 2,618 3,302 3,999 4,863 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 Numberofjournals Growth of journals in the DOAJ
  10. 10. Increase in journals 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total journals 129 143 169 178 195 205 129 143 169 178 195 205 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Numberofjournals Growth in BioMed Central journal portfolio
  11. 11. BioMed Central submissions 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Submissions 6909 10806 15118 17206 21062 27128 35000 6909 10806 15118 17206 21062 27128 35000 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 Numberofsubmissions BioMed Central growth in submissions
  12. 12. Open access and impact
  13. 13. Open access and impact • Myths of OA • Challenges to prove quality • Impact Factors hard for new journals
  14. 14. BioMed Central journals with Impact Factors 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Numberofjournals Jun-00 Jun-01 Jun-02 Jun-03 Jun-04 Jun-05 Jun-06 Jun-07 Jun-08 Jun-09 Jun-10 Journals with IFs 0 1 3 6 10 15 25 27 42 57 77
  15. 15. Official Impact Factors
  16. 16. Open access having impact • Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date. - 27 of 31 show open access having a positive citation advantage - Where positive advantage - increase in citations varying from -5 to 600% http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/18516/
  17. 17. Article visibility
  18. 18. Increasing impact for a society journal
  19. 19. The cost of open access publishing
  20. 20. How do the finances work? • Article-processing charge (APC) Covers – Editorial: handling of manuscripts – Technical: development, maintenance and operation of online journal system – Production: Formatting and markup of articles, inclusion in indexing services – Marketing: Making sure readers and authors know about the journal – Customer service: Responding to authors/readers • Web technology is used to keep costs low
  21. 21. Open access publication charges • BioMed Central APC comparison page lists publishers’ open access charges • BioMed Central’s charges (~£995 / $1620) are at the lower end • For comparison, traditional publishers often charge $3000 or more for open access option, in addition to subscription charges http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/authors /apccomparison
  22. 22. Article-processing charges - who pays? • Authors may pay out of grant funds • Some funders provide a central fund for open access publishing costs • Institutions may cover costs centrally, on behalf of their authors, via BioMed Central Institutional Membership • Some titles cover costs themselves
  23. 23. Waiver fund
  24. 24. Institutional Membership • Supporter Membership Institution pays a flat fee, authors pay a discounted Article Processing Charge • Prepay Membership Institution covers cost of publication centrally, at a discounted rate • Shared Support Membership Institution and author share the cost the APC equally
  25. 25. BioMed Central Members
  26. 26. Future of open access…
  27. 27. Open access article share
  28. 28. Open access publishing, then and now… 2000 2010 And more…
  29. 29. Conclusions • Open access journals are proving to offer impact • Variety of payment routes for APCs being explored • Open access movement going from strength to strength • So much scope for more growth still, especially within Africa • CALL TO ACTION: what could you do?
  30. 30. Thank you carrie.calder@biomedcentral.com

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