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OAA12 - Open access: Current status and future plans.


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Deborah Kahn, Publishing Director, BioMed Central

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OAA12 - Open access: Current status and future plans.

  1. 1. Open access:current status and future plans Deborah Kahn Publishing Director, BioMed Central
  2. 2. Open access publishing Same quality andDifferent business model….. standards • no subscription • Editors in chief barriers • Editorial boards • universal access • Peer review • research is openly licensed to allow reuse • Indexing
  3. 3. Strong growth since 2000 25000 20000Number of papers 15000 Oxford Open BMC PLoS 10000 Hindawi Copernicus Springer Open Choice 5000 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year
  4. 4. Across all subject areas Anatomy of open access publishing: a study of longitudinal development and internal structure, Mikael Laakso and Bo-Christer Björk , BMC Medicine, 2012, 10: 124
  5. 5. And across the world
  6. 6. Some advantages of open access• Unlimited access to all who need it• Continuous publication – not limited by page budgets – Space allows inclusive policies• Focus on increasing visibility of articles through blogs, blurbs, tweets• Articles are openly licensed so can be reused• Allows text mining of data and literature• No limits on size, number of colour figures, videos, additional files…..
  7. 7. Enables new collaborations “ I received comments through my blog, Twitter network where I have over 6000 followers, Facebook which I use for professional reasons, and Friendfeed, where there is a scientific community...” “getting feedback online and being able to ask scientific questions (through crowdsourcing) were not surprising. What was surprising though is that scientists who work in the same field as us found us now easily and we managed to launch new collaborations based on this (we plan to share the data with a group in the US and combine our efforts for a new study). From this perspective, publishing in an open access journal can provide enormous opportunities if the communication methods of social media are also used by the authors properly and with strategy.” mesko-open-access-and-social-media/
  8. 8. Open access journals need to cover their costs• Managing peer review• Online journal systems• Formatting and mark up of articles• Inclusion in indexing services• Making sure readers and authors know about the journal
  9. 9. How do costs get coveredJournals with that income source Page charges Re-prints Conference fee Services Data from the SOAP Large publishers Other publishers study, http://project-
  10. 10. Waiver fund for authors in low- income countries Applies to all low and low-middle income countries that have GDP<$200bn >5% of total articles are being published under scheme
  11. 11. BioMed Central• Launched first open access journal in 2000• Currently publishes over 240 Open Access journals• Over 130,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published• More than 10 million article downloads per month• All research articles published under Creative Commons license so can be re-used• Costs covered by article processing charge (APC)• BioMed Central also hosts and supports SpringerOpen portfolio
  12. 12. Recent developments
  13. 13. Coming soon
  14. 14. BioMed Central and Africa• Waiver fund• Foundation membership• Open access in the developing world• Open Access Africa• Summit on the sustainability of open access in Africa
  15. 15. Submissions and publications from African authors are increasing 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 Submissions Publications 1500 1000 500 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Projected
  16. 16. Foundation Membership• Institutions can show support for open access – No cost• Criteria for qualifying institutions: – Institution has an Open Access policy in place – Researchers have published at least 5 articles in BioMed Central journals in the last year – Institution based in waiver fund country• Benefits – A BioMed Central Webpage – OA promotional material – Membership usage reports – Member logo/badge for use on institution website – Promotion of Membership
  17. 17. Open Access Africa• 2010: Kenya; 2011: Ghana; 2012: South Africa• Outcomes so far – Sudan’s first Institutional Repository, created by the University of Khartoum, was a direct result of Open Access Africa 2010 – New open access groups formed in Nigeria and Ghana – Greater awareness of challenges faced by open access journals based in Africa – Summit on sustainability of open access publishing in Africa
  18. 18. Summit on sustainability of open access publishing in Africa AJOL, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Bioline International, BioMed Central, Carnegie Corporation, DFID, INASP/ Publishers forDevelopment, KNUST, Medicins Sans Frontiers, Pan African Medical Journal, Public Library of Science, Shuttleworth Foundation, Stellenbosch University, The Association of Commonwealth Universities, UNECA , Wellcome Trust, WHO, World Bank
  19. 19. Summit outcomes• Commitment to OA from funders and institutions – Funders want their funds to be used to make research OA• Improving the reputation of open access – Showing that prestigious research is published OA – Effective OA communication/advocacy – Showing the value proposition – Getting buy-in from the African influencers• Capacity building – Research and publishing expertise• Follow up meeting to be held in Capetown this week
  20. 20. OAA 2012 Program• Based on the three main outcomes of the summit – Open access overview – Capacity building Twitter hashtag – Advocacy #OAAfrica2012 – Sustainability
  21. 21. Thank