Latest Developments in Open Access Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central
What’s new in Open Access <ul><li>Peter Suber’s SPARC Open Access newsletter includes a roundup of the 137 most important ...
More, more, more… <ul><li>More open access mandates </li></ul><ul><li>More open access publishers </li></ul><ul><li>More c...
Traditional research publishing <ul><li>The research community transfers rights to the publisher </li></ul><ul><li>The pub...
About BioMed Central <ul><li>Largest publisher of peer-reviewed open access journals </li></ul><ul><li>Launched first open...
Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central <ul><li>Publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions to non-rese...
Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central <ul><li>Publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions to non-rese...
OA publication fees <ul><li>BioMed Central  $780-$2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science  $1300-$2850 </li></ul>...
How do OA publication fees get paid? <ul><li>Many authors pay out of grant funds </li></ul><ul><li>Some funders provide de...
BioMed Central journals which do not charge author fees <ul><li>Chinese Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic & Osteopat...
BioMed Central’s institutional payment options  <ul><li>Prepay membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution pays funds int...
Membership at other OA publishers
Membership at other OA publishers
How are BioMed Central OA fees being paid? <ul><li>30% Prepay members </li></ul><ul><li>15% Individual APCs  (Supporter me...
Funders and OA
NIH policy became mandatory in January 2008 <ul><li>Compliance has increased from 4% to more than 60% </li></ul><ul><li>Ab...
 
UK PubMed Central funders <ul><li>Predates NIH policy by a year, but author compliance lower (<50%) </li></ul><ul><li>Cove...
Europe <ul><li>European Research Council </li></ul><ul><li>FP7 Open Access Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>SOAP – a research proje...
High Energy Physics - SCOAP3
Institutions and OA
Harvard: Office of Scholarly Communications
Examples of central institutional funds for Open Access publication fees <ul><li>Aarhus </li></ul><ul><li>Berkeley </li></...
 
Impact Factors
Which have been Biomed Central’s most rapidly growing journals
What do these journals have in common?
Official Impact Factors
Impact Factors increasingly help Open Access journals <ul><li>Impact Factors initially made things tough for new OA journa...
Manuscript submissions continue to grow rapidly
Breakdown of submission growth by journal type
Established journals are switching to open access
 
 
 
Open Access publishing, then and now… <ul><li>2008 </li></ul>2000 And more…
OASPA - a new industry association
Goals of OASPA <ul><li>Represent interests of Open Access publishers as a group </li></ul><ul><li>Agree common definition ...
Springer’s acquisition  of BioMed Central <ul><li>+ </li></ul>
Springer acquisition FAQs <ul><li>Will BioMed Central’s policy of open access to all research continue? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Springer’s experimental institutional Open Access deals <ul><li>Several institutions now have licensing deals with Springe...
Conclusions <ul><li>OA publishing has gone from being an experiment to a proven alternative model </li></ul><ul><li>Instit...
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Latest Developments in Open Access

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Talk given at Online Information, Olympia, London, Dec 4th 2008

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  • Latest Developments in Open Access

    1. 1. Latest Developments in Open Access Matthew Cockerill Managing Director, BioMed Central
    2. 2. What’s new in Open Access <ul><li>Peter Suber’s SPARC Open Access newsletter includes a roundup of the 137 most important OA developments </li></ul>- in November… <ul><li>I will focus just on OA publishing </li></ul>
    3. 3. More, more, more… <ul><li>More open access mandates </li></ul><ul><li>More open access publishers </li></ul><ul><li>More central open access funds </li></ul><ul><li>More impact factors for OA journals </li></ul><ul><li>More evidence that open access is a viable business model </li></ul>
    4. 4. Traditional research publishing <ul><li>The research community transfers rights to the publisher </li></ul><ul><li>The publisher covers costs by selling access to the content </li></ul>Open Access research publishing <ul><li>No barriers to access </li></ul><ul><li>The publisher does not acquire exclusive rights </li></ul><ul><li>Typically the publisher is paid for the service of publication </li></ul>A quick refresher on the open access publishing model
    5. 5. About BioMed Central <ul><li>Largest publisher of peer-reviewed open access journals </li></ul><ul><li>Launched first open access journal in 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Now publishes >190 OA titles </li></ul><ul><li>>44,000 peer reviewed OA articles published </li></ul><ul><li>All research articles published under Creative Commons licence </li></ul><ul><li>Costs covered by 'article processing charge' (APC) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central <ul><li>Publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions to non-research content (e.g. reviews) </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising/sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul>
    7. 7. Revenue streams for OA publishers like BioMed Central <ul><li>Publication fees </li></ul><ul><li>Subscriptions to non-research content (e.g. reviews) </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising/sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul>
    8. 8. OA publication fees <ul><li>BioMed Central $780-$2100 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Library of Science $1300-$2850 </li></ul><ul><li>Hindawi $300-$1250 </li></ul><ul><li>Company of Biologists $3100 </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford University Press $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Society ~$3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Springer $3000 </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor & Francis $3250 </li></ul><ul><li>Wiley $3000 </li></ul>
    9. 9. How do OA publication fees get paid? <ul><li>Many authors pay out of grant funds </li></ul><ul><li>Some funders provide dedicated funds </li></ul><ul><li>Some institutions cover costs for their researchers centrally </li></ul><ul><li>Some OA journals are centrally supported and have no author-facing fees </li></ul>
    10. 10. BioMed Central journals which do not charge author fees <ul><li>Chinese Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Chiropractic & Osteopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Italian Journal of Pediatrics </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Biomedical Science </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Brachial Plexus and Peripheral Nerve Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of the International AIDS Society </li></ul><ul><li>Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology </li></ul>
    11. 11. BioMed Central’s institutional payment options <ul><li>Prepay membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution pays funds into a deposit account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article Processing Charge is covered by funds from account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discount depending on deposit amount </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author does not have to pay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified administration/reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supporter membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institution pays a flat fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Author pays a discounted Article Processing Charge </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Membership at other OA publishers
    13. 13. Membership at other OA publishers
    14. 14. How are BioMed Central OA fees being paid? <ul><li>30% Prepay members </li></ul><ul><li>15% Individual APCs (Supporter members) </li></ul><ul><li>50% Individual APCs (Non-members) </li></ul><ul><li>5% Waivers </li></ul>
    15. 15. Funders and OA
    16. 16. NIH policy became mandatory in January 2008 <ul><li>Compliance has increased from 4% to more than 60% </li></ul><ul><li>About 28,000 author manuscripts have already been made available under the policy </li></ul>
    17. 18. UK PubMed Central funders <ul><li>Predates NIH policy by a year, but author compliance lower (<50%) </li></ul><ul><li>Covers about 80% of biomedical funding in UK </li></ul>
    18. 19. Europe <ul><li>European Research Council </li></ul><ul><li>FP7 Open Access Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>SOAP – a research project on OA business models funded as part of FP7 </li></ul>
    19. 20. High Energy Physics - SCOAP3
    20. 21. Institutions and OA
    21. 22. Harvard: Office of Scholarly Communications
    22. 23. Examples of central institutional funds for Open Access publication fees <ul><li>Aarhus </li></ul><ul><li>Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>Calgary </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard </li></ul><ul><li>(part of plan for Office of Scholarly Communication) </li></ul><ul><li>Max Planck </li></ul><ul><li>Nottingham </li></ul>
    23. 25. Impact Factors
    24. 26. Which have been Biomed Central’s most rapidly growing journals
    25. 27. What do these journals have in common?
    26. 28. Official Impact Factors
    27. 29. Impact Factors increasingly help Open Access journals <ul><li>Impact Factors initially made things tough for new OA journals </li></ul><ul><li>But 45 BioMed Central journals now have official Impact Factors </li></ul><ul><li>A major driver of growth </li></ul>
    28. 30. Manuscript submissions continue to grow rapidly
    29. 31. Breakdown of submission growth by journal type
    30. 32. Established journals are switching to open access
    31. 36. Open Access publishing, then and now… <ul><li>2008 </li></ul>2000 And more…
    32. 37. OASPA - a new industry association
    33. 38. Goals of OASPA <ul><li>Represent interests of Open Access publishers as a group </li></ul><ul><li>Agree common definition of Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce high standards of editorial and business practice amongst members </li></ul><ul><li>Establish guidelines for how publishers and institutions can best manage Open Access publication fees </li></ul>
    34. 39. Springer’s acquisition of BioMed Central <ul><li>+ </li></ul>
    35. 40. Springer acquisition FAQs <ul><li>Will BioMed Central’s policy of open access to all research continue? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes – this was an obligatory condition for the deal to gain approval by BioMed Central’s Board of Trustees </li></ul><ul><li>Is BioMed Central profitable? </li></ul><ul><li>Springer bought BioMed Central because it is a healthy publishing business, in a growing sector of the market </li></ul><ul><li>Will BioMed Central APCs be increased to Springer Open Choice levels? </li></ul><ul><li>There are no plans to change BioMed Central’s APC pricing policy as a result of the deal </li></ul>
    36. 41. Springer’s experimental institutional Open Access deals <ul><li>Several institutions now have licensing deals with Springer allow their authors to select the Open Choice option without additional payment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Max Planck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UKB (Dutch consortium) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georg-August University of Goettingen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The University of California says it is negotiating a similar deal with Springer </li></ul>
    37. 42. Conclusions <ul><li>OA publishing has gone from being an experiment to a proven alternative model </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions, funders and existing journals are responding </li></ul><ul><li>It will be interesting to see how it all plays out! </li></ul>

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