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The age of revolutions
 

The age of revolutions

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various democratic revolution 10th grade world history ca content standards

various democratic revolution 10th grade world history ca content standards

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    The age of revolutions The age of revolutions Presentation Transcript

    • THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS The Glorious Revolution England
    • 3 MAJOR REVOLUTIONSGlorious Revolution of EnglandAmerican RevolutionFrench Revolution
    • ENGLAND
    • RULED BY A MONARCHWhat does that mean?
    • KINGS AND QUEENS
    • DIVINE RIGHTWhat is that?
    • BI CAMERAL
    • ENGLAND ALSO HASA parliament?Legislative body2 houses House of lords-nobles House of Commons-wealthy commoners
    • TUDORS
    • Shared power with parliamentGood relationship!England is Catholic
    • Policy: RECIPROCITYYou scratch my back and I’ll scratch yourback!
    • WHY?He wants a divorce from Katherine ofAragón
    • Pope Refuses!
    • Henry gets rid of the Catholic Church inEngland
    • Gets the parliament to pass the “SupremacyAct”Makes him the supreme ruler of Englandincluding its church
    • WHY WOULD PARLIAMENT DO THIS?They must have had something to gain!But what?
    • CATHOLIC CHURCHIncredibly Wealthy!What does parliament stand to gain?
    • SWITCH TO PROTESTANTISM
    • HENRY 8TH DIESQueen Mary passes lots of laws that favorCatholicism
    • ELIZABETH TAKES OVERGoes the other wayShe wants more powerChooses Anglican Church close to Catholoscim
    • NO ONE IS HAPPYCatholics not happyPuritans not happy take off to “New World” separation of church and state
    • ELIZABETH HAS NO HEIRStuarts take overBut they don’t scratch the parliaments back“power without restraint”
    • OH NO HE DIDN’T !parliament passes laws king doesn’t likeKing kills some members and locks the restout!
    • CIVIL WAR ERRUPTSWhat is a civil war?
    • King Supporters=Cavaliers/royalistsParliament supporters=Roundheads Oliver Cromwell-military genius!
    • WHO DO YOU THINK WON?
    • ROUND HEADS WON!Cromwell wants to kill the KingAnyone who hesitated was killed too!
    • MADE ENGLAND A REPUBLICWhat’s a republic?He had issues with ParliamentAristotle and Plato power hungryMilitary dictatorship
    • CROMWELL DIEDSon couldn’t make it workParliament came back togetherPut Stuart family back in King JamesMore struggles between Catholics andopposition
    • PARLIAMENT MAKES A PHONE CALLWilliam and Mary of OrangeRaised and armyJames and wife took fled to france
    • BILL OF RIGHTSConstitutional MonarchyIndividual rights
    • FROM ALL OF THESE STRUGGLESMore professional Thinkers
    • INTRODUCE YOU TO MY BUDDIESJohn Locke
    • CHARLES MONTESSQUIEU
    • JEAN-JACQUE ROUSSEAU
    • JOHN LOCKE IDEASNatural Rights-life, liberty, property-people form the government to protectthose rights _what is that called?
    • John Locke influenced Thomas JeffersonTJ-wrote the Declaration of Independence -unalienable rights -popular soverighty
    • CHARLES-LOUIS MONTESQUIEUSeparation of powers 3 branches?Montesquieu influenced James Madison “father of the Constitution”
    • JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAUSocial contract exist between the citizens& their government. citizens accept certain rights andresponsibilities and grant the governmentthe right to uphold these rights
    • Rousseau influenced Simon Bolivar (LatinAmerican revolutionary). -fought to liberate Venezuela from Spain -He also led movement in Bolivia,Colombia. Panama, Ecuador & Peru