Who Makes the Rules?<br />Absolute Monarchies<br />&<br />Constitutional Government<br />
Limited and UnlimitedGovernments<br />
Government<br />Limited<br />Unlimited<br />Restraints are placed on the power and authority of government<br />Individual...
England<br />King John had been a strong supporter of absolute monarchy, believing he should have total control over the p...
France<br />King Louis XIV known as the “Sun King” for the belief that all revolved around him<br />Banned the “Estates-Ge...
Russia<br />Peter I (Peter the Great) believed in divine right to rule<br />Followed the French example instead of the Bri...
Glorious Revolution<br />1215: King John signs the Magna Carta<br />1485-1603: Tudors reign, monarchs do not have absolute...
1628: Parliament enacts the Petition of Rights which bans the king from…<br />Passing taxes without the consent of Parliam...
1646: Parliament wins control of government<br />1647: Charles I is tried & executed. Attempt is made to end monarchy and ...
1658: Oliver Cromwell dies, his son, Richard, takes over.<br />1660: Monarchy restored, Charles II (son of Charles I) is m...
1688: James and his wife are Catholic, when they have a child the Parliament fears the establishment of a Catholic monarch...
The Enlightenment<br />
Thomas Hobbes<br />State of Nature- people without government<br />Social Contract Theory- government is created as an agr...
John Locke (English)<br />Influenced by the Glorious Revolution<br />Thought the “state of nature” was good<br />“Social c...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />Believed society had a corrupting influence on people<br />It was/is the role of government to ...
Baron de Montesquieu<br />Promoted the idea of the separation of powers and checks & balances<br />Admired the English sys...
Constitutions and Government<br />
What is a “constitution”?<br />The “law” which establishes the structure and operation of government and details the relat...
Positive vs. Negative<br />Centers on the roles and responsibilities that a government IS SUPPOSED TO PERFORM<br />Focuses...
Forms of Government<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Who makes the rules?

1,003 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Who makes the rules?

  1. 1. Who Makes the Rules?<br />Absolute Monarchies<br />&<br />Constitutional Government<br />
  2. 2. Limited and UnlimitedGovernments<br />
  3. 3. Government<br />Limited<br />Unlimited<br />Restraints are placed on the power and authority of government<br />Individual rights and freedoms are restrained<br />Total obedience to the government is expected<br />
  4. 4. England<br />King John had been a strong supporter of absolute monarchy, believing he should have total control over the people<br />Divine right – belief that God has given monarchs the authority to rule<br />1215- English nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta<br />Established the idea of limited government<br />Stated that people have certain rights <br />
  5. 5. France<br />King Louis XIV known as the “Sun King” for the belief that all revolved around him<br />Banned the “Estates-General” (France’s Congress) from meeting <br />Controlled taxes, the military, and business<br />Left the country in debt and with many enemies at his death<br />
  6. 6. Russia<br />Peter I (Peter the Great) believed in divine right to rule<br />Followed the French example instead of the British<br />Made himself the head of the Russian Orthodox church<br />Used his power to strengthen Russia<br />Expanded technology, science, business, and military<br />
  7. 7. Glorious Revolution<br />1215: King John signs the Magna Carta<br />1485-1603: Tudors reign, monarchs do not have absolute power<br />1603: Queen Elizabeth dies without children, her cousin James I becomes king. King James believes in divine right, doesn’t tolerate the questioning of his authority<br />1625: James I dies, Charles I becomes king and tries to govern by divine right<br />
  8. 8. 1628: Parliament enacts the Petition of Rights which bans the king from…<br />Passing taxes without the consent of Parliament<br />Quartering troops in private homes<br />Imprisoning a person without charges<br />1642: Charles ignores PoR, favors Catholics. Oliver Cromwell organizes army in support of Parliament, conflict between king and parliament starts English civil war.<br />
  9. 9. 1646: Parliament wins control of government<br />1647: Charles I is tried & executed. Attempt is made to end monarchy and establish representative government. This fails so Cromwell imposes martial law (rule by the military).<br />
  10. 10. 1658: Oliver Cromwell dies, his son, Richard, takes over.<br />1660: Monarchy restored, Charles II (son of Charles I) is made king….this is called the Restoration.<br />1685: Charles II dies without children. His brother, James II, becomes king. <br />
  11. 11. 1688: James and his wife are Catholic, when they have a child the Parliament fears the establishment of a Catholic monarchy. To prevent this, the Parliament invites James’s Protestant daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange, to take the throne. This bloodless takeover is called the Glorious Revolution.<br />1689: English Bill of Rights of 1689 limits the monarchy & states the rights of Parliament and the people.<br />
  12. 12. The Enlightenment<br />
  13. 13. Thomas Hobbes<br />State of Nature- people without government<br />Social Contract Theory- government is created as an agreement between people to benefit each other<br />
  14. 14. John Locke (English)<br />Influenced by the Glorious Revolution<br />Thought the “state of nature” was good<br />“Social contract” was voluntary<br />Purpose of government was/is to protect rights of citizens<br />If the government doesn’t protect those rights the people have the right to get rid of the government<br />Influenced Thomas Jefferson and the American Revolution<br />
  15. 15. Jean-Jacques Rousseau<br />Believed society had a corrupting influence on people<br />It was/is the role of government to protect the “general will” of the people<br />They must enact policies that are beneficial to the population in general<br />Influenced those arguing for totalitarian governments<br />
  16. 16. Baron de Montesquieu<br />Promoted the idea of the separation of powers and checks & balances<br />Admired the English system of unlimited government<br />Influence is seen in the US Constitution<br />
  17. 17. Constitutions and Government<br />
  18. 18. What is a “constitution”?<br />The “law” which establishes the structure and operation of government and details the relationship of the people to their government<br />
  19. 19. Positive vs. Negative<br />Centers on the roles and responsibilities that a government IS SUPPOSED TO PERFORM<br />Focuses on the LIMITS PLACED on the government<br />
  20. 20. Forms of Government<br />

×