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English Revolution and Constitutional Monarch
Chapter 20.1 and 20.2
What is the big picture?

• 1600s-1800s are time of REVOLUTIONS! All types of revolutions!


• For example the French over...
Let’s Begin With “King” Elizabeth
From there it seems to be all downhill...




   King
Elizabeth


 Queen
 James I                               Charles I
...
Divine Right of Kings means he
 Charles I           doesn’t listen to Parliament

                     They present him wi...
Charles I      He made people angry!
1.kept Parliament dissolved
2.made church services more
formal (like the Catholic
cer...
Charles I   National Covenant and Scottish Rebellion!

                        As Presbyterian Protestants
               ...
This new Parliament is called the Long Parliament

New Laws

  King can’t dissolve Parliament
  Parliament must meet at le...
English Civil War

Cavaliers           Roundheads
English Civil War                               Oliver Cromwell


                                   Supporters of parliam...
English Civil War            Oliver Cromwell


                    Life is tough under Cromwell!
                    1653-...
English Civil War            Oliver Cromwell

                    This rule would have ended earlier
                     ...
English Civil War       Trade and the Dutch!

I’m not letting the
Dutch control all the
trade and make all
the money!




...
End of English Civil War

 Cromwell dismissed Parliament
 He ruled alone
 He died
 1660 Parliament invited Charles II
   t...
Put It In Order

  Civil War broke out
  Parliament passed Petition of Rights
  Cromwell had Charles I killed
  Charles I ...
The Glorious Revolution


 Why is the Glorious
 Revolution so
 glorious?
The Glorious Revolution

    From the original Norman invaders of 1066 (Remember William
    the Conqueror - the Norman ba...
Constitutional Monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy

                    The Kings Return




                          Charles II
                   ...
Constitutional Monarchy

The Kings Return
                      Avoided fights with
                   Parliament
         ...
Constitutional Monarchy

The Kings Return
                              Wanted
                          toleration of
   ...
• Charles II (Catholic) has no heir

• It looks like James II - his brother - an avowed Catholic might
  inherit!

• Engla...
Constitutional Monarchy

  Tories                    Whigs
   outlaws
                             horse thief = rebelliou...
James II seems to
 be inheriting the
      throne
James II seems to    Parliament divides over who
                     should inherit throne
 be inheriting the   Whigs v. ...
James II seems to        Parliament divides over who
                         should inherit throne
 be inheriting the    ...
James II seems to        Parliament divides over who
                         should inherit throne
 be inheriting the    ...
Changes in Gov’t
•Toleration Act - Religious Freedoms (protect everyone
 but Roman Catholics and Jews)

• Act of Settlement 1701 - Keeps Ca...
1700 England is a Constitutional Monarchy

                  Parliament

     House of Lords         House of Commons

   ...
Act of Union - united Scotland and England




              Scotland didn’t like it
             encouraged trade
Foundations of Our Rights and Freedoms

Rights & Freedoms     Magna Carta Eng. Bill of Rights   Va Declaration of Rights  ...
Wh 20.1 & 20.2 English Rev And Const Mon
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Wh 20.1 & 20.2 English Rev And Const Mon

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  • 1.ANYWAY…. He dies and his son ________________ inherits the throne of England. Using and abusing the concept of ___________________ he angers Parliament. They present him with ______________________. It states

    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

    1.Even though Charles I signed this document he still ___________ the people and when members of the House of Commons (the lower house of Parliament) protested, Charles I just ______________ .
  • 1.List at least 2 actions Charles I took which angered people.

    a.
    b.
    1.What was wrong with the courts? How were they unfair?
  • 1.What is the National Covenant and how do the Scottish feel about their religion?
  • Wh 20.1 & 20.2 English Rev And Const Mon

    1. 1. Powdered Heads to Powdered Kegs English Revolution and Constitutional Monarch Chapter 20.1 and 20.2
    2. 2. What is the big picture? • 1600s-1800s are time of REVOLUTIONS! All types of revolutions! • For example the French overthrew their king and set up a republic • The English replaced one king with another and greatly limited the power of the monarchy • The British colonists in the Americas will revolt • Agricultural Revolution • Scientific Revolution • Philosophical Revolution
    3. 3. Let’s Begin With “King” Elizabeth
    4. 4. From there it seems to be all downhill... King Elizabeth Queen James I Charles I whoops, I meant King James I
    5. 5. Divine Right of Kings means he Charles I doesn’t listen to Parliament They present him with the Petition of Right • king can’t tax people w/out permission of Parliament •he can’t declare martial law • can’t quarter soldiers in private homes in times of peace • can’t imprison someone w/ out a specific charge he signed but ignored it - continued to tax as wanted - he dismissed Parliament because they kept complaining
    6. 6. Charles I He made people angry! 1.kept Parliament dissolved 2.made church services more formal (like the Catholic ceremonies) this angered Puritans 3.Used royal courts against his enemies...the Puritans 4.no guarantee of civil liberties 5.no juries and judges made decisions in secret - like the infamous Star Chamber 6.people didn’t like his absolute rule
    7. 7. Charles I National Covenant and Scottish Rebellion! As Presbyterian Protestants they resent the forcing of Anglican ceremonies! They signed the National Covenant stating they would never do this...they were loyal to their church more than their (resented-hated) British king Charles I invades 2x but finally has to call in Parliament (and they aren’t leaving now!)
    8. 8. This new Parliament is called the Long Parliament New Laws King can’t dissolve Parliament Parliament must meet at least one time every 3 years tried to change Anglican Church but that wasn’t successful Meanwhile....bloody rebellion in British-controlled lands of Ireland Parliament said they needed an army - Charles refused - Civil War Began in 1642
    9. 9. English Civil War Cavaliers Roundheads
    10. 10. English Civil War Oliver Cromwell Supporters of parliament = Roundheads and extreme Calvinist those Puritans Under Oliver Cromwell (military genius) Run Charles I out Parliament now the Rump Parliament England is a Commonwealth now Guess now would be a good time to leave town! I’ll go to Scotland psst...he didn’t make it - Cromwell had him beheaded!
    11. 11. English Civil War Oliver Cromwell Life is tough under Cromwell! 1653-1658 Life was ugly! lots of battles lots of gossip His rule - the Protectorate - was unpopular!
    12. 12. English Civil War Oliver Cromwell This rule would have ended earlier except for : 1. raised enough $ from taxes and land sales to make sure the army was well trained and equipped. 2. Army was disciplined & powerful 3. Enemies were not organized
    13. 13. English Civil War Trade and the Dutch! I’m not letting the Dutch control all the trade and make all the money! Navigation Act of 1651 • all goods coming to England from other countries need to be carried on English ships or by ships of the producing country. • War with Dutch!
    14. 14. End of English Civil War Cromwell dismissed Parliament He ruled alone He died 1660 Parliament invited Charles II to come back and be king! This is the period of Restoration!
    15. 15. Put It In Order Civil War broke out Parliament passed Petition of Rights Cromwell had Charles I killed Charles I refused to call Parliament to session Cromwell “failed” to set up a constitution Cromwell ruled as lord protector Long Parliament began Parliament invited Charles II to be King of England
    16. 16. The Glorious Revolution Why is the Glorious Revolution so glorious?
    17. 17. The Glorious Revolution From the original Norman invaders of 1066 (Remember William the Conqueror - the Norman bastard?) to the Magna Carta and its Rule of Law. Then 1603 Elizabeth. Then through James I - then Charles I - then Oliver Cromwell - then James II.(quasi catholic) - then Glorious Revolution with William and Mary It has all been about establishing the worth of the individual vs. the rulers. By the time of the Glorious Revolution it is pretty clear that the common man in England has rights not enjoyed anywhere else in the world.
    18. 18. Constitutional Monarchy
    19. 19. Constitutional Monarchy The Kings Return Charles II Restoration Rebirth of English Culture
    20. 20. Constitutional Monarchy The Kings Return Avoided fights with Parliament Did fight with Dutch and won the American colony of New Amsterdam (renamed it New York) French and British rivalry restarts - this one lasts 150 years!
    21. 21. Constitutional Monarchy The Kings Return Wanted toleration of Catholicism Parliament hated that! He was forced to abandon any efforts to bring religious toleration
    22. 22. • Charles II (Catholic) has no heir • It looks like James II - his brother - an avowed Catholic might inherit! • England is divided over this issue • Not enough for another bloody civil war like the one with they just had with the Cavaliers and Roundheads • This will be a peaceful revolution
    23. 23. Constitutional Monarchy Tories Whigs outlaws horse thief = rebellious believed James II OMG! James II is (Roman Catholic) should rule Catholic! believed in Anglican need/want strong Church Parliament and believed believed in they had the right to monarchy - enough to oppose James as ruler accept a Roman Catholic ruler like James
    24. 24. James II seems to be inheriting the throne
    25. 25. James II seems to Parliament divides over who should inherit throne be inheriting the Whigs v. Tories throne
    26. 26. James II seems to Parliament divides over who should inherit throne be inheriting the Whigs v. Tories throne Parliament offers throne to Protestant Mary (daughter of James II) and husband William of Orange
    27. 27. James II seems to Parliament divides over who should inherit throne be inheriting the Whigs v. Tories throne Glorious Parliament offers Revolution throne to Protestant power Mary (daughter of passed James II) and husband without William of Orange bloodshed English Bill of Rights signed
    28. 28. Changes in Gov’t
    29. 29. •Toleration Act - Religious Freedoms (protect everyone but Roman Catholics and Jews) • Act of Settlement 1701 - Keeps Catholics from the throne - if William III dies with no heirs then throne goes to Mary’s Protestant sister Anne...and so on - always to Protestants
    30. 30. 1700 England is a Constitutional Monarchy Parliament House of Lords House of Commons Prime Minister Cabinet
    31. 31. Act of Union - united Scotland and England Scotland didn’t like it encouraged trade
    32. 32. Foundations of Our Rights and Freedoms Rights & Freedoms Magna Carta Eng. Bill of Rights Va Declaration of Rights Bill of Rights Trail by jury Due Process Private property No unreasonable search or seizures No cruel punishment No excessive bail or fines Right to bear arms Right to Petition Freedom of Speech Freedom of Press Freedom of Religion

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