Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
English Civil War Beginnings Chapter 5 Section 5  King James, Charles I and Oliver Cromwell
 
 
King James I of England  <ul><li>Elizabeth I had no children  </li></ul><ul><li>James now must deal with Parliament  </li>...
Charles I of England  <ul><li>Son of James I  </li></ul><ul><li>Needed money  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War with Spain and Fra...
Petition of Rights <ul><li>Could not jail without due cause </li></ul><ul><li>No taxes without Parliament’s consent </li><...
English Civil War <ul><li>Religion causes problems  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles offends Puritans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Parliament fights back <ul><li>Enact laws to limit king’s power </li></ul><ul><li>Charles tries to arrest Parliament leade...
Civil War Breaks Out <ul><li>Charles Supporters were Royalists or Cavaliers  </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament supporters calle...
Cromwell Rules England  <ul><li>Abolishes Monarchy and House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a republic </li></ul><...
Restoration and Revolution <ul><li>After Cromwell dies Charles II is asked to return to the throne  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
James II – Catholic Extraordinaire  <ul><li>Whigs oppose James because of his religion  </li></ul><ul><li>Tories support J...
William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution <ul><li>James II older daughter Mary (protestant) married William  </li></ul...
Political Changes Under William  <ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO...
Homework <ul><li>Complete the Central Europe Quiz on Quia  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May want your book for reference (maybe) ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

English Civil War

6,985 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
  • Good and descriptive details. Helpful for my students' upcoming test. Thanks for the help!
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

English Civil War

  1. 1. English Civil War Beginnings Chapter 5 Section 5 King James, Charles I and Oliver Cromwell
  2. 4. King James I of England <ul><li>Elizabeth I had no children </li></ul><ul><li>James now must deal with Parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calvanist and did not act against catholic church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Upset Puritans of Parliament </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>King James Bible </li></ul>
  3. 5. Charles I of England <ul><li>Son of James I </li></ul><ul><li>Needed money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War with Spain and France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissolved parliament when they refused to raise the taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1628 recalls parliament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to sign Petition of Rights </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Petition of Rights <ul><li>Could not jail without due cause </li></ul><ul><li>No taxes without Parliament’s consent </li></ul><ul><li>No quartering soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>No martial law in peace time </li></ul><ul><li>Charles ignored after he got his money </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged DIVINE RIGHT and ABSOLUTISM </li></ul>
  5. 7. English Civil War <ul><li>Religion causes problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles offends Puritans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formal prayer book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces Scots to use same prayer book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Threaten to invade England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles again needs money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament has to be called </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Parliament fights back <ul><li>Enact laws to limit king’s power </li></ul><ul><li>Charles tries to arrest Parliament leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Escaped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mob of Londoners attack the palace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles flees north to raise an army </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Civil War Breaks Out <ul><li>Charles Supporters were Royalists or Cavaliers </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament supporters called Roundheads </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Oliver Cromwell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capture Charles and try and convict him of Treason </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentence him to death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolutionary to try, convict, and kill a King </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Cromwell Rules England <ul><li>Abolishes Monarchy and House of Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a republic </li></ul><ul><li>Drafts first written constitution of any European State </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cromwell tears up and rules as military dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebellion in Ireland breaks out and Cromwell invades </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce Puritan Morality through laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious toleration for all Christians but Catholics </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. Restoration and Revolution <ul><li>After Cromwell dies Charles II is asked to return to the throne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restores entertainment lost under Puritan rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Habeas Corpus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every prisoner has the right to obtain a writ ordering them before a judge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Heir for Charles II a Catholic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James II his brother </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. James II – Catholic Extraordinaire <ul><li>Whigs oppose James because of his religion </li></ul><ul><li>Tories support James </li></ul><ul><li>James flaunts Catholicism and appoints Catholics to high positions in government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissolves Parliament when they protest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fear of Catholic rule of England indefinitely </li></ul>
  11. 13. William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution <ul><li>James II older daughter Mary (protestant) married William </li></ul><ul><li>7 members of Parliament ask them to overthrow James to prevent Catholic rule </li></ul><ul><li>William leads army to London and James flees to France </li></ul><ul><li>Glorious Revolution because it was bloodless! </li></ul>
  12. 14. Political Changes Under William <ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO suspending Parliament’s laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO levying taxes without Parliament's consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO interfering with freedom of speech of Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO penalty for a citizen who petitions the King with a grievance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cabinet system develops when a group of ministers for parliament are link to King </li></ul>
  13. 15. Homework <ul><li>Complete the Central Europe Quiz on Quia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May want your book for reference (maybe) </li></ul></ul>

×