Constitutionalism England 1642 1660

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Constitutionalism England 1642 1660

  1. 1. English Constitutionalism: The English Civil War (1642-1649)
  2. 2. Immediate Cause <ul><li>Charles I tried to arrest several Puritans in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>March 1642 Charles declared war against his opponents in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War Resulted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cavaliers--supported the king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roundheads--(Calvinists) opposed the king </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Playskool Version of the English Civil War Cavaliers Roundheads
  4. 4. English Civil War
  5. 5. Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) <ul><li>Fiercely Puritan Independent and military leader of the roundheads </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually led his New Model Army to victory in 1649 </li></ul><ul><li>Pride’s Purge (1648) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed all non-Puritans and Presbyterians from Parliament leaving “Rump Parliament” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Regicide <ul><li>Charles I was beheaded in 1649 </li></ul>
  7. 7. English Constitutionalism: The Interregnum 1649-1660
  8. 8. The Interregnum (1649-1660) <ul><li>The Commonwealth (1649-1653) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A republic that abolished the monarchy and the House of Lords </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Protectorate (1653-1659) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (in effect, a dictatorship) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. New Sects Emerged <ul><li>Levellers </li></ul><ul><li>Diggers </li></ul><ul><li>Quakers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed women to play a role in preaching </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Dissolves the “Rump” Parliament 1653 The Protectorate (1653-1659)
  11. 11. Cromwell’s Military Campaigns <ul><li>1649-Cromwell invaded Ireland to put down an Irish uprising </li></ul>
  12. 12. England Under Cromwell <ul><li>Puritan-controlled gov’t sought to regulate the moral life of England </li></ul><ul><li>Cromwell died in 1658 and his son, Richard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stuarts under Charles II were restored to the throne in 1660 </li></ul></ul>

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