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7 2 power point

  1. 1. Crisis, War and Witchcraft in Europe 7.2 Juan,Yesenia,& Carlos
  2. 2. 1560 – 1650 Severe economic and social crisis <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation (rising prices) for land and food. </li></ul><ul><li>Growing population to support. </li></ul><ul><li>1600 – economic slowdown in parts of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain – Economy dependent on silver and mines were producing less silver. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Muslim and Jewish Artisans and merchants hurt their economy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1560 – 1650 Severe economic and social crisis (cont.) <ul><li>Population Increased from about 60 million in 1500 to 85 million by 1600. </li></ul><ul><li>Population declined by 1650 (more in the central and southern). </li></ul><ul><li>Warfare plague and famine contributed to population decline. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Witchcraft Trails <ul><li>Belief in witchcraft (or magic) was part of traditional village culture for centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time, intense hysteria affected lives of many Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100,000 people charged with witchcraft. </li></ul><ul><li>As more were brought to trail, fear of witches grew with the fear of being accused of witchcraft. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Witchcraft Trials (Cont.) Background Information <ul><li>Common people, usually the poor and those without property, were most often accused of such charge. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 75% accused were women that were single or widowed and over 50 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Under intense torture, accused witches confessed to a number of practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Such as. ------------------------  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Witchcraft Practices <ul><li>Sworn allegiance to the devil. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended Sabbaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Nightly gatherings. </li></ul><ul><li>Some admitted of casting evil spells. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ending Of Witchcraft <ul><li>By the end of 1650 witchcraft hysteria begun to lessen and governments grew stronger, fewer officials were willing to disrupt their societies with witch trials any more. </li></ul><ul><li>Ending of the old view of a world haunted by evil spirits. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Stuarts and Divine Right <ul><li>With the death of Queen Elizabeth 1 the Tudor dynasty came to an end. </li></ul><ul><li>The Stuart line of rulers began with accession to the throne of Elizabeth’s cousin James I of England. </li></ul><ul><li>The belief that James received all his power from God and was responsible only to God is called divine right of kings . Parliament did not think much of this though. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Stuarts and Divine Right (Cont.) <ul><li>The puritans didn’t like the king’s strong defense of the church of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of England’s gentry had chosen to become puritans. The puritan gentry became an important part of the House of Commons. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles I also believed in the divine right of kings just like his father James I. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1628,parliament passed a petition that prohibited the passing’s of any taxes without parliaments consent. </li></ul><ul><li>Charles tried to impose more ritual on the church. When he tried to impose this puritans moved to the Americas . </li></ul><ul><li>The religious struggles of the reformation impacted America greatly. </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Stuarts and Divine Right (1642) <ul><li>*Civil war broke out in 1642 between the supporters of the kings and the parliamentary forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament was victorious because of the new model army of Oliver Cromwell .    </li></ul><ul><li>The new model army consisted of well disciplined and trained men in the new military tactics of the 17th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament later chose to execute Charles I on January 30,1649. This left England in horrid state of mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament then abolished the monarchy and the house of Lords. They also declared England a republic or commonwealth </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Restoration <ul><li>Cromwell ruled until he died in 1658. George Monk created a situation favorable to restoring the monarchy in the place of Charles the second. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament passed laws to restore the Church of England as the state religion and restricting some rights of Catholics and puritans. </li></ul><ul><li>But Charles suspended the laws. Parliament began to become suspicious and forced him to back down on his action. </li></ul><ul><li>When Charles died leaving no heirs to the throne, James the second became king in 1685. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Restoration (Cont.) <ul><li>Because James was a devout catholic religion as once again an issue between parliament and king. </li></ul><ul><li>He promoted Catholics to high positions in society. </li></ul>