CHAPTER 11
Enlightenment and Revolution in
England and America

Section 1:Civil War and Revolution
Section 2:   Constituti...
SECTION 1                      revised 08/11/10


Civil War and Revolution
Bell Ringer 11.1:
What were some of the causes ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Parliament
… the first king to ask townspeople, knights, clergy,
and nobles to advise h...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Early Parliament
…was divided into the House of Lords and
the House of Commons.
The Lor...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Modern nation-states developed first in Europe between
1500 and 1800.



New ideas abou...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
                    Once upon a time, there was
                    an island …

      ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

The king of England –
Charles I – truly believed
in the Divine Right of Kings.


This ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

Charles had inherited the same
financial problem that his
father had:

the refusal of ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution




  Three times summoned and three times dissolved through
  1625-1629, Parliament we...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

Charles' marriage to the              Henrietta Maria
devoutly Catholic French
princes...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

Charles attempted to force a
new prayer book on the
Scots who as Presbyterians
did NOT...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution




            Charles now needs money to put down
                   the Scots Rebell...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

Charles still hasn’t learned
how to work with
Parliament -

           The struggle
  ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
            Now everyone has to choice sides…



   Whose side would you take?
  The su...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Religious and economic issues added to the differences between the
  supporters of the ...
Propaganda
Civil War and Revolution




                           Roundhead
                           Propaganda
       ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution


The Roundheads,
with deeper
pockets and more
population from
which to draw,
were dest...
Art
    Civil War and Revolution




And When Did You Last See Your Father? William Frederick Yeames (1835-1918)
*The scen...
Political Cartoon
Civil War and Revolution
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Oliver Cromwell and his
New Model Army soundly
beat the Cavaliers in 1645 at
Naseby .

...
Video Clip
Civil War and Revolution
In 1648, Charles was put on trial for treason; the tribunal, by a vote
of 68 to 67, fo...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution

                    Cromwell
                    New Model Army

                    R...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution


      Why didn’t the English
      overthrow Cromwell’s
       commonwealth like
    ...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution




 End of the Commonwealth
TIMELINE
Civil War and Revolution
                                                               King Charles
          Ch...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution


                           Let the
                           party
                 ...
Visual Source
Civil War and Revolution
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution


            Get your notes!
             QUIZ TIME!

  You can use anything YOU wrote!
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
 Dismiss Parliament
 civil war
 commonwealth
 Petition of Right         Choose from thi...
SECTION 1
Civil War and Revolution
Bell Ringer 11.1:
What were some of the causes of the
    longstanding
   conflict betw...
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Ch 11.1

  1. 1. CHAPTER 11 Enlightenment and Revolution in England and America Section 1:Civil War and Revolution Section 2: Constitutional Monarchy in England Section 3: English Colonial Expansion Section 4: The Enlightenment Section 5: The American Revolution
  2. 2. SECTION 1 revised 08/11/10 Civil War and Revolution Bell Ringer 11.1: What were some of the causes of the English Civil War? English Civil War
  3. 3. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Parliament … the first king to ask townspeople, knights, clergy, and nobles to advise him was Edward I (ruled 1272-1307). In 1295, these representatives met in the first Parliament to enact laws.
  4. 4. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Early Parliament …was divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons. The Lords included nobles and church leaders, who inherited their seats. The Commons was made up of wealthy merchants, elected or appointed. Edward I felt that the new middle classes would be more willing to pay taxes if they helped make laws.
  5. 5. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Modern nation-states developed first in Europe between 1500 and 1800. New ideas about gov’t spread … especially about how much power a king/monarch had over his subjects.
  6. 6. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Once upon a time, there was an island … And the island was known as England to the south… and Scotland to the north. And just to the west … was the land of Ireland.
  7. 7. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution The king of England – Charles I – truly believed in the Divine Right of Kings. This attitude kept him quite out of touch with his subjects.
  8. 8. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Charles had inherited the same financial problem that his father had: the refusal of Parliament to grant funds to a king who refused to address the grievances of the nobility. The king was not listening to the nobility and they were ticked off!
  9. 9. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Three times summoned and three times dissolved through 1625-1629, Parliament went the next 11 years without being summoned, as Charles financed his reign by selling commercial monopolies and extracting ship money (a fee demanded from towns for building naval warships).
  10. 10. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Charles' marriage to the Henrietta Maria devoutly Catholic French princess infuriated the Puritan nobility, as her Catholic friends flooded into the royal court. You wouldn’t think this was a big deal but remember Henry VIII ? – England was now a Protestant country and couldn’t stand the idea of Catholics having any influence in the gov’t.
  11. 11. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Charles attempted to force a new prayer book on the Scots who as Presbyterians did NOT appreciate it. Don’t force the Scots to choose between King and Church …..
  12. 12. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Charles now needs money to put down the Scots Rebellion …. He doesn’t have a choice he has to call Parliament back.
  13. 13. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Charles still hasn’t learned how to work with Parliament - The struggle between the king and Parliament leads to CIVIL WAR! Cover of a Parliamentarian tract on the raising of the King's Standard at Nottingham in 1642.
  14. 14. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Now everyone has to choice sides… Whose side would you take? The supporters of the King or those who supported Parliament?
  15. 15. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Religious and economic issues added to the differences between the supporters of the monarchy and the supporters of Parliament. • Cavaliers • Roundheads – Peasants – Growing middle class – Nobility with Anglican – tradesmen roots – Puritans – Northern and western – South and eastern England – farmlands counties – more and estates population & prosperous
  16. 16. Propaganda Civil War and Revolution Roundhead Propaganda Condemning the Cruelties of the Cavaliers: Nehemiah Rides Out, 1644
  17. 17. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution The Roundheads, with deeper pockets and more population from which to draw, were destined to win the battle.
  18. 18. Art Civil War and Revolution And When Did You Last See Your Father? William Frederick Yeames (1835-1918) *The scene is set in a Royalist manor house during the Civil War. A young boy is being questioned by Roundheads as to the whereabouts of his father. His mother and sisters listen anxiously, fearful that he may inadvertently betray his father.
  19. 19. Political Cartoon Civil War and Revolution
  20. 20. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Oliver Cromwell and his New Model Army soundly beat the Cavaliers in 1645 at Naseby . Scarcely a year later Charles surrendered to Scotland, which promptly turned the king over to Parliament for a nominal ransom.
  21. 21. Video Clip Civil War and Revolution In 1648, Charles was put on trial for treason; the tribunal, by a vote of 68 to 67, found the king guilty and ordered his execution in 1649.
  22. 22. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution
  23. 23. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution
  24. 24. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Cromwell New Model Army Rump Parliament commonwealth
  25. 25. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution
  26. 26. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Why didn’t the English overthrow Cromwell’s commonwealth like they did Charles I?
  27. 27. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution End of the Commonwealth
  28. 28. TIMELINE Civil War and Revolution King Charles Charles I I of England Cromwell Lord dismissed is beheaded. dies; his son Cromwell Parliament OPPS! Richard crushes because they succeeds him the wouldn’t give but resigns in Royalist him money! 1659 forces! 1629 1642 1644-45 1647 1649 1649 1658 1660 King Chuck Charles II King Chuck attempted to is surrenders arrest proclaimed in Scotland members of King of and they Parliament – England! SELL him to RUTROW! Oliver Let the England for Cromwell, Lord partay £400 Protector of the begin! Commonwealth rules until 1658
  29. 29. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Let the party begin! Chuck II returns!!
  30. 30. Visual Source Civil War and Revolution
  31. 31. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Get your notes! QUIZ TIME! You can use anything YOU wrote!
  32. 32. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Dismiss Parliament civil war commonwealth Petition of Right Choose from this written constitution term bank. Charles II Roundheads military dictator Long Parliament Oliver Cromwell
  33. 33. SECTION 1 Civil War and Revolution Bell Ringer 11.1: What were some of the causes of the longstanding conflict between English Civil War? royalty and Parliament Irish rebellion English Civil War general population rejected radical efforts of Long Puritans’ attempted Parliament to limit the changes in the church monarchy’s power

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