Major turning points in ww1


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Major turning points in ww1

  1. 1. Major Turning Points in WW1
  2. 2. Our Objective: SWBAT describe how the Russian Revolution affected WWI SWBAT describe how the entrance of the United States affected WWI
  3. 3. A little review What did Greco-Romans believe would lead to improvements in society? Who thought that society should be ruled by philosopher kings? What did Plato and Aristotle think about the nature of people and rulers? Greco-Romans felt that who should participate in government? How does a tyrant take power? Who does a tyrant share power with?
  4. 4.  What is it called when the government is divided so that no one has too much power? What is it called when the government gets its power from the people? What is the main phrase in that? Where can you find that in the US? Where else in the world can you find it? Life, liberty and property are… Who came up with those ideas
  5. 5.  Charles Louis Montesquie came up with Separation… Jean Jaques Rousseau came up with…  Its that thing where the people give gov’t power but then it’s the governments job to protect the rights of the people Who liberated Latin America? What document established Due Process? a representative government is also known as a… What are unalienable rights? What American document has unalienable rights?
  6. 6.  What was the king in France doing that caused the people to revolt? How many estates were there in France @ the time? Estates can be compared to… Who made up the first estate? Who made up the second estate? Who made up the third estate? What were the French people trying to do when they took the Tennis Court Oath? What building did the French storm in protest?
  7. 7.  Who carried out the reign of terror? What was the reign of terror? Who were they executing? In 1799, who took power through a coup de tat? Did he spread the ideas of the Revolution or inhibit them? What was the Congress of Vienna? What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? Mid 1700’s which country was the first to industrialize? Why were they the first to industrialize?
  8. 8.  Population growth preceding the Industrial Revolution was caused by an increase or advancement in what? What was the enclosure movement? Where were all of these landless peasants going? What did James Watt do? What did Ely Whitney do? What did Henry Bessemer do? What did Louis Pasteur do? What did Thomas Edison do?
  9. 9.  What was significant about the Bessemer Process? Where did those things go? What era was marked by an increase in population in British Cities? Where did England initially get its cotton from? What did entrepreneurs and capitalists do with profits from the factories? What were the conditions of the cities during the industrial revolution? Because industry was more profitable, what did England do away with?
  10. 10.  Where were most of the migrants to the US coming from during the second industrial revolution? During the industrial revolution, were there many, some or few of the following… Upper class? Middle class? Working class? What emerged to fight for the abuses of workers? What were they fighting for? What emerged because capitalism is/was evil?
  11. 11.  Capitalists worship… Communists worship… Socialists want… What is untopianism? ________was an artistic movement that celebrated nature and the average man. ________ was a complaint regarding society. What author is responsible for most of these during the industrial revolution?
  12. 12.  What is imperialism? Why did imperial powers start colonizing? What is social darwinism? Where did the Europeans start colonizing? Who were the European countries that were colonizing? Who had the largest empire by far? During the Berlin Confrerence, what were these Europeans doing? What two countries what Africa left with?
  13. 13.  Who led the struggle in India against the British colonizers? Who liberated Latin America? What was the name of the Rebellion in China because they were afraid of foreigners? Was the rebellion successful? What is Nationalism? Why did the Europeans form alliances? What caused rivalries in Europe? Who made up the Triple Alliance? Who made up the Triple Entente?
  14. 14.  What is it called when a country begins to aggressivley build up their military? What region of Europe was known as the powder keg? They had been fighting for 400 plus years. Austria-hungry had control of what country? What was the name of the nationalist group who assissnated that guy? What was that guys name? Why did they assassinate him? Then who declared war on Serbia?
  15. 15.  Then who mobilized to help Serbia? Then Germany declared war on who? And then Germany invades who through neutral________ Who made up the Central Powers? Who made up the Allied Powers? How many fronts did the Central Powers had to fight on? What were the two fronts for WWI? What was the new development in warfare that caused the war to drag on and on?
  16. 16.  What was the first major turning point in the war? What was the second major turning point in the war? What happened to Czar Nicholas as a result of the Russian Revolution? Who led the Russian Revolution? What was his political party? Government system? How did the US contribute to the war effort? What did the Turks do to the Armenians? Why did the Turks kill the Armenians? What did President Wilson want in his 14 points?
  17. 17.  What was the main difference between the treat of Versailles and Wilsons 14 points? What was one of the major effects of the post war treatise? A change in… What country popped up and then was the center of attack for Germany and Russia? How did the people feel after ww1? What was the name of the 3 authors of the lost generation that reflected post war dissillusionment?
  18. 18.  What is a totalitarian government? Give an example of political control Give an example of economic control Give an example of cultural control What was the collectivization of agriculture? What happened to the people of Russian as a result of the collectivization of agriculture? What was distinct in regard to Hitler and the Nazis?
  19. 19. Turning point in the war… Russian Revolution
  20. 20. A little bit of Background info. Russian had a monarchy CZAR Nicholas II Wife Alexandra Russia is large industrial country
  21. 21.  Early 1900’s there were rumblings of revolution Nobles vs working class
  22. 22. As a distraction… Lets go to war with Japan!!!! Annihilation for Russia
  23. 23. WE COME IN PEACE! Peaceful group of poor workers Present Czar NicholasII with a petition grievances
  24. 24. How do you think the Czarresponded?
  25. 25. Czar ordered troops to fire on thepeaceful group
  26. 26. 1907 Russia suffers from afamine Food shortage People are starving
  27. 27. 1914 Russia enter WWI On the Allies side Backing up Serbia Suffering Countless defeats Eastern front 1 million dead 1 million captured Very low wages!
  28. 28. WE HAVE HAD IT! InternalDissent February 1917 Revolution breaks out Czar Nicholas abdicates throne Later executed
  29. 29. Let me introduce you to… Vladimir Lenin His homie Leon Trotsky Bolsheviks-majority Communists Pulled out of WWI
  30. 30. How did this effect the EasternFront?
  31. 31.  Germany Stop fighting Eastern Front Troop Go to Western Front
  32. 32. 2nd Major Turning point of the war United States entered the war What two thing caused the US to enter the war?
  33. 33. Sinking of the Lusitania
  34. 34. Zimmerman Telegram
  35. 35. By April 1917 German U-Boats Sank a total of 3 American ships Bound for Great Britain
  36. 36. June 1918 US troops Arriving in France 250,000 a month Tons of food 10 billion in loans Allied governments
  37. 37. By August 1918 German troops Exhausted Americans Energized Eager to fight Ambiens, France Desirve battle 300 Allied broke through German Lines
  38. 38. November 9th German Kaiser gave up his throne November 11th new German government Signed an armistice Agreement to end the war