US History 18.1


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  • US History 18.1

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 18: A Divided Nation Section 1: The Debate Over Slavery
    2. 2. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Mexican-American War reignited the debate over slavery </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Some proposed extending the Missouri Compromise line </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Wilmot Proviso —stated that slavery was not permitted in the Mexican Cession </li></ul>David Wilmot
    5. 5. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Sectionalism —a devotion to the interest of one region rather than those of the entire country </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty —principle that would allow voters in a particular territory to decide whether they wanted to ban or permit slavery </li></ul>Lewis Cass
    7. 7. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>Election of 1848 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major issue: slavery in the Mexican Cession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats & Whigs fail to take firm stance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formation of Free Soil Party— supported Wilmot Proviso </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. The Expansion of Slavery Martin Van Buren Free Soil Party Zachary Taylor Whig Party Lewis Cass Democratic Party
    9. 10. The Expansion of Slavery <ul><li>California seeks admission to Union </li></ul><ul><li>Adding a free state would upset free/slave state balance </li></ul>
    10. 11. The Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>Henry Clay : created the Compromise of 1850 to resolve the issue of California’s admission to the Union </li></ul>
    11. 12. The Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>Compromise of 1850 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA admitted as a free state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexican Cession divided into New Mexico & Utah territories—slavery decided by popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. The Compromise of 1850 <ul><li>Compromise of 1850: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stronger fugitive slave law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave trade banned in Washington D.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texas give up claims in NM in exchange money to pay debts from Republic days </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Fugitive Slave Act —law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves; allowed for the arrest of escaped slaves in areas where slavery was illegal and required their return to their owners </li></ul>
    14. 15. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Suspected fugitive slaves could be taken before a U.S. commissioner </li></ul><ul><li>Slaveholders prove ownership through testimony of white witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Accused fugitives could not testify in own defense </li></ul>
    15. 16. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Commissioners paid $5 when they rejected claim </li></ul><ul><li>Commissioners paid $10 when they returned a suspected fugitive </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties: 6 months in jail & $1000 fine </li></ul>
    16. 17. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Opposed and resisted by abolitionists </li></ul>
    17. 18. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Anthony Burns : fugitive slave who abolitionists tried to rescue from jail </li></ul>Anthony Burns
    18. 19. Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>Deputy marshal killed </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to slavery in Virginia </li></ul>
    19. 20. Antislavery Literature Sojourner Truth Frederick Douglass
    20. 21. Antislavery Literature <ul><li>Uncle Tom’s Cabin : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kindly old slave who is sold to a vicious cotton planter </li></ul></ul>Harriet Beecher Stowe
    21. 22. Antislavery Literature <ul><li>Sold 2 million copies </li></ul><ul><li>Sparked outrage in the South, praise in the North </li></ul>