The Divisive Politics of Slavery


Published on

Brief Presentation on the issue of slavery and the Compromise of 1850.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Divisive Politics of Slavery

  1. 1. Section 10.1
  2. 2.  North  industrialized rapidly  railroads carrying raw materials east and manufactured goods west  small towns quickly emerged as big cities  telegraph wires provided a network of communication  immigrants increased in numbers to work in factories and many opposed slavery for their own reasons
  3. 3. • South • rural society with plantations and small farms • more rivers were used to transport goods • few immigrants in the South but those that did opposed slavery • white Southerners feared restrictions on slavery would lead to social and economic revolution
  4. 4.  Wilmot Proviso  introduced by Pennsylvanian Democrat David Wilmot  slavery would not exist in any territory acquired from the war with Mexico  the House approved but the Senate rejected it
  5. 5.  California  entered the Union as a free state which caused alarm for the South  President Zachary Taylor supported the admission of California and said the South could counter abolitionism more effectively if they left slavery up to each territory and not Congress
  6. 6.  In 1849 when Congress opened its sessions there were many issues  question of California statehood  slave state Texas’ claims to parts of New Mexico  Northerners wanted an end to slavery in Washington, DC  Southerners accused Northerners of not obeying the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793  some threats from the South for secession
  7. 7. John C. Calhoun  Demanded slavery be allowed throughout the territories won in war with Mexico  If not the South would secede  Forced a compromise by standing by his position of secession
  8. 8. Daniel Webster  Favored the Northern position that slavery should NOT be extended into the territories  Moved for compromise when Calhoun threatened to secede  Getting on board with the Compromise helped delivered northern votes
  9. 9. Henry Clay “The Great Compromiser”  Sought to preserve the Union  Wrote the Compromise but could not deliver it because he was ill  As a Southerner he delivered the Southern votes
  10. 10.  Compromise of 1850 - The provisions of the compromise were:  California be admitted as a free state (North )  New and more effective fugitive slave law (South )  Residents of new territories in New Mexico and Utah had popular sovereignty over the issue of slavery (North and South )  US would pay Texas $10 million to surrender claims in New Mexico (North/South )  Sale of slaves banned in Washington, DC but slavery could continue (North/South )  Calhoun would fight against it, Webster would speak for it and his speech would be one of the most famous in the history of the Senate
  11. 11. Stephen A. Douglas  Also sought unity & compromise  Had presidential aspirations so he wanted to settle national tensions  After its initial defeat, Douglas introduced the terms of the Compromise one provision at a time
  12. 12.  President Taylor would die in July and Millard Fillmore would become President and Fillmore supported the Compromise  Calhoun would die and some southern leaders would favor the compromise