US History Ch 19.2

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  • US History Ch 19.2

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 19: The Civil War Section 2: The War in the East
    2. 4. Two Armies Meet <ul><li>July 1861: Lincoln order march on Manassas and Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Irvin McDowell : led Union soldiers in First Battle of Bull Run </li></ul>Gen. Irvin McDowell
    3. 5. Two Armies Meet <ul><li>Poorly trained soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Forces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA: 35,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA: 35,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Union troops drive left side of Confederate line </li></ul>
    4. 6. Two Armies Meet <ul><li>“ There is Jackson standing like a stone wall!” </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson holds position and rallies against Union lines </li></ul>Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson
    5. 7. Two Armies Meet <ul><li>Confederates receive reinforcements </li></ul><ul><li>Union army retreats </li></ul><ul><li>Realization this will be a long war </li></ul>
    6. 9. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>Nov 1861: George McClellan takes command of Union army </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln orders McClellan back into Virginia </li></ul>Gen. George B. McClellan
    7. 10. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>April 1862: McClellan encamped near Yorktown, VA </li></ul><ul><li>Fears he is outnumbered </li></ul><ul><li>Confederates reinforce Richmond </li></ul>Mr. Taylor & Gen. McClellan
    8. 11. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>May 1862: McClellan takes Yorktown </li></ul><ul><li>Armies fight near Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee appointed commander of Confederate troops </li></ul>
    9. 12. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>West Point graduate </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed secession, slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Offered Union command </li></ul><ul><li>“ I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children.” </li></ul>Gen. Robert E. Lee
    10. 13. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>Summer 1862: Lee hopes to force McClellan way from Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Day’s Battle </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA: 16,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA: 20,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lee forces retreat by McClellan </li></ul>
    11. 14. More Virginia Battles <ul><li>Lincoln order John Pope to advance on Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Second Battle of Bull Run </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate victory </li></ul><ul><li>Union driven out of Virginia </li></ul>Gen. John Pope
    12. 15. Pvt. Edwin Francis Jemison 2nd Louisiana Regiment, C.S.A.
    13. 16. The Battle of Antietam <ul><li>Confederates move war northward </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Break Union spirit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain foreign support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>September 4, 1862: 40,000 Confederate soldiers enter Maryland </li></ul>
    14. 17. The Battle of Antietam <ul><li>September 17, 1862: Armies clash at Antietam Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA: 12,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSA: 13,000 </li></ul></ul>
    15. 18. The Battle of Antietam <ul><li>Battle of Antietam: the bloodies single-day battle in U.S. history </li></ul><ul><li>Stops Confederate northward advance </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan fails to pursue Lee </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan fired </li></ul>
    16. 27. The War at Sea <ul><li>Union had industry to build ships </li></ul><ul><li>Blockade cut off southern trade </li></ul><ul><li>Blockade runners </li></ul>
    17. 28. The War at Sea <ul><li>Confederacy captured Norfolk naval yard </li></ul><ul><li>Rechristened U.S.S. Merrimack to C.S.S. Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Ironclad —heavily armored ships </li></ul>
    18. 29. The War at Sea <ul><li>March 1862: C.S.S. Virginia rams and sinks two U.S. Navy ships at Hampton Roads </li></ul><ul><li>U.S.S. Monitor: Union ironclad </li></ul>
    19. 33. The War at Sea <ul><li>March 9, 1862: Battle of Hampton Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Ironclads fight for several hours </li></ul><ul><li>Neither ship seriously damaged, battle ends in draw </li></ul>

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