Bell Ringer <ul><li>Why is the balance of slave states and free states important to early American government? </li></ul>
Annexation of Texas <ul><li>South favored adding Texas because it would be a slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress votes...
Mexican-American War <ul><li>Dispute over boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>American settlers declare California an independen...
Missouri Compromise of 1820 <ul><li>Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state, but Maine would enter as a free state...
 
Quick Review <ul><li>Why did the US go to war with Mexico? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Southern States want Texas to join th...
Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>Kansas and Nebraska permitted to hold elections to determine they would be free or slave. </li...
The Caning of Charles Sumner
Key Question <ul><li>If a slave is taken North passed the Missouri line, is that slave free?  Why or why not? </li></ul>
The Dred Scott Decision <ul><li>Scott v. Sandford </li></ul><ul><li>Scott sues for his freedom when taken to free state </...
John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>October, 1859 John Brown leads an attack on an arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, VA. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Election of 1860 <ul><li>Democratic party split North/South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North:  Stephen Douglas </li></ul></ul><...
Election of 1860
Quick Review <ul><li>Why did Kansas become a battle ground between abolitionists and slavery supporters? </li></ul><ul><li...
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3.4

  1. 1. Bell Ringer <ul><li>Why is the balance of slave states and free states important to early American government? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Annexation of Texas <ul><li>South favored adding Texas because it would be a slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress votes to annex Texas in 1845 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico sees addition as an act of war </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mexican-American War <ul><li>Dispute over boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>American settlers declare California an independent republic and force out Mexican troops. </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo sets modern borders </li></ul>
  4. 4. Missouri Compromise of 1820 <ul><li>Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state, but Maine would enter as a free state. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to balance slave and free states to keep both groups happy. </li></ul><ul><li>Outlawed slavery north of Missouri </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36’ 30’’ </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Quick Review <ul><li>Why did the US go to war with Mexico? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Southern States want Texas to join the Union? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the goal of the Missouri Compromise when it came to slave and free states? </li></ul>
  6. 7. Kansas-Nebraska Act <ul><li>Kansas and Nebraska permitted to hold elections to determine they would be free or slave. </li></ul><ul><li>Both pro-slavery and abolitionist supporters migrate to Kansas to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding Kansas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreements turn violent </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. The Caning of Charles Sumner
  8. 9. Key Question <ul><li>If a slave is taken North passed the Missouri line, is that slave free? Why or why not? </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Dred Scott Decision <ul><li>Scott v. Sandford </li></ul><ul><li>Scott sues for his freedom when taken to free state </li></ul><ul><li>Court ruled that slaves were property </li></ul>
  10. 11. John Brown’s Raid <ul><li>October, 1859 John Brown leads an attack on an arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, VA. </li></ul><ul><li>Brown’s rebellion crushed by Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Brown hanged for treason </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes martyr to abolitionists </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Democratic party split North/South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North: Stephen Douglas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South: John Breckinridge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans run Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln wins Presidency without a single Southern vote (Wasn’t on the ballot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only wins 39% of the popular vote. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Election of 1860
  13. 14. Quick Review <ul><li>Why did Kansas become a battle ground between abolitionists and slavery supporters? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the Dred Scott decision a blow to the abolitionist movement? </li></ul><ul><li>How did John Brown contribute to North-South tensions? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the election of 1860 controversial? </li></ul>

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