Compromise Of 1850

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rundown of various compromises designed to stave off Civil War for a little while longer, as well as some causes of the war.

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Compromise Of 1850

  1. 1. The Compromise of 1850
  2. 2. Why another compromise? <ul><li>1) California wanted to become a FREE state </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2) The U.S. gained new territory from a war with Mexico </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>3) Without Balance in Senate, the South might secede (leave the Union) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What was the Compromise of 1850? <ul><li>There were 5 parts </li></ul><ul><li>1) CA was admitted to the Union as a FREE state </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>2) Popular Sovereignty would decide slavery issue in New Mexico & Utah </li></ul>
  7. 7. Popular Sovereignty: <ul><li>Definition: People have the power. Issues should be decided by voting . Majority Rule </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>3) Can’t buy or sell slaves in Washington D.C. (slavery still legal there) </li></ul>
  9. 9. 4) The borders of Texas & New Mexico were fixed
  10. 10. 5) The Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>ALL citizens MUST help capture runaway slaves or face jail time & $1000 fine </li></ul><ul><li>$1000 in 1849 = $30,000 in 2009 </li></ul>
  11. 11. How do you think Northerners & Abolitionists felt about the Fugitive Slave Act?
  12. 12. Northerners could not stomach the Fugitive Slave Act <ul><li>They became more and more angry about it. </li></ul>
  13. 13. More and more northerners believed slavery to be evil & wrong
  14. 14. A book helps start the Civil War “ So you’re the little lady who started this great war.”
  15. 15. Uncle Tom’s Cabin <ul><li>1852 written by Harriet Beecher Stowe </li></ul><ul><li>Story of kind, religious slave named Uncle Tom and evil slave owner Simon Legree </li></ul><ul><li>Northerners grew even more disgusted with slavery </li></ul>
  16. 17. How do you think Southerners felt about Uncle Tom’s Cabin ?
  17. 18. The Wilmot Proviso <ul><li>An amendment to a bill. The proviso would have outlawed slavery in the new territories acquired from Mexico, including California. The Proviso passed the house, but not the Senate </li></ul><ul><li>The creation of the Republican Party in 1854 was based on an abolitionist platform that agreed with the Wilmot Proviso. </li></ul><ul><li>No slavery in any new territories became a Republican ideal, with Wilmot himself emerging as Republican Party leader. The Wilmot Proviso, helped to create the Republican Party </li></ul>
  18. 19. Sectionalism: <ul><li>Being loyal to a part of the country instead of the whole country </li></ul>
  19. 21. Quick Review: <ul><li>On a half sheet of paper answer the following questions (use your notes) </li></ul><ul><li>1) What was the goal of the Missouri Compromise & Compromise of 1850? </li></ul><ul><li>2) Give one reason each why Northerners & Southerners were unhappy with the Compromise of 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>3) How did sectionalism help cause the Civil War? </li></ul>
  20. 22. Civil War Triggers <ul><li>What were the main causes of the Civil War? </li></ul>
  21. 23. Your Task Now <ul><li>When directed, gather into groups </li></ul><ul><li>All group members are to READ the materials given to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Group members should attempt to answer the following questions before creating presentations </li></ul>
  22. 24. Questions to answer <ul><li>1) WHO : was involved? </li></ul><ul><li>2) WHAT : happened? </li></ul><ul><li>3) WHY : did this happen? </li></ul><ul><li>4) WHERE : did this happen (North or South)? </li></ul><ul><li>5) WHEN : did this happen? </li></ul><ul><li>6) HOW : did this help to trigger the Civil War? </li></ul>

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