US History Ch 15.2

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US History Ch 15.2

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 15: New Movements in America Section 2: Immigrants & Cities
  2. 2. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>1840—1860 : More than 4 million immigrants settle in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3 million Irish or German </li></ul><ul><li>Fleeing unfavorable economic/political conditions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Mid 1840s: potato blight left many families in Ireland without any food </li></ul><ul><li>1 million + die </li></ul><ul><li>Many flee to U.S. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Most immigrants arrived poor </li></ul><ul><li>Women worked as domestic servants </li></ul><ul><li>Men could only find unskilled jobs </li></ul>
  5. 6. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>1848: Germans revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrate to escape persecution and for economic reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants, Catholics, Jews </li></ul>
  6. 7. Waves of Immigrants <ul><li>Became farmers in Midwestern states </li></ul><ul><li>Often took low-paying jobs </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Nativist Response <ul><li>Immigrants drawn to industrial jobs in the Northeast </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants filled need for cheap labor </li></ul><ul><li>Native-born citizens feared losing jobs to immigrants </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Threatened by cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Nativists —U.S. citizens who opposed immigration </li></ul>The Nativist Response
  9. 12. The Nativist Response <ul><li>Know-Nothing Party —wanted to exclude Catholics & foreigners from public office </li></ul>The Know-Nothing Party was anti-Catholic
  10. 13. Those Know-Nothings are a bunch of haters!
  11. 16. Growth of Cities <ul><li>Industrial Revolution led to new jobs in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Revolution helped make it easier to move </li></ul><ul><li>Cities grew rapidly </li></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Middle Class —social and economic level between the wealthy & poor </li></ul><ul><li>New entertainment: libraries, clubs, theaters </li></ul>Growth of Cities
  13. 18. Urban Problems <ul><li>Limited transportation = crowded conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Riots </li></ul><ul><li>Tenements —dirty, overcrowded, & poorly built housing </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Lack of public sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Disease & epidemics </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of police/fire protection </li></ul>Urban Problems

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