TX History Ch 18.5


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TX History Ch 18.5

  1. 1. Chapter 18: Texas & the Civil War Section 5: The End of the War
  2. 2. The War Draws to a Close <ul><li>Union forces move into South after fall of Vicksburg and Gettysburg </li></ul><ul><li>April 1864: Ulysses Grant takes command of Union army </li></ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee put on the defensive </li></ul>Ulysses S. Grant
  3. 3. The War Draws to a Close <ul><li>General William T. Sherman is remembered for his deliberately destructive march through Georgia & the Carolinas . </li></ul>William T. Sherman
  4. 6. The War Draws to a Close <ul><li>April 9, 1865: Robert E. Lee surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia </li></ul>
  5. 9. Battle at Palmito Ranch <ul><li>May 1865: word of surrender reaches Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds of soldiers leave for home </li></ul><ul><li>General E. Kirby Smith urges soldiers to continue war </li></ul>Edmund Kirby Smith
  6. 10. Battle at Palmito Ranch <ul><li>May 12, 1865: Union troops move inland towards Brownsville </li></ul><ul><li>The last land battle of the war took place in Texas after Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. </li></ul>
  7. 11. Battle at Palmito Ranch <ul><li>Confederate & Union forces clash at Palmito Ranch </li></ul><ul><li>Confederate troops win battle taking 100 Union prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>Won the battle, but lost the war </li></ul>
  8. 12. Consequences of War <ul><li>620,000 Americans killed in Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Deadliest conflict in U.S. history </li></ul><ul><li>90,000 Texans served in the Civil War </li></ul>
  9. 13. Consequences of War <ul><li>At the end of the war, Texas was in a state of political and economic collapse. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton trade had almost come to a stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State government officials fled to Mexico </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Consequences of War <ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation —decreed that slaves were free in areas rebelling under the United States </li></ul>Emancipation Proclamation