US History Ch 19.3

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US History Ch 19.3

  1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 19: The Civil War Section 4: Life During the War
  2. 2. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>Lincoln supported freeing slaves if it would help the Northern war effort </li></ul>
  3. 3. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>Problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern prejudice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves considered property </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No constitutional power to end slavery </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>Military order </li></ul><ul><li>Emancipation Proclamation —declared slaves free in those areas controlled by the Confederacy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>July 22, 1862: Lincoln discusses emancipation with cabinet </li></ul>
  6. 6. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>Advised to wait </li></ul><ul><li>Announced after victory at Antietam </li></ul><ul><li>Issued September 22, 1863 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Freeing the Slaves <ul><li>100 days to lay down arms </li></ul><ul><li>Effective January 1, 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged slaves to escape to Union lines </li></ul>
  8. 9. African Americans & the War <ul><li>Union navy permitted African American to volunteer </li></ul><ul><li>Calls to allow African Americans in Union Army </li></ul><ul><li>Practical reason: need for soldiers </li></ul>
  9. 10. African Americans & the War <ul><li>July 1862: Congress allows African Americans to serve as laborers </li></ul><ul><li>1862: War Department allows contrabands to join Union Army </li></ul><ul><li>Contrabands —escaped slaves </li></ul>
  10. 13. African Americans & the War <ul><li>54th Massachusetts —infantry unit consisting mostly of African Americans who played a role in the capture of Ft. Wagner </li></ul>
  11. 15. African Americans & the War <ul><li>180,000 served in Union army </li></ul><ul><li>Less pay </li></ul><ul><li>Served under white officers </li></ul><ul><li>Danger from Confederates </li></ul>
  12. 16. Problems in the North <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emancipation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Casualties </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. Problems in the North <ul><li>Copperheads —northern Democrats who opposed the war </li></ul>
  14. 18. Problems in the North <ul><li>Other problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>March 1863: enactment of draft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspension of habeas corpus </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Problems in the North <ul><li>Habeas corpus —constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment </li></ul>
  16. 20. Southern Struggles <ul><li>Naval blockade cut off supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Prices shot up </li></ul><ul><li>Draft law (exclusions) </li></ul>
  17. 21. Life on the Home Front <ul><li>Young & old worked in factories & farms </li></ul><ul><li>Southern women ran farms and plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Women played role in providing medical care </li></ul>
  18. 22. Life on the Home Front Dorthea Dix Clara Barton
  19. 23. Life on the Home Front <ul><li>Uncomfortable, unhealthy camps </li></ul><ul><li>Twice as many soldiers died from disease </li></ul>

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