TX History Ch 20.3


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TX History Ch 20.3

  1. 1. Chapter 20: The Indian Wars Section 3: The Red River War
  2. 2. The Battle of Adobe Walls <ul><li>Spring 1874: Situation desperate for Plains Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Isatai calls for war to drive out buffalo hunters </li></ul><ul><li>June 1874: Plains Indians leaders, including Quanah Parker & Lone Wolf meet </li></ul>Quanah Parker
  3. 3. The Battle of Adobe Walls <ul><li>Target trading post at Adobe Walls </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Adobe Walls —where 700 Indians attacked a trading post and were defeated by fewer than 30 whites with buffalo guns </li></ul>
  4. 4. The caption on this illustration reads: &quot;Glistening with war paint and decked in his battle raiment, every Indian believed that he galloped to certain victory.&quot; “ The Battle of Adobe Walls,&quot; Pearson's Magazine , January 1908.
  5. 5. The Battle of Adobe Walls <ul><li>Four defenders died </li></ul><ul><li>12 to 30 Indians died </li></ul><ul><li>Plains Indians launch attacks in CO, KS, NM, OK, & TX </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Gen. William T. Sherman ordered to attack raiding Indians “wherever found…the Reservation lines should be no barrier.” </li></ul><ul><li>Gens. Sherman & Sheridan organize campaign to remove Indians </li></ul>General William T. Sherman
  7. 7. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>August 1874: army begins offensive known as “Red River War” </li></ul><ul><li>3000 troops divided into 5 groups headed toward Indian villages along upper Red River </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Texas Rangers participated </li></ul><ul><li>Col. Nelson Miles led force of 750 soldiers against 600 Cheyenne who escaped in late August </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Maj. William Price defeated a band of Indians near Sweetwater Creek </li></ul><ul><li>Col. John Davidson & LTC George Buell’s forces destroyed many Indian villages and forced many Indians onto reservations </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie learned that Comanche, Kiowa, & Cheyenne are camping in Palo Duro Canyon </li></ul>Palo Duro Canyon
  11. 11. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Sept. 28, 1874: Mackenzie & 500 troops enter canyon </li></ul><ul><li>Launch surprise attack against villages </li></ul><ul><li>Killed three Comanche </li></ul>Ranald Mackenzie
  12. 12. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Mackenzie defeated the Comanche at Palo Duro Canyon by destroying their villages, horses & supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Flee out on the Plains </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Leave behind supplies, including 1400 horses </li></ul><ul><li>Mackenzie ordered horses shot </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered men to burn villages </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon <ul><li>Battle of Palo Duro Canyon —battle which finally defeated the Texas Plains Indians by wiping out their horses, villages, & supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Indians left with no choice but to accept reservation life </li></ul>