TX History Ch 19.3


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TX History Ch 19.3

  1. 1. Chapter 19: Reconstruction Section 3: The Davis Administration
  2. 2. Bellwork <ul><li>What are some actions the new Republican government in Texas should take to address problems & issues? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Davis Administration <ul><li>Edmund J. Davis elected governor in 1869 </li></ul>Edmund J. Davis
  4. 4. The Davis Administration <ul><li>Legislature dominated by Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>11 African Americans </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Davis Administration Matthew Gaines George T. Ruby
  6. 6. The Davis Administration <ul><li>Efforts to stop crime in the state: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KKK had been threatening & murdering African Americans to keep them from expressing political views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a state militia & police force </li></ul></ul>Klu Klux Klan robes
  7. 7. The Davis Administration <ul><li>Education: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created a free public school system for ALL children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State board of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common curriculum & teacher certification </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Davis Administration <ul><li>Economy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements to the state transportation system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issued bonds for rail lines </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Davis Administration <ul><li>The Republican led legislature raised taxes to pay for schools & roads. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Opposition to Reconstruction <ul><li>Scalawag —term used for Texans who supported the Republicans </li></ul>
  11. 11. Opposition to Reconstruction <ul><li>Carpetbaggers — northerners who moved to the South after the war </li></ul>Carpetbag
  12. 12. Opposition to Reconstruction <ul><li>Clashes over state police, militia, & taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Obnoxious Acts —a term used by some Texans for laws passed by the Republican legislature </li></ul>
  13. 13. Opposition to Reconstruction <ul><li>Accusations of taking money by fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Angered when Davis used state police to guard voters in 1872 election </li></ul><ul><li>1872 election: Democrats regain control of legislature </li></ul>
  14. 15. The End of Reconstruction E.J. Davis Republican Richard Coke Democrat vs. Election of 1873
  15. 16. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Election of 1873: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Davis (42,663 votes) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coke (85,549 votes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democrats win control of legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans argue polls closed too early </li></ul>
  16. 17. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Case makes it to Texas Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court declares constitution unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats demand control of government </li></ul>
  17. 18. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Davis allows legislature to meet </li></ul><ul><li>Fears governor’s office will be taken by force </li></ul><ul><li>Calls in armed supporters to take control of first floor of capitol </li></ul>
  18. 19. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Democrats call in armed supporters to take control of legislative chambers on second floor of capitol </li></ul><ul><li>Federal troops refuse to intervene </li></ul><ul><li>Davis steps down </li></ul>
  19. 20. End to Republican Rule <ul><li>E.J. Davis last Republican governor for over 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>1978: Bill Clements will become the first Republican governor since Reconstruction </li></ul>Bill Clements
  20. 21. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Richard Coke —Democrat who became governor in 1874, ending Reconstruction in Texas </li></ul>Richard Coke
  21. 22. The End of Reconstruction Rutherford B. Hayes Republican Samuel Tilden Democrat vs. U.S. Presidential election of 1876
  22. 23. The End of Reconstruction <ul><li>Both candidates claim victory </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise of 1877: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats accept Hayes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hayes ends involvement of Federal troops in Southern political affairs </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. E.J. Davis Administration Accomplishments Criticisms