TX History Ch 22.1

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TX History Ch 22.1

  1. 1. Chapter 22: Railroads & Farming Section 1: The Growth of Railroads
  2. 2. New Railroad Lines <ul><li>State’s economic development slowed by transportation problems </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers and roads unreliable </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming & expensive to ship goods </li></ul>
  3. 3. New Railroad Lines
  4. 4. New Railroad Lines <ul><li>Shipping goods by railroad could reduce freight costs by more than 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War interrupted plans to build rail lines in Texas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1861: 470 miles of rail line </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. New Railroad Lines <ul><li>Biggest difficulty in expanding railroads in Texas was financing their construction </li></ul><ul><li>Many cities issued bonds to pay for rail construction </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution of 1876 banned such local bonds </li></ul>
  6. 6. New Railroad Lines <ul><li>State of Texas enacted a land grant law to help finance rail lines </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad companies received 16 sq. miles of land for every mile of track completed </li></ul>
  7. 7. New Railroad Lines <ul><li>Railroads sold land to finance construction </li></ul><ul><li>More than 30 million acres of public lands were given to railroads to encourage them to lay track across Texas </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Railroad Boom <ul><li>1876-1879: 750 miles of track laid in Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Companies begin a race west </li></ul><ul><li>Lines ran to Mexico border </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Railroad Boom <ul><li>Panhandle one of last regions to receive rail service </li></ul><ul><li>Towns along railroads boomed w/ business </li></ul><ul><li>1879-1889: 6,000 miles of track laid in Texas </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Effects of the Rail Boom <ul><li>New cities born, new areas settled </li></ul><ul><li>Texas more connected to rest of nation </li></ul><ul><li>Goods could be shipped more easily out of state </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Effects of the Rail Boom <ul><li>Junction —meeting places of two or more rail lines </li></ul><ul><li>Cities bypassed by railroads suffered population & economic losses . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Farmers Move West <ul><li>Railroad companies actively promoted farming in West Texas . </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads sold parcels of land to farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers were willing to locate their farms near railroads. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Farmers Move West <ul><li>Farming followed the railroads to the frontier because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered an inexpensive way to ship goods to market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land less expensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies promoted opportunities </li></ul></ul>

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