US History Ch 12.2

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  • US History Ch 12.2

    1. 1. U.S. History Chapter 12: A New National Identity Section 2: Expansion & Improvement
    2. 2. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>1819: Missouri seeks admission as a slave state </li></ul><ul><li>11 free/11 slaves states </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Northern free states controlled House of Representatives due to greater population </li></ul>Old House Chamber
    4. 4. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>New slave state would give Southern slave states a majority in the Senate </li></ul>Old Senate Chamber
    5. 5. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Northern representatives in House pass legislative amendment admitting Missouri with restrictions on slavery: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Banned importation of slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children of slaves became free at age 25 </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Senate rejects amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay fosters a compromise </li></ul>Henry Clay
    7. 7. The Missouri Compromise <ul><li>Missouri Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missouri enters Union as a slave state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maine enters Union as a free state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery prohibited in new territories or states north of 36 º 30’ latitude </li></ul></ul>
    8. 9. Internal Improvements <ul><li>Henry Clay believed the key to avoiding regional conflicts was to link the country together with a national economy </li></ul>Henry Clay
    9. 10. Internal Improvements <ul><li>American System —plan for using high tariffs to fund internal improvements </li></ul>
    10. 11. Internal Improvements <ul><li>Purpose of taxes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Americans from buying foreign goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve roads & canals to better connect the country </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. New Roads & Canals <ul><li>Cumberland Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built 1815-18 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran from Maryland to present-day West Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panic of 1819 halted construction </li></ul></ul>Mile Marker from Cumberland Road
    12. 14. New Roads & Canals <ul><li>National Road: extended portion on the Cumberland Road that stretched to Illinois </li></ul>
    13. 15. New Roads & Canals <ul><li>Erie Canal: ran from Buffalo to Albany </li></ul>
    14. 16. New Roads & Canals <ul><li>Cost NY tax payers $7 million </li></ul>
    15. 17. New Roads & Canals <ul><li>Started a canal building boom </li></ul>
    16. 18. Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams Secretary of State Andrew Jackson U.S. Senator (Tennessee) vs.
    17. 20. Election of 1824 <ul><li>Jackson wins popular vote </li></ul><ul><li>No majority winner in Electoral College </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives to choose winner </li></ul>
    18. 21. Election of 1824 <ul><li>Speaker of the House Henry Clay backed Adams </li></ul><ul><li>House chooses Adams as president </li></ul>John Quincy Adams
    19. 22. Election of 1824 <ul><li>Adams appoints Clay secretary of state </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson supporters claim “corrupt bargain” </li></ul>Henry Clay
    20. 23. Election of 1824 <ul><li>Unpopular in south </li></ul><ul><li>Weak support for goals </li></ul>John Quincy Adams

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