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Emergency First Aid

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A 1-day Emergency First Aid course for workplace, home, recreation acivities and just about anywhere! Distilled from an Instructor-led workshop.

A 1-day Emergency First Aid course for workplace, home, recreation acivities and just about anywhere! Distilled from an Instructor-led workshop.

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  • To be able to acheive those Aims, we’re going to need to ....
  • BEWARE Chicken bones – rot quickly – possible septicaemia / infection
  • Transcript

    • 1. Emergency First Aid
      This presentation is a distilled version of an Instructor-led training event, which we hope you will find useful – we’ve left it in PPT format for you to download and edit as you wish, as we believe there’s no price for helping people in need. Please contact us for details of our courses.
      www.sequentialmanagement.com
    • 2. Course Outline
      Legislation & Training Requirements
      Responsibilities - What is expected of a 1st Aider?
      Accident Assessment – Environment & Casualty
      Basic Life Support (BLS)
      CPR (Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation)
      Trauma – Bleeding, Burns & Fractures
      Shock
    • 3. Course Aims
      To be able to:
      • Administer basic life saving skills
      • 4. Deal with common workplace injuries
      • 5. Manage a first aid incident effectively
    • Objectives
      By being able to identify correct responses to:
      Emergency situations
      Non-breathing casualty
      Common workplace injuries
    • 6. Emergency First Aid
      1. Introduction
    • 7. What is First Aid?
      First Aid
      is the initial assistance or treatment given to someone who is injured or suddenly taken ill.
    • 8. Principles of First Aid
      Preserve Life
      Prevent Condition from getting Worse
      Promote Recovery
    • 9. Legal Requirements (UK)
      Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
      First Aid at Work Regulations 1981
      Approved Code Of Practice (ACOP)
      Industry Required Training
      • Fully Qualified First Aid At Work Courses
      • 10. First Aid At Work Refresher Courses
      • 11. Appointed Persons First Aid Training
    • Training Requirements
      What to do in an Emergency
      Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
      Unconscious Casualty
      First Aid for Wounds and Bleeding
    • 12. Stay Within Your Training!
      You are not a Doctor or Pharmacist!
    • 13. First Aider Role
      Assess First Aid Situation
      • Danger
      • 14. Treatment Required
      Administer First Aid
      Correctly and effectively call the Medical Services.
    • 15. Care with Confidence
      Every casualty needs to feel secure and in safe hands. Create an air of confidence and assurance by:
      Being in control of your own actions reaction to the problem.
      Acting calmly and logically.
      Being gentle but firm.
      Speaking to the casualty kindly but in a clear and purposeful way.
    • 16. Signs & Symptoms
      Signs:
      Use your Senses
      See
      Feel
      Hear
      Smell
    • 17. Signs & Symptoms
      Symptoms:
      Casualty Reported Sensations
      Pain
      Lack of Movement
      Nausea
    • 18. Age Group Definitions
      Adult – 7 years +
      Child – 2 months to 7 years
      Infant – Birth to12 months
    • 19. The Golden Hour
      If the heart stops, Brain Damage can occur after just 3-4 minutes.
    • 20. Personal Safety & Hygiene
      Physical danger
      Hepatitis B/C
      HIV
      Risk Management
    • 21. Dynamic Risk Assessment
      • Hazard Identification
      • 22. Risk Assessment – who is at risk
      • 23. Risk Control – control measures
      • 24. Risk Elimination
      • 25. Decision – Benefits
      • 26. Action / No Action
      The application of the risk management process during the activities we undertake will lead to the Safe Person Concept.
    • 27. Dynamic Risk Assessment
      Evaluate
      Select Action
      Proceed
      Assess Action
      Consider Alternative
      YES
      Risks versus Benefits
      Do Not Proceed
      Re-Assess Action
      Add Control Measures?
      NO
      YES
      (Based on: HM Fire Inspectorate 1998)
    • 28.
    • 29. Personal Safety & Hygiene
      Hepatitis B/C
      HIV
    • 30. Emergency First Aid
      2. Casualty Assessment
    • 31. Emergency Call
      On the scene of an Accident your aim is to:
      Assess
      Diagnose
      Treat
      Dispose
    • 32. Actions at an Accident Scene
      D Danger
      R Response
      A Airway
      B Breathing
      CCirculation
      D Disability
    • 33. Primary Survey
      Conscious
      or
      Unconscious?
    • 34. Multiple Casualties
      Be sure to assess ALL casualties:
      SAFETY FIRST!
      Those making the most noise are more likely to survive – they’re breathing!
      Look for those who are SILENT
      Non-breathing
      Shock
    • 35. Casualty Assessment
    • 36. The Conscious Casualty
      HISTORY
      What happened?
      When did it happen?
      How did it happen?
      Has it happened before?
      Signs & Symptoms
      Medication
      Inform relatives
    • 37. Causes of Unconsciousness
      F
      I
      S
      H
      S
      H
      A
      P
      E
      D
      Fainting
      Infantile Convulsions
      Shock
      Heart Attack
      Stroke
      Head Injury
      Asphyxia
      Poisoning
      Epilepsy
      Diabetes
    • 38. Emergency Actions - Summary
      Assess the situation Risk Assessment
      Check Casualty All of them!
      Check Response Call Help
      Open Airway (if required)
      Breathe for Casualty (if required)
      Assess Circulation
      Commence CPR (if required)
      Treat other injuries Prioritise
    • 39. Secondary Survey
      Treat other Injuries
    • 40. Emergency First Aid
      3. CPR
    • 41. CPR Protocols - 2009
      Adult – Child – Infant
      30 x Compressions
      2 x Rescue Breaths
    • 42. CPR Protocols
      Adult
      1st Priority 30 Compressions
      Adult Drowning orChild /Infant
      1st Priority 5 Rescue Breathes
    • 43. CPR Protocols
      Adult 30:2 Mouth-Mouth
      • Normal Lung Capacity
      Child 30:2 Mouth-Mouth
      • 50% Normal Lung Capacity
      Infant 30:2 Mouth-Mouth & Nose
      • Like blowingout a candle
    • Rescue Breaths - Adult
    • 44. Rescue Breaths - Child & Infant
    • 45. CPR - Adult
    • 46. CPR - Child
    • 47. CPR - Infant
    • 48. Secondary Survey
      Treat other Injuries
      Bleeding
      Burns
      Bones
      SHOCK
    • 49. Recovery Position
    • 50. Recovery Position
    • 51. Recovery Position
    • 52. Emergency First Aid
      4. Bleeding
    • 53. Bleeding
      Types of Bleeding
      ArterialBright Red - Spurting
      VenousDark Red - Flowing
      CapillaryMedium Red - Trickling
    • 54. Types of Wound
    • 55. Treatment
      P - Position
      E - Examine
      E - Elevate
      P - Pressure
    • 56. Wash hands
      Rinse wound with clean water
      Dry with towel / lint-free cloth
      Cover with sterile dressing
      If a foreign object is embedded in the wound, dress around the object
      Treatment
    • 57. Eye Injuries
      Support the Head
      Dress Injured Eye
      Hospital
    • 58. Other Types of Bleeding
      Nose Bleeds
      Mouth Bleeds
    • 59. Shock
      Don’t forget SHOCK!
    • 60. Emergency First Aid
      5. Burns
    • 61. Burns
      Treatment
      Cool Burn Area
      Apply COOL WATER 10 mins at least
      Remove Constrictions (if possible)
      DO NOT pull away burnt clothing
      Cover burn with STERILE dressing
      Hospital
    • 62. Burns
    • 63. Emergency First Aid
      6. Bones
    • 64. Fractures
    • 65. Treatment
      Steady and Support
      Protect
      Hospital
      Fractures
    • 66. Emergency First Aid
      7. Shock
    • 67. Shock
      There are many causes of shock:
      Heavy loss of Fluids Burns
      Bad News Spinal Cord Injury
      Injury Severe Reactions
      Blood Loss Hypo/Hyperthermia
      Drug Overdose Hypoglycaemia
      Infection Heart Attack
    • 68. Shock
      Signs
      Rapid Pulse
      Pale, Cold & Clammy Skin
      Sweating
    • 69. Shock
      Treatment:
      Lay Down
      Loosen Clothing
      Elevate Legs
      Nil By Mouth
      No Smoking
      Cover with Blanket
      Medical Assistance
      Monitor
    • 70. Emergency First Aid
      8. Other Injuries & Illnesses
    • 71. Heart Attack
      Signs & Symptoms
      Vice-like Pain
      Feeling of Doom
      Breathlessness
      Ashen Skin
      Rapid then Weakening Pulse
    • 72. Heart Attack
      Treatment
      Comfort Casualty
      Call Emergency services
      Give Medication
      Monitor
    • 73. Choking
      Signs & Symptoms
      General symptoms and signs of asphyxia.
      Casualty will be unable to speak or breathe and may be gripping the throat. They may be completely silent.
      Congestion of the face and neck with the veins becoming prominent, blueness of the lips and mouth.
      Possible unconsciousness.
    • 74. Choking
      Look in Mouth - Get the child to cough – if unsuccessful, give 5 back slaps.
      Check their mouth
      If unsuccessful:
      Give up to 5 Abdominal thrusts
      If unsuccessful – send for help.
      Repeat back slaps and check mouth.
    • 75. Choking - Adult
    • 76. Choking- Child
    • 77. Choking - Infant
    • 78. Asthma
      Signs
      Wheezing
      Difficulty Speaking
      Gray Blue Skin
      Loss of Consciousness
    • 79. Asthma
      Treatment
      Comfort
      Inhaler:
      - BrownorBlueorBoth
      Encourage Slow Breathing
      BROWN- Preventative
      BLUE- Relief
    • 80. Hyperventilation
      Treatment:
      Be Firm BUT Reassuring
      Keep Casualty Quite
      Try To Restore Normal Breathing
      Paper Bag
      Seek Medical Advice
    • 81. Seizures - Convulsions & Fits
      Adult (Epilepsy)
      Child (Infections)
      Infant (Infections)
    • 82. Seizures - Convulsions & Fits
      Adult
      Protect Casualty
      Ease Fall
      Protect Head
      Loosen Tight Clothing
      Recovery Position
      Maintain Casualty Dignity
    • 83. Child and Infant (Infection Related)
      Protect from Injury
      Cool Child/Infant (Cool gradually)
      Sponge with Tepid Water
      Recovery Position
      Medical Assistance
      Seizures - Convulsions & Fits
    • 84. Head Injuries
      Concussion
      Cerebral Compression
      Skull Fracture
      Possible Neck Injury
    • 85. Head Injuries
      Signs and Symptoms
      Blow / injury to the head
      Dizziness
      Nausea
      Loss of memory
      Headache
      Concussion – brief impaired consciousness
      Pupils unequal size
      Drowsiness / Disorientation
    • 86. Treatment
      Check Responsiveness
      Monitor
      DO NOT allow to eat, drink or smoke
      Hospital
      Head Injuries
    • 87. Head Injuries
      Treat ALL head injuries as Serious
      There is risk of Brain Damage
    • 88. Strains & Sprains
      Associated with the Softer Structures around Bones and Joints. Usually Sporting Injuries.
    • 89. Strains & Sprains
      Treatment:
      RREST
      IICE
      CCOMPRESS
      EELEVATE
    • 90. Stings
      To relieve pain and swelling apply a cold compress, surgical spirit or a solution of bicarbonate of soda. For jellyfish stings, smooth calamine lotion into the affected area.
    • 91. Stings
      FOR STINGS IN THE MOUTH OR THROAT
      To reduce the swelling give the casualty ice to suck. Alternatively, rinse the mouth with cold water or a solution of water and bicarbonate of soda (one teaspoon to a glass tumbler).
    • 92. Stings
      TREATMENT FOR STINGS IN THE SKIN
      If the sting has been left deeply embedded in the skin, LEAVE ITas further attempts to remove may in fact increase the flow of poison. Seek medical assistance.
      DO NOT squeeze the poison sac because this will force the remaining poison into the skin.
    • 93. Stings
      Anaphylactic Shock
      If breathing becomes difficult, place casualty in the Recovery Position.
      Call Emergency Services immediately
    • 94. Swallowed Objects
      Reassure the casualty and the parents if the casualty is a child.
      Call Emergency Services immediately
      DO NOT give the casualty anything by mouth.
    • 95. Summary Q&A
      Summary
    • Emergency First Aid
      www.sequentialmanagement.com
      All images used are freely available from the web and/or are credited to original owner where relevant and to our knowledge do not infringe copyright.