Drowning

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This word presentation is prepared for DIET Daryaganj ETE trainees while keeping in view their Health and Physical Education curriculum and they are free to use this presentation in anyway as they like.

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Drowning

  1. 1. Prepared By Neeraj Kumar MehraLecturer, Health and Physical Education DIET Daryaganj, New Delhi
  2. 2. Definition The immediate aftereffects of prolonged submersion underwater. This may occur with or without aspiring water into the lungs. Approximately 10% to 15% of all drownings or near drownings occur without aspiration. Drowning accounts for approximately 10,000 deaths in North America each year. 3/16/2012 2
  3. 3.  Confusion or unconsciousness. Little or no breathing or heartbeat. Bluish-white paleness. 3/16/2012 3
  4. 4.  Submersion under water, resulting water in the lungs, causing life threatening changes in the circulating blood. 3/16/2012 4
  5. 5.  Learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR). Encourage all family members-including infants-to learn to swim, alone near the water. Never swim alone. Don’t drink alcohol and swim. 3/16/2012 5
  6. 6.  Diagnostic Measures Your own observation of symptoms. Medical history and physical exam by a doctor. Laboratory Blood tests. 3/16/2012 6
  7. 7.  Not necessary nor useful for this disorder. 3/16/2012 7
  8. 8. Depends on the length of time under water.With early rescue and treatment ,fullrecovery is possible. Special bodymechanisms may permit full recovery fromnear drowning in icy water. 3/16/2012 8
  9. 9.  Body Fluid in the lungs. Permanent brain damage. Lung infection. Heart irregularities, including cardiac arrest and death. 3/16/2012 9
  10. 10. Note: Follow your doctor’s instructions. These instructions are just supplemental. 3/16/2012 10
  11. 11.  If the victim is unconscious and not breathing yell for help. Don’t leave the victim. Begin mouth to mouth breathing immediately. If there is no heartbeat, give external cardic massage. Have someone call for ambulance and medical help. Don’t stop CPR until help arrives. 3/16/2012 11
  12. 12.  The near drowning victim should be taken to the nearest hospital fro intensive care –even if the victim has regained consciousness. Complications due to heart-rhythm disturbances may occur 24-28 hours after the accident. Remain with a recovering patient to provide support and reassurance. Near –drowning is a traumatic experience. 3/16/2012 12
  13. 13.  Immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) Hospitalization (sometimes)to lower body temperature, to induce coma with medicines. Hospitalization for observation for delayed serious reactions 3/16/2012 13
  14. 14.  Not Appropriate 3/16/2012 14
  15. 15.  Your doctor may prescribe: Oxygen Drugs to prevent or treat lung inflammation. Antibiotics to prevent lung infection. 3/16/2012 15
  16. 16.  Complete bed rest is necessary until activity is permitted by the doctor. 3/16/2012 16
  17. 17.  Intravenousnutrients, if the victim is unconscious upon hospitalisation.After recovery, no special diet is necessary. 3/16/2012 17
  18. 18.  Someone appear to have drowned. Call for emergency help immediately. Signs of infection (fever, cough,fatigues) appear after recovery. 3/16/2012 18
  19. 19. 3/16/2012 19

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