National REDD strategy Panama


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George Richa, Head of Environmental Economics Unit, Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente (ANAM), Panama

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  • National REDD strategy Panama

    1. 1. REDD: Complement to the futures climate Oslo, Norway October 2008 George Richa V. Environmental Economics Unit
    2. 2. Forest Coverage Map, 1947
    3. 4.
    4. 5. REVIEW ON DEFORESTATION <ul><li>1947 forest coverage was close to 70%. </li></ul><ul><li>1,591,303 Ha deforested from 1947 to 1992 (35,362 Ha/year). </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992 forest coverage was 49.3% </li></ul><ul><li>377,264 Ha of forest were deforested between 1992 and 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Deforestation rate increased to 47,158 Ha/year. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000 forest coverage was just above 45% </li></ul><ul><li>Our goal since 2005 and for the next 3 to 5 years is to reduce the deforestation rate to less than 31,000 Ha/year. </li></ul><ul><li>Long term goal (2015-2018): 0 Ha/year. </li></ul>
    5. 6. 05/06/09 Estimated CO 2 emissions CUTS for 2005: 11,572,600 40% reduction goal for 1994 CUTS emission by 2010-2013: 4,629,040
    6. 7. Driving factors of Deforestation in Panamá <ul><ul><ul><li>Squandering of our natural resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advance of agricultural frontier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raze and burn practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsustainable grazing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unsustainable forestry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illegal Logging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advance of urban frontier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty and extreme poverty? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 8. REDD Implementation Strategy <ul><li>National Environmental Strategy (Renewed) </li></ul><ul><li>Public Environmental Policies (7) </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development Programs / Provincial (CONADES) </li></ul><ul><li>ANAM’s Investment Project Portfolio (28 projects) </li></ul>REDD Measures <ul><li>Key Stakeholders: </li></ul><ul><li>Local Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Community </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Communities </li></ul>
    8. 9. REDD: Objectives <ul><li>Development Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives to increase technical assistance and income for rural communities and help them better adapt to changes . </li></ul><ul><li>National Environmental Objective : </li></ul><ul><li>To establish the link between mitigation and adaptation measures to help improve environmental quality, avoid deforestation and promote sustainable development. In other words establish an integrated watershed management program. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Environmental Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of biodiversity of international importance, protection and sustainable use of mountain and coastal forest ecosystems and climate change mitigation. </li></ul>
    9. 10. Environmental Businesses <ul><li>Community Based Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Local NGO’s </li></ul><ul><li>Local Watershed Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Water Administration Boards </li></ul><ul><li>Health Committees </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development Committees (CDS) </li></ul><ul><li>Local PTA’s (school) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Relation with ANAM </li></ul><ul><li>Within Protected Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Concession </li></ul><ul><li>Service Concession </li></ul><ul><li>Group Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Micro and Small Businesses </li></ul>
    10. 11. Community Funding Fuente de Financiamiento Período Monto Fondo de Inversiones Ambientales (CBMAP2) 6 años 8,000,000 ACP - gobierno de USA (Canal Basin) 3 años 1,200,000 Fideicomiso Ecológico anual 1,000,000 Programa de Pequeñas Donaciones PPD/GEF anual 350,000 Proyecto Adaptación para la cuenca de Tabasará y Chucunaque 2 años 240,000 Fondo Darién – Canje de Deuda 2 años 209,981 Fondo Chagres – Canje de Deuda 2 años 182,320 Proyectos de Gestión Integrada de Cuencas Hidrográficas 2 años 125,500 Fondo Finlandia/AEA Por concurso
    11. 12. Some Results
    12. 13. Negocios Ambientales en distritos según nivel de pobreza: 2007-2008 Comarcas Indígenas
    13. 16. Funding 2007 2008 (may) Total Groups Ammount Groups Ammount Groups Ammount PPD/GEF 10 159,704 12 154,238 22 313,942 P-CBMAP2 29 539,578 18 363,793 47 903,371 Fondo Darién 11 163,263 8 46,718 19 209,981 Fondo Chagres 11 126,167 8 56,153 19 182,320 FIDECO-ONG 14 805,550 30 1,000,000 44 1,805,550 P-GICH 11 92,500 9 33,000 20 125,500 Fondo Finlandia 10 437,279 6 430,000 16 867,279 Total 96 2,324,041 91 2,083,902 187 4,407,943
    14. 17. Steps towards REDD…
    15. 18. How do we get REDDy? Creation and strengthening of capacities to be provided with technical and professional personnel in the topic of REDD (from the inspection and control, up to the evaluation and monitoring of results). Update of information for the integrated management of hydrographic basins Design and implementation of methodologies for the raising of the national forest historical baseline, as well as for the monitoring of the engagement and fulfillment of REDD objectives. Tools and hardware to create a generation, administration and analysis of information system, as a tool for decision making, specifically for REDD Strengthening of the indigenous peoples and other forest dwellers who reside or work in critical areas of deforestation, through community investment projects.
    16. 19. REDD (Implementation Scheme) Integrated Management of Hydrological Basins National plan for the integated management of hydrological resources National Plan for Forestry Development NATIONAL PROTECTED AREAS PLAN Managemnt Instruments for Adaptation and Mitigation Results Management Monitoring and Evaluation SUPERVISION, CONTROL and INSPECTION OPERATIONAL Within Portected Areas Outside Protected Areas <ul><li>National Environmental Information System </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Technicla Mapping </li></ul>STRATEGIC Social Capital Environmental Businesses Improved Quality of Life Forest Coverage Recovery Imporve Overall Ecosystem Health
    17. 21. Climate Change Policy Commitment to Combat Global Warming For the government of Panama, climate change is a priority, both through adaptation and mitigation. We believe CDM projects are of national interest, as well as important outside Panama’s borders, to help us face the threats of Global Warming as well as the current fuel oil crisis, through the establishment of renewable energy projects and other technologies that help reduce GHG emissions while driving towards a low carbon emission economy. It’s in this sense that we believe that REDD initiatives will help contribute to achieve Sustainable Development and reduce vulnerability as well reduce deforestation.
    18. 23. Gracias…Thanks…Merci… Photo by Sandy Mosquera