Poverty and Environment Initiative in Europe and the CIS Region


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Poverty and Environment Initiative in Europe and the CIS Region

  1. 1. Introduction to <br />the UNDP and UNEP Poverty and <br />Environment Initiative(PEI) <br />Henrieta Martonakova<br />UNDP and UNEP PEI Regional Team<br />UNDP Bratislava Regional Center<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Links between economic development, poverty and environment<br />What is PEI?<br />Why PEI?<br />PEI Objectives<br />PEI Interventions<br />
  3. 3. Links between economic development, poverty and environment<br />Land degradation<br />Over 40% agricultural land and pastures are degraded;<br />over 85% of territory is eroded --- Agriculture employs 65% of the workforce<br />Food security and income<br />Natural disasters: <br />More than 90% of the country’s territory is exposed to over 20 hazardous natural events and processes <br />US$35 million in damages each year<br />KYRGYZSTAN<br />Water scarcity: <br />93% of domestically consumed electricity from hydropower, irrigation intensive agriculture ------- energy and food security, income, <br />Climate change: rising summer temperatures, reduced winter precipitation, loss of surface waters, greater frequency of droughts, land degradation, and flooding.<br />
  4. 4. PEI mission:<br />….. to provide financial and technical <br />support to countries to build capacity for <br />integrating poverty -environment linkages<br />into national, sectoral and decentralized <br />development plans (i.e. PRSPs, CDSs, <br />district plans, sector strategies, etc.)<br />
  5. 5. UNDP-UNEP Poverty- Environment Initiative <br />UNDP and UNEP PEI Partnership <br />UNEPPoverty-EnvironmentProject <br />Supported by Norway, Belgium and Sweden<br />UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative <br />Grew out of WSSD<br />Supported by DFID and EC<br />Donors collectively agreed to support significant scale-up of PEI in 2007<br />UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Facility, established 2007<br />Joint Global PE<br /> Facility<br />Joint Regional <br />Teams<br />PEI Country <br />teams<br />Example of effective on-the-ground UN interagency <br />co-operation<br />
  6. 6. PEI country inter-agency partnership <br />PEI works with BOTH<br />Planning, finance and sector agencies / <br />ministries to integrate environment in <br />planning for sustainable country<br />development<br />Environment agencies / ministries <br />to engage more effectively in planning <br />for sustainable country <br />development<br />
  7. 7. PEI regions and countries<br />
  8. 8. PEI Donors<br />
  9. 9. WHY PEI? <br />Unsustainable use of the environment reduces the social & economic benefits produced<br />E.G. People get sick & die, farmers grow less & earn less<br />Development is hindered by environmental damage<br />The contribution of environment to social & economic development is often poorly understood<br />Environmental sustainability not operationally integrated into national development processes (e.g. PRSPs): Words but not action.<br />
  10. 10. PEI guiding questions <br />Do we recognize links between economic development, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability? <br />Are we able to present / communicate those links effectively to influence planners and decision-makers?<br />Do we have suitable approaches / methodologies for integrating environmental sustainability principles into pro-poor development planning and budgeting?<br />Are we able to apply those methodologies in practice? <br />Do we have environmental sustainability as a priority in P/P/P and reflected in other sectors’ development priorities, objectives and implementing measures? <br />Have the budget allocations for environmentally sustainable activities /measures increased? <br />
  11. 11. 1. Improved collaboration and understanding between key country actors on P-E links<br />Situation analysis: key PE issues; key stakeholders; current management of natural resources, level of mainstreaming, entry points for mainstreaming;<br />Institutional set-up: key partners, multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms; <br />Studies providing evidence on economy – poverty – environment links (economic analysis and valuation of ecosystem goods and services)<br />
  12. 12. Economic analysis<br />Objective: To assess the economic costs and benefits, in monetary and non-monetary terms, of sustainable and unsustainable natural resource use.<br />
  13. 13. Examples of economic analysis findings<br />24% of GDP, 66% of employment, 26% of exports and 39% of tax revenues makes agriculture a major component of the Tajik economy. <br />Half of Bhutan’s revenues are generated by hydropower. <br />From 1997 to 2007, Tajikistan experienced over 200 landslides, mud flows, earthquakes and other hazard events resulting in over 866 deaths and a annual losses averaging $28 million per year. How much could be avoided and saved by taking disaster prevention measures? <br />The annual health costs caused by particulate emissions from diesel-powered vehicles in Colombo in Sri Lanka are for example estimated at more than $200 million in terms of the cost of investigations, drug treatment and personnel cost, doctor’s time and non-medical costs such as costs incurred by the patient for food and accommodation.<br />
  14. 14. 2. P-E links integrated in development planning<br />Identification and application of P-E indicators<br />Integration of PE nexus to national, sub-national and sectoral planning process and final documents<br />Integration of PE nexus to implementation measures<br />Pilot projects to demonstrate PE links on ground <br />
  15. 15. Examples of P-E indicators<br />rate of topsoil erosion, <br />numbers of individuals or households<br /> affected by drought or floods, <br />level of degree of access to resources by the poor, <br />incidence of water-borne diseases in rural areas<br />extent / degree to which the poor can influence <br /> institutions linked to management of rural <br /> livelihoods and environmental resources; <br />number of ministries, agencies and districts with <br /> effective environmental units;<br />
  16. 16. 3. P-E links integrated to budgeting processes<br />Public Expenditure Reviews (PER) in the Environment Natural Resource (ENR) sectors;<br />Guidelines on how to include environmental sustainability in macro & sector budgets, Medium Term Expenditure Frameworks (MTEF);<br />Budgetary development processes, e.g. developing costed proposals for funding environmental sustainability in sector budget (e.g. for soil erosion control);<br />Mechanisms for long-term increase in budgets for environmental sustainability (e.g. environmental fiscal reform, environment-natural resource sector support programmes for funding by major country-based donors;<br />
  17. 17. Awareness raising and capacity development<br />Communication strategies<br />Guidelines<br />Training schemes<br />Experience sharing at regional and global levels<br />
  18. 18. PEI in Europe and the CIS region <br />Tajikistan<br />USD 900,000<br />Sustainable land management<br /><ul><li>14 district development programmes
  19. 19. District Trust Funds and micro-credits
  20. 20. PRS M&E framework
  21. 21. Next PRS (4)</li></ul>Kyrgyzstan<br />USD 970,000 + 350,000 parallel<br />Sustainable pasture management<br /><ul><li>Province and village plans
  22. 22. UN / UNDP programming
  23. 23. Next Country Development Strategy
  24. 24. Debt for nature swaps mechanism</li></ul>Armenia<br />Up to USD 200,000<br /><ul><li> Valuation of ecosystem services</li></li></ul><li>http://www.unpei.org<br />
  25. 25. THANK YOU! <br />For more information:<br />henrieta.martonakova@undp.org<br />nara.luvsan@unep.org<br />