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The Present Tense Of Verbs With Spelling Changes & Irregular  Verbs
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The Present Tense Of Verbs With Spelling Changes & Irregular Verbs

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  • 1. The Present Tense of Irregular Verbs
  • 2. THE PRESENT TENSE OF IRREGULAR VERBS
    • The following verbs have an irregular first person
    • singular form in the present tense. All other
    • forms are regular. -G- verbs, these are, verbs
    • that have an unexpected -g- in the yo form.
    • VERBS WITH –go
    • hacer – ha go
    • poner – pon go
    • salir – sal go
    • caer – cai go
    • traer – trai go
    • valer – val go
    • Verbs conjugated like poner: componer (to compose) , imponer (to
    • impose) , proponer (to propose) , suponer (to suppose) , among
    • others.
    • Verbs conjugated like traer: distraer (to distract) , atraer (to attract)
    • among others.
  • 3. Other Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense
    • The following -g- verbs are irregular in other persons also:
    • venir – vengo , v ie nes, v ie ne, venimos, v ie nen
    • tenir – tengo , t ie nes, t ie ne, tenemos, t ie nen
    • decir – digo , d i ces, d i ce, decimos, d i cen
    • oír – oigo , o y es, o y e, o í mos, o y en
    • decir – digo , d i ces, d i ce, decimos, d i cen
    • OTHER IRREGULAR VERBS
    • These verbs have irregular ‘yo’ forms in the present tense:
    • saber – sé
    • ver – veo
    • dar – doy
    • caber – quepo
    • The verb ir (to go) is also irregular:
    • voy, vas, va, vamos, van
  • 4. VERBS WITH SPELLING CHANGES IN THE PRESENT TENSE
  • 5. Verbs with –zco (infinitives in -cir, -cer)
    • Many verbs ending in –cir and –cer have an irregular first
    • person singular form (the ‘c’ changes to ‘zc’) in the present
    • tense. All other forms are regular.
    • EXAMPLES OF VERBS ENDING WITH –CER
    • merecer mere zco
    • desaparecer desapare zco
    • conocer cono zco
    • obedecer obede zco
    • EXAMPLES OF VERBS ENDING WITH –CIR
    • conducir condu zco
    • producir produ zco
    • traducir tradu zco
  • 6. VERBS IN -jo (infinitives in -ger, gir)
    • Many verbs ending in –ger and –gir have an irregular first
    • person (yo) form in the present tense – the ‘g’ changes to
    • ‘ j’.
    • EXAMPLES OF VERBS WITH –ger ENDINGS
    • coger co j o
    • escoger esco j o
    • proteger prote j o
    • EXAMPLES OF VERBS WITH –gir ENDINGS
    • dirigir diri j o
    • exigir exi j o
  • 7. VERBS ENDING IN -guir
    • Verbs that end with –guir change the ‘gu’ to ‘g’ before ‘o’ in
    • the yo form of the present tense.
    • Distin guir (to distinguish)
    • distin go , distingues, distingue, distinguimos, distinguen
    • Extinguir (to extinguish)
    • extin go , extingues, extingue, extinguimos, extinguen
  • 8. VERBS ENDING IN -guir
    • The verb seguir patterns distinguir, but the e in the
    • Stem changes to i in all forms, except the nosotros .
    • Seguir (to follow/continue)
    • s i go, s i gues, s i gue, seguimos, s i guen
    • This pattern also applies to verbs that end with –seguir.
    • Example: perseguir (to persecute)
    • pers i go, pers i gues, pers i gue, perseguimos, pers i guen
    • Example: proseguir (to proceed)
    • pros i go, pros i gues, pros i gue, proseguimos, pros i guen
  • 9. Activities
    • Find 5 verbs that are conjugated like traer, poner, merecer, conducir, coger and dirigir. Are there other irregular verbs in the present tense? Make a list of them.
    • Choose fifteen of the irregular verbs and use them to write a paragraph about a topic or issue that interests you. You can incorporate regular verbs as well.
    • Make a list, in Spanish, of the things you do regularly.
    • Write an email to a friend in which you tell him the different times of the year that members of your family go to different countries in Latin America.

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