The Present Tense Of Verbs With Spelling Changes & Irregular Verbs


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The Present Tense Of Verbs With Spelling Changes & Irregular Verbs

  1. 1. The Present Tense of Irregular Verbs
  2. 2. THE PRESENT TENSE OF IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>The following verbs have an irregular first person </li></ul><ul><li>singular form in the present tense. All other </li></ul><ul><li>forms are regular. -G- verbs, these are, verbs </li></ul><ul><li>that have an unexpected -g- in the yo form. </li></ul><ul><li>VERBS WITH –go </li></ul><ul><li>hacer – ha go </li></ul><ul><li>poner – pon go </li></ul><ul><li>salir – sal go </li></ul><ul><li>caer – cai go </li></ul><ul><li>traer – trai go </li></ul><ul><li>valer – val go </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs conjugated like poner: componer (to compose) , imponer (to </li></ul><ul><li>impose) , proponer (to propose) , suponer (to suppose) , among </li></ul><ul><li>others. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs conjugated like traer: distraer (to distract) , atraer (to attract) </li></ul><ul><li>among others. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Other Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense <ul><li>The following -g- verbs are irregular in other persons also: </li></ul><ul><li>venir – vengo , v ie nes, v ie ne, venimos, v ie nen </li></ul><ul><li>tenir – tengo , t ie nes, t ie ne, tenemos, t ie nen </li></ul><ul><li>decir – digo , d i ces, d i ce, decimos, d i cen </li></ul><ul><li>oír – oigo , o y es, o y e, o í mos, o y en </li></ul><ul><li>decir – digo , d i ces, d i ce, decimos, d i cen </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER IRREGULAR VERBS </li></ul><ul><li>These verbs have irregular ‘yo’ forms in the present tense: </li></ul><ul><li>saber – sé </li></ul><ul><li>ver – veo </li></ul><ul><li>dar – doy </li></ul><ul><li>caber – quepo </li></ul><ul><li>The verb ir (to go) is also irregular: </li></ul><ul><li>voy, vas, va, vamos, van </li></ul>
  5. 5. Verbs with –zco (infinitives in -cir, -cer) <ul><li>Many verbs ending in –cir and –cer have an irregular first </li></ul><ul><li>person singular form (the ‘c’ changes to ‘zc’) in the present </li></ul><ul><li>tense. All other forms are regular. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES OF VERBS ENDING WITH –CER </li></ul><ul><li>merecer mere zco </li></ul><ul><li>desaparecer desapare zco </li></ul><ul><li>conocer cono zco </li></ul><ul><li>obedecer obede zco </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES OF VERBS ENDING WITH –CIR </li></ul><ul><li>conducir condu zco </li></ul><ul><li>producir produ zco </li></ul><ul><li>traducir tradu zco </li></ul>
  6. 6. VERBS IN -jo (infinitives in -ger, gir) <ul><li>Many verbs ending in –ger and –gir have an irregular first </li></ul><ul><li>person (yo) form in the present tense – the ‘g’ changes to </li></ul><ul><li>‘ j’. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES OF VERBS WITH –ger ENDINGS </li></ul><ul><li>coger co j o </li></ul><ul><li>escoger esco j o </li></ul><ul><li>proteger prote j o </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES OF VERBS WITH –gir ENDINGS </li></ul><ul><li>dirigir diri j o </li></ul><ul><li>exigir exi j o </li></ul>
  7. 7. VERBS ENDING IN -guir <ul><li>Verbs that end with –guir change the ‘gu’ to ‘g’ before ‘o’ in </li></ul><ul><li>the yo form of the present tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Distin guir (to distinguish) </li></ul><ul><li>distin go , distingues, distingue, distinguimos, distinguen </li></ul><ul><li>Extinguir (to extinguish) </li></ul><ul><li>extin go , extingues, extingue, extinguimos, extinguen </li></ul>
  8. 8. VERBS ENDING IN -guir <ul><li>The verb seguir patterns distinguir, but the e in the </li></ul><ul><li>Stem changes to i in all forms, except the nosotros . </li></ul><ul><li>Seguir (to follow/continue) </li></ul><ul><li>s i go, s i gues, s i gue, seguimos, s i guen </li></ul><ul><li>This pattern also applies to verbs that end with –seguir. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: perseguir (to persecute) </li></ul><ul><li>pers i go, pers i gues, pers i gue, perseguimos, pers i guen </li></ul><ul><li>Example: proseguir (to proceed) </li></ul><ul><li>pros i go, pros i gues, pros i gue, proseguimos, pros i guen </li></ul>
  9. 9. Activities <ul><li>Find 5 verbs that are conjugated like traer, poner, merecer, conducir, coger and dirigir. Are there other irregular verbs in the present tense? Make a list of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose fifteen of the irregular verbs and use them to write a paragraph about a topic or issue that interests you. You can incorporate regular verbs as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a list, in Spanish, of the things you do regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>Write an email to a friend in which you tell him the different times of the year that members of your family go to different countries in Latin America. </li></ul>