El Pretérito In Spanish

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Regular Preterit in Spanish

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El Pretérito In Spanish

  1. 1. El Pretérito de los verbos
  2. 2. <ul><li>I talked to my friend. (regular) </li></ul><ul><li>I bought a shirt. (irregular) </li></ul><ul><li>I paid in cash. (irregular) </li></ul>El Pretérito : <ul><li>is a past tense (“-ed”) </li></ul><ul><li>or irregulars in English </li></ul><ul><li>talks about what happened </li></ul><ul><li>is a completed action </li></ul>
  3. 3. The stem for regular verbs in the pretérito is the infinitive stem. <ul><li>To take, to drink Tom ar tom- </li></ul><ul><li>To talk Habl ar habl- </li></ul><ul><li>To eat Com er com- </li></ul><ul><li>To drink Beb er beb- </li></ul><ul><li>To open Abr ir abr- </li></ul><ul><li>To leave Sal ir sal- </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pretérito endings for -ar verbs are: <ul><li>-é </li></ul><ul><li>-aste </li></ul><ul><li>-ó </li></ul><ul><li>-amos </li></ul><ul><li>-asteis </li></ul><ul><li>-aron </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pretérito endings for –er / -ir verbs are: <ul><li>-í </li></ul><ul><li>-iste </li></ul><ul><li>-ió </li></ul><ul><li>-imos </li></ul><ul><li>-isteis </li></ul><ul><li>-ieron </li></ul>
  6. 6. REMEMBER : <ul><li>accents on the “yo” form and the “él / ella / Ud.” form </li></ul><ul><li>-ar / -ir “nosotros” form is the same in present and pretérito </li></ul>
  7. 7. (- ar verbs) <ul><li>Habl é </li></ul><ul><li>habl aste </li></ul><ul><li>habl ó </li></ul><ul><li>habl amos </li></ul><ul><li>habl asteis </li></ul><ul><li>habl aron </li></ul>Por ejemplo: Habl ar = to talk
  8. 8. (- ar verbs) <ul><li>Tom é </li></ul><ul><li>tom aste </li></ul><ul><li>tom ó </li></ul><ul><li>tom amos </li></ul><ul><li>tom asteis </li></ul><ul><li>tom aron </li></ul>Por ejemplo: tom ar = to drink, to take
  9. 9. (-er / -ir verbs) <ul><li>com í </li></ul><ul><li>com iste </li></ul><ul><li>com ió </li></ul><ul><li>com imos </li></ul><ul><li>com isteis </li></ul><ul><li>com ieron </li></ul>Por ejemplo: com er = to eat
  10. 10. (-er / -ir verbs) <ul><li>abr í </li></ul><ul><li>abr iste </li></ul><ul><li>abr ió </li></ul><ul><li>abr imos </li></ul><ul><li>abr isteis </li></ul><ul><li>abr ieron </li></ul>Por ejemplo: abr ir = to open

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