Present Tense ( -ar, -er, -ir) -ar verbs change toO amosAs aisA an -er and -ir verbs change to O emos/imos Es eis E en
Stem Changers When you conjugate Some verbs the undergo stem changes There are three kinds of stem changes o:ue e:ie e:I Example: cerrar (The e changes to ie inside the boot) cierro cerramos cierras cerráis cierra cierran
Irregular “yo” When some verbs are conjugated only the yo form is irregular.Example:Tener TengoVenir VengoHacer Hago
Saber vs. Conocer To talk about whether someone knows a fact or information use the verb saber. To talk about whether somone knows a person or place use the verb conocer. Example: Eduardo sabe mucha información de México. Example: Yo conozco a Juan.
Reflexives A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject of the sentence. Example: lavarse Example in a sentence: Jose se lava. “Jose washed himself”
“Se” Impersonal Se is a pronoun that refers to an undefined group of people. Example: Se habla ingles. (They speak english)
Dipthongs with accents Dipthongs are when two vowels are next to each other in a word so the second vowel is changed. Example: oi oy ui uy The stress is placed on the strong vowel. If the diphthong has two weak vowels, the second one receives the stress
ger/gir, uir/guir, and cer/cir ger/gir, uir/guir, and cer/cir verbs change in the yo from when conjugated into the present. -ger/-gir verbs change the g to j -uir/-giur verbs change the gu to g -cer/-cer verbs with a vowel in front of it change c to zc -cer/-cer verbs with a consonant in front of it change c to z
Hace___+Que+___ Hace + time + que + present tense form of the verb. Example: Hace seis días que corro un maratón.
Imperfecto To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the imperfect tensed drop the –ar and add the appropriate ending. aba ábamos abas abais aba aban To conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in the imperfect tense drop the –er or –ir ending and add the apropriate ending. ía íamos ías, íais ía ían
Preterite Past tense Known beginning/ and or ending “ Snapshot “ of time. Trigger words Ayer Anoche Anteayer La semana pasada…
Regular Conj. A majority of spanish verbs use a regular conjugation in the preterite. -ir -ar o imos a amos es en as an e en- a an -er o emos es en e en-
Car, Gar, Czar (IrregularConjugations) Car – que Gar – gue Zar - ce
Cucaracha Verbs (Irregular Conjugations) The base of the verb changes and you add the appropriate ending Andar-Anduv Estar-Estuv Poder-Pud Poner-Pus Quere-Quis Saber-Sup Tener-Tuv Vener-Vin Conducir-Conduj Producir-Produj Traducir-Traduj Decir-Dij Traer-Traj
Snake/Snakey (IrregularConjugations) Snake Snakey Stem changers Y changers Change in third person Change in third person Dormir Leer Creer Contruir
Comparatives Comparatives compare to things. Mas que Morethan Menos que Less than or fewerthan Tan the same Tanto como As much or as many as
Superlatives Superlatives say that something is the best/most or worst/least at something Example : Juan es mas alto. (Juan is the tallest.) Juanita es la menos juegador de beisbol. (Juanita is the worst baseball player)
Future Tense Verb Endings é emos ás án á án Irregular future verbs. Examples- Decir-dir sabedr –sabr haber – habr salir –saldr poder- podr tener-tendr poner- pondr valer-valdr querer-querr venir-vendr Future tense expresses something that hasn’t occurred yet.. Ex.