People and Places• Murasaki Shikibu – Noble from the Heian period, author of Tale of Genji, believed to be the world’s first novel• Heian
Vocabulary• meditation – Practice of quiet reflection to clear the mind and find inner peace• calligraphy – The art of writing beautifully, this was an art form that was expected knowledge of every well- educated person in Japan• martial arts – Sports that involved combat and self-defense, these came over from China and Korea
Vocabulary Continued…• sect - a smaller group with distinct beliefs within a larger religious group• guild - Business groups formed by artisans and merchants to protect and increase their profits• tanka
Questions1. Many Japanese believed in both Shinto and Buddhism.2. Followers of Zen Buddhism often practiced martial arts, or sports that involve combat and self defense, and meditation.
3. The Japanese borrowed artistic ideas from the countries of China and Korea. They used these ideas to develop their own style which embraces beauty and simplicity.4. The Japanese admired the art of beautiful writing, or calligraphy.
5. What is The Tale of Genji?Tale of Genji is believed to be the world’s first novel, written by Lady Murasaki Shikibu. It tells about the adventures of a Japanese prince in the imperial court.
6. Describe 2 of the art forms the Japanese developed during the Middle Ages.Insert information from slides at school
7. The four main crops of the Japanese include – wheat, barley, millet and rice.8. The 3 main social classes were the nobles, who included the emperor, and government officials; a small but growing class of merchants. The majority of the population were poor farmers.9. The lives of women remained restricted, though some were rulers, warriors, or authors.
Why did Japanese trade improve during 1100’s? Name 3 products traded by the medieval Japanese.Japan increased trade with Korea, China, and Southeast Asia during this time period. They exchanged lacquered goods, sword blades, and copper for silk, dyes, pepper, books and porcelain.