Japanese Religions

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Japanese Religions

  1. 1. Religions & Holidays of the Japanese Culture By: Mike Walsh, Matthew McCullough, Mariah Moore-Butler, Andrew Carpenter
  2. 2. Religions of the Past & Present <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Shinto </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Buddhism <ul><li>6th century </li></ul><ul><li>Migrated from the Korean Penninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Six sects of Nara Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Both Buddhism and Shinto formed one religion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Buddhism <ul><li>Three Forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theravada Buddhism- orthodox and impersonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mahayana Buddhism- personal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vajrayana Buddhism- </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Shinto <ul><li>Means way of God. </li></ul><ul><li>Originated in prehistoric times </li></ul><ul><li>Largest and native religion </li></ul><ul><li>During the 18 th and 19 th century independent sects formed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shinto <ul><li>Merged with Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Separated from Buddhism in 1868 by Emperor Meiji </li></ul><ul><li>Emperor Meiji created State Shinto by combining the three main forms </li></ul><ul><li>State Shinto was abolished in 1945 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shinto <ul><li>Three types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrine Shinto- most popular form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Folk/Popular Shinto- practiced by peasants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperial Household Shinto- practiced by the imperial family </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Confucianism <ul><li>Not practiced as a religion </li></ul><ul><li>Based upon Japanese thought </li></ul><ul><li>Practices proper forms of conduct </li></ul>
  9. 9. Toaism <ul><li>The Way </li></ul><ul><li>Popularized by the philosopher Laozi in the 5th century </li></ul><ul><li>Roots began in China </li></ul><ul><li>Taoist origins continue in contemporary society </li></ul>
  10. 10. New Year <ul><li>Most important holiday in Japanese Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Years viewed as completely separate </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Start and a new beginning </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs should be finished and troubles are left behind </li></ul>
  11. 11. Setsbun <ul><li>Beginning of Spring </li></ul><ul><li>Not a national holiday but celebrated Nation wide is temples and shrines </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates another break in the year </li></ul><ul><li>New time for evils to leave and happiness to fill life </li></ul>
  12. 12. seijin no hi <ul><li>Coming of Age </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrates every person who has turned twenty that year. </li></ul><ul><li>At the age of twenty people have many more rites and freedoms </li></ul>
  13. 13. keiro no hi <ul><li>Respect of Elders day </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the respect that Japanese have for there elders </li></ul><ul><li>Believes that with age comes wisdom </li></ul><ul><li>Ties in with many religious beliefs </li></ul>
  14. 14. Valentine’s Day White Day <ul><li>Valentines Day- females give the males in there life gifts of love </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chocolate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>White Day- males give females gifts of affection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chocolate or Cakes </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Work Cited <ul><li>http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2281.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2062.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e629.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hope.edu/academic/religion/reader/japan.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/japan/religion.htm </li></ul>

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