Japanese feudalism


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Japanese feudalism

  1. 1. Feudal Japan “Land of the Rising Sun”
  2. 2. Terms to Know • Shinto = Earliest religion in Japan, pre- Buddhism. Believes all natural things have their own spirits. • Clan = group of families related by blood, marriage • Taika Reforms = “Great Change”; forced some clans to give up land to the emperor; divided Japan into provinces; got idea from China • Prince Shotoku = Early emperor of Japan; brought constitution, reforms, encouraged Chinese study
  3. 3. Topic: Japan’s Chinese Influence • Question: What influence did China have on Japan? Japan… – Allowed Buddhism from China and Korea to spread – Copied, thanks to Prince Shotoku, Chinese-style temples, Chinese and Korean art, medicine, architecture, philosophy…
  4. 4. , icine m ed HEY, QUIT art, nd so COPYING! m s, y, a for oph Re ilos ph … on What do students often say?
  5. 5. • Can it be compared to Europe’s during the Middle Ages?
  6. 6. Oh, that’s right…
  7. 7. Japanese Feudal Pyramid Shogun _________ Daimyo Samurai Peasants
  8. 8. Japanese Feudal Pyramid • Shogun = military and political leader of Japan; “great general” • Daimyo = high-ranking samurai lords who provided the shogun with warriors in exchange for land • Samurai = lower-ranking warriors who served their daimyo in exchange for small manors • Peasants = lowest class; most taxed; worked the land for their lord.
  9. 9. Japan Europe
  10. 10. Compare and Contrast Area: Feudal Europe Feudal Japan Chain mail (links,) Iron, leather, and silk Armor heavy plates of held together with steel leather straps Styles of Most knights on foot, Most samurai on foot, battle some on horses some on horses Weapons Sword, mace, bow Sword mainly; and arrow, etc some bamboo guns Codes “Chivalry” (courtesy, “Bushido” (give life to of Honor protecting serfs, protect daimyo, set loyalty to lord) good examples) Make six boxes down…
  11. 11. Compare and Contrast Latin; Clergy were Japanese; Shoguns Literacy literate, most others forced most were not Samurai to learn Why did Died around 1400. People Died in late 1800s. Feudalism moved off manors and into Shoguns adopted new die here? growing towns technologies; Samurais were no longer needed
  12. 12. Rise of the Shogun • Question: What was Japan like before Shoguns? – From 800-1100AD, mostly peaceful and stable, and refined – Buddhism encouraged, (2 types) – Few other clans were allowed to Japanese Buddhist Temple share power – Emperor most powerful
  13. 13. • Question: Why did the Shoguns rise? By 1150, there was… – The leading clan became corrupt – Wars broke out between competing clans. – By 1185, after many exhausting wars, one leader, Yoritomo Minamoto, proved most powerful and became 1st Shogun – Emperors became just figureheads
  14. 14. A cartoon Shogun Yoritomo, 1st Shogun
  15. 15. Shoguns still have influence in Japanese culture today…
  16. 16. Pure Land Zen Amida Buddha
  17. 17. Term to Know: • Sect = a smaller branch of a bigger religion • Example: Latter day saints = Mormons, but still Christian
  18. 18. Beliefs of Pure Land Buddhism Sect: • Happiness in afterlife for all • Lord Amida is the Buddha, a Buddha of love and mercy. Have faith and chant his name daily • Most popular among the poor. Why?
  19. 19. Beliefs of Zen Buddhism Sect: • Physical and mental exercise is key • Physical exercise = martial arts • Mental exercise = meditation • Meditation = clear the mind of thoughts and desires