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River Valley Study Guide


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River Valley Study Guide

  2. 2. QUESTIONS <ul><li>1. The region of Mesopotamia was between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The people of the early civilizations learned to deal w/ droughts and flooding by inventing irrigation . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Most people in early river valley civilizations believed that the gods controlled all human and natural activities. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The first written code of law was Hammurabi’s Code of Laws. </li></ul>
  3. 3. QUESTIONS <ul><li>5. List the characteristics of a civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>A complex society with religion, class divisions, writing system, art, organized government, and cities </li></ul><ul><li>6. The Israelite faith is known today as Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>7. The idea that laws should apply equally to everyone is known as rule of law. </li></ul><ul><li>8. The Phoenicians are most famous for spreading the alphabet. </li></ul>
  4. 4. QUESTIONS <ul><li>9.The people of the early river valley civilizations used the rivers for a variety of purposes. List at least five. </li></ul><ul><li>They used the rivers for irrigation, travel, trade, drinking, bathing, and many other purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Why was the geography of Egypt so important in its development as a major center of trade? How did geography help protect the Egyptians? </li></ul><ul><li>The Nile River made it easy for Egyptians to travel within the kingdom, while the Med. Sea allows them to travel with other civilizations. The deserts , cataracts, and delta also served as a barrier to prevent enemies from invading with an army. </li></ul>
  5. 5. QUESTIONS <ul><li>11.What are some of the irrigation techniques the different civilizations used? List examples. They used techniques including dams, canals, ditches, levees, and shadoofs(Egypt.) </li></ul><ul><li>12. Siddhartha Gautama was the founder of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>13. The caste system determined a person’s job, social group, and marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>14. Which religion used the Eightfold Path to stop suffering? Buddhism </li></ul>
  6. 6. QUESTIONS <ul><li>15. What are the Four Noble Truths, and who uses them? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Noble Truths – Buddhism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life is full of suffering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People suffer because they desire worldly things, and self-satisfaction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The way to end suffering to stop desiring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The only way to stop desiring things to follow the Eightfold Path </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>16. The Golden Age of India was during the Gupta Empire. </li></ul>
  7. 7. QUESTIONS <ul><li>17. Taoism encouraged people to lead a simple life and live close to nature. </li></ul><ul><li>18. Qin Shi Huang Di united China and based his rule on the ideas of Legalism. </li></ul><ul><li>19. List the products that China exported(sent out) on the Silk Road. </li></ul><ul><li>Cinnamon, silk, copper, gold, and ginger </li></ul><ul><li>20. The Zhou kings claimed this gave them the right to rule. Mandate of Heaven </li></ul><ul><li>21. What was a nickname for the Yellow River? China’s Joy and China’s Sorrow </li></ul>
  8. 8. QUESTIONS <ul><li>22.Draw the social pyramid of China. </li></ul><ul><li>Land-owning aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li> Farmers(90% of China’s pop.) </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants, trader, bankers </li></ul><ul><li>23. This philosophy taught that people would do well if everyone did his/her duty to the family and government. Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>24. Why did the Chinese worship their ancestors? They thought their ancestors could protect them, watch them to guide their family descendants, and punish them if they did something wrong. </li></ul>
  9. 9. QUESTIONS <ul><li>25. Describe the Silk Road. A large network of trade routes that stretched over 4,000 miles from China to Southwest Asia. Some of the main items traded by the Chinese included silk, tea, and spices. </li></ul><ul><li>26. What helped ideas spread around the world? Trade </li></ul><ul><li>27. Contributions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sumerians – wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, 360 day calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egyptians - shadoof, papyrus, hieroglyphics, # system based on 10, mummification, adv. in mathematics, 365 day calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shang – silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harappa - 1 st planned cities, sanitation system, 1 st to grow cotton </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. RIVER VALLEY CHART (#29) <ul><li>Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys </li></ul><ul><li>wheel, plow, sailboat, # system based on 60, cuneiform, irrigation, 1 st code of laws </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Nile River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>papyrus, advances in medicine, pyramids, # system based on 10, shadoof, hieroglyphics, theocracy, pharaohs </li></ul><ul><li>Harappa </li></ul><ul><li>Indus River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>1 st to grow cotton, 1 st planned cities, sanitation(plumbing) </li></ul><ul><li>Shang </li></ul><ul><li>Huang He River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>silk, jade, bronze, oracle bones, ancestor worship </li></ul>