Chapter 7 Section 2 Vocabulary, Chart, and Questions
Vocabulary <ul><li>Confucius </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Chinese philosopher and teacher, his teachings affected China’s...
<ul><li>Han Feizi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of Legalism, lived around 200 BC. Believed that humans were naturally evil...
<ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System introduced by Confucius; believed that people should have a sense of dut...
<ul><li>Legalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi, it taught that humans were naturally evil...
From  JAT: The Early Ages
Questions <ul><li>2.1) What are the three main social classes of early Chinese society? </li></ul><ul><li>Land-owning aris...
<ul><li>2.2) Why did the amount of land owned by each aristocrat decrease over time? </li></ul><ul><li>Each father had to ...
<ul><li>2.3) How did the roles of men and women in ancient Chinese society differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Men grew crops, went ...
<ul><li>2.4) Between 500 BC and 200 BC, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were created to try and achieve a what? </li></...
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Chapter 7 Section 2

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Answers to Chapter 7, Section 2 study guide.

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Chapter 7 Section 2

  1. 1. Chapter 7 Section 2 Vocabulary, Chart, and Questions
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Confucius </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient Chinese philosopher and teacher, his teachings affected China’s government. He founded Confucianism and emphasized filial piety. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laozi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Old Master,” we believe he lived around the time of Confucius. Founder of Daoism. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Han Feizi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Founder of Legalism, lived around 200 BC. Believed that humans were naturally evil and needed strict laws to keep them in line. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>social class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People who share a similar position in society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>filial piety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>children’s respect for parents and older relatives </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System introduced by Confucius; believed that people should have a sense of duty to family and society, and that gov’t jobs should be awarded based on merit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Daoism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese philosophy founded by Laozi, taught that people should give up worldly concerns and turn to nature </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Legalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi, it taught that humans were naturally evil and needed to be ruled by strict rulers and harsh laws </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. From JAT: The Early Ages
  7. 7. Questions <ul><li>2.1) What are the three main social classes of early Chinese society? </li></ul><ul><li>Land-owning aristocrats, peasant farmers, merchants </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>2.2) Why did the amount of land owned by each aristocrat decrease over time? </li></ul><ul><li>Each father had to split up his land between his sons, so the land plots became smaller and smaller over time. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>2.3) How did the roles of men and women in ancient Chinese society differ? </li></ul><ul><li>Men grew crops, went to school, fought in wars, and held gov’t positions. Women could influence gov’t positions, but could not hold them. Women were also in charge of the household and raised children. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>2.4) Between 500 BC and 200 BC, Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism were created to try and achieve a what? </li></ul><ul><li>All three philosophies were created in attempts to create a peaceful society. </li></ul><ul><li>2.5) What are the Analects of Confucius? </li></ul><ul><li>A collection of Confucius’ wise sayings. These sayings encourage people to do good and seek knowledge. </li></ul>

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